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Kntered  according  to  the  Act  of  Parliament  of  Canada  in  the  year  one  thousand 
nine  hundred  and  four  by  THE  CANADIAN  PRESS  SYNDICATE.  Montreal  and 
Toronto,  in  the-  Office  of  the  Minister  of  Agriculture. 


.      , 





Alexander,  Charles 52 

Allan,  Andrew  A 67 

Allan,  Bryce  James 68 

Allan,  Hugh  Andrew 29 

Allan,  Sir  H.  Montagu 16 

Angus,  R.  B 9 

Archambeault,  Hon.  Horace,  L.L.L.,  LL.D.,  K.C.  30 

Armstrong,  Charles 93 

Bagg,  Robert  Stanley    72 

Bickerdike,  Robert 43 

Bowell,  Sir  Mackenzie 10 

Bowie,  Robert 32 

Brosseau,  Toussaint 69 

Brown,  Albert  Joseph 101 

Carbray,  Felix 96 

Carsley,  Samuel 26 

Carsley,  William  Francis 76 

Chase-Casgrain,  Hon.  Thomas    21 

Christie,  Robert  Jaffray   92 

Christie,  The  late  William  Mellis 91 

Cox,  Edward  Wm 44 

Cox,  Frederick  George 41 

Cox,  Hon.  George  Albertus 7 

Craik,  Robert,  M.D.,  LL.D 77 

Crathern,  James 20 

Dawes.J.  P 81 

Dexter,  David 39 

Drumrnond,  George  Edward 12 

Drummond,  Thomas  J 60 

Drumrnond,  Dr.  William  Henry 42 

Dundonald,  Earl  of 74 

Dunton,  R.  A.,  B.C.L.,  N.F 99 

Dwight,  Harvey  Prentice 31 

Edye,  Lieut. -Colonel 49 

Evans,  Alfred  Bickerton    87 

Forget,  Hon.  Senator  L.  J 38 

Forget,  Rodolphe •  •  •  •  4° 

Foster,  George  G.,  K.C 56 

Gildersleeve,  Charles  Fuller 61 

Gouin,  Hon.  Lomer,  K.C 28 

Hanson,  Edwin 108 

Hanson,  William 107 

Hays,  Charles  Melville 5 

Hersey,  Randolph 58 

Hickson,  Sir  Joseph 78 

Hodgson,  Arthur  J 22 

Holt,  Charles  M,  K.C,  LL.D 54 

Hoskin,  John  P..  K.C.,  LL.D 27 

Hosmer,  Charles  Rudolph 13 

Jette,  Hon.  Sir  Louis  Amable 3 

Jones,  Hon.  Lyman  Melvin '9 

Laporte,  Hormisdas 4$ 

Laurier,  The  Right  Hon.  Sir  Wilfrid 2 

Macdonald,  John 64 

Macpherson,  William  Molson 98 


Mackenzie,  Hector 102 

Marshall,  Noel  George  Lambert 23 

Martin,  Jean   Baptiste 82 

McArthur,  Alex 66 

McCorkell,  Hon.  John  Charles,  K.C 24 

McEachran,  Duncan  McNab 57 

McLennan,  Bartlett 34 

McLennan,  Hugh 33 

Meighen,  Robert 109 

Moore,  Samuel  John 84 

Morrice,  David 75 

Morrice,  David,  jr 85 

Morrice,  William  J 90 

Morris,  John  Lang,  K.C 50 

Mulock,  I  Ion.  Sir  William 8 

Murray,  James  Peter 89 

Murray,  John  Alexander 53 

Murray,  The  late  William  Allan 88 

Owens,  Hon.  William    17 

Parent,  Hon.  S.  N 6 

Parker,  Robert 70 

Paton,  Hugh   46 

Paul,  Frank 103 

Pelletier,  Sir  C.  Alphonse  P 51 

Pelletier,  Hon.  L.  P 1 8 

Prefontaine,  Hon.  Raymond  Fournier,  B.C. L., K.C.  15 

Rainville,  Hon.  Henri  B /i 

Ramsay,  Alexander 65 

Robertson,  George  Ross 105 

Rogers,  Elias 62 

Holland,  Hon.  Jean  Damien 79 

Ross,  Hon.  George  William 63 

Sadler,  George  Walter 80 

Sclater,  Charles  Page 106 

Shaughnessy,  Sir  Thomas  G 4 

Sifton,  Hon.  Clifford 1 1 

Sise,  Charles  Fleetford 47 

Smith,  R.  Wilson 59 

Smilhers,  The  late  C.  F 94 

Smithers,  George  Hampden 95 

Stairs,  John  Fitzwilliam 86 

Stewart,  Duncan  M 104 

Strathcona  and  Mount  Royal,  Lord I 

Sutherland,  Hon.  James 14 

Taschereau,  Louis  Alexandre 25 

Thompson,  Frederick  William 97 

Torrance,  John 35 

Turgeon,  Hon.  Adelard 37 

Turner,  Hon.  Richard 36 

Watson,  Hugh 45 

Weber,  Frederick  John 83 

Williams,  Herbert  Hale ?3 

Wiser,  John  Philip 

Wyman,  William  Henry . .  100 


Within  this  volume  will  he  found  engravings  from 
steel  and  brief  biographical  sketches  of  some  of  the  men 
who  have  helped  to  make  and  are  making  of  Canada  at 
the  present  moment  a  great  country  within  itself.  Only 
a  few  names  can  be  presented  within  each  volume, 
others  w'ill  follow  as  the  engravings  and  sketches  can 
be  gathered  by  our  staff.  There  has  been  no  attempt 
at  fulsomeness  nor  undue  eulogy.  Many  of  the  sketches 
are  brief,  much  briefer  than  we  might  have  wished  as 
the  subjects  were  worthy  of  more  space,  but  the  matter 
is  mostly  first  handed  and  covers  all  that  we  were  al- 
lowed to  use.  Newspapers  will  generally  find  here 
the  matter  they  require  in  giving,  for  any  reason,  a 
sketch  of  a  man's  life.  The  engravings  they  will  find 
will  reproduce  excellently,  and,  while  all  matter  is 
copyrighted,  the  right  is  given  to  any  newspaper  to 
use  whatever  it  likes  of  either  engravings  or  letter- 
press, with  the  request  that  the  usual  courtesy  of  ac- 
knowledgment be  extended  to  The  Canadian  Press 

In  preparing  a  work  of  this  character  there  are 
many  perplexing  delays  and  disappointments.  It  is  a 
difficult  task  to  secure  material  for  a  sketch  from  a 

busy  and,  at  the  same  time,  careless  man  ;  it  is  often 
harder  to  persuade  him  to  allow  us  the  use  of  a  steel 
engraving,  which  is  really  the  best  and  most  enduring 
method  of  reproducing  a  photograph  ;  it  is  then  difficult 
to  get  him  to  pass  upon  the  sketch,  or  to  approve  or 
correct  the  printer's  proof,  and  often  these  things  are 
entirely  omitted  through  sheer  inability  to  get  it  attend- 
ed to;  but  in  the  face  of  nil  obstacles  it  is  our  purpose 
to  persevere  in  this  work  until  it  represents  the  Domi- 
nion as  a  whole,  and  will  be,  as  this  volume  indicates, 
the  best  work  of  its  class  ever  undertaken  in  Canada 
or  to  our  knowledge  in  any  other  country.  There  have 
been  several  biographical  works  produced  in  the  Do- 
minion, some  of  them  very  creditable,  and  to  them  we 
owe  a  portion  of  the  information  contained  herein,  but 
none  have  been  so  handsomely  and  richly  illustrated 
nor  quite  so  elaborately  bound  and  carefully  printed 
as  these  volumes  will  be. 

We  trust  those  of  you.  who  are  pleased  with  this 
first  volume,  will  not  be  backward  in  letting  us  know 
the  fact,  and  those  ot  you,  who  are  displeased,  we  can 
anticipate  your  criticisms,  but  they  will  be  none  the 
less  welcome. 



The  Right  Honorable  Sir  Donald  Alexander  Smith, 
first  Baron  Strathcona  and  Mount  Royal,  High  Com- 
missioner for  Canada  in  London,  was  born  at  Archie- 
ston,  Morayshire,  in  1820,  his  father  being  the  late 
Alexander  Smith.  After  receiving  a  sound  business 
education  at  the  local  school  in  Archieston,  the  future 
peer,  at  the  age  of  eighteen,  entered  the  service  of 
the  Hudson  Bay  Company,  which  has  proved  the  road 
to  fortune  of  so  many  young  Scotsmen.  The  first 
post  he  was  assigned  to  was  in  Labrador,  and  he  spent 
no  less  than  13  years  in  that  inhospitable  region. 
Thence  he  was  removed  to  the  Great  Northwest,  then 
known  as  the  District  of  Ruperts  Land,  and  be  has 
been  intimately  identified  with  the  development  of  that 
vast  region  ever  since.  Before  the  transfer  of  the  Dis- 
trict of  Ruperts  Land  to  the  Dominion  of  Canada  he 
had  attained  the  position  of  Chief  Factor  and  Resident 
Governor  of  the  Hudson  Bay  Company  in  Canada. 
His  judgment,  tact,  and  influence,  with  the  half-breeds 
was  used  to  great  advantage  at  the  time  of  the  Red 
River  troubles  of  1869  and  1870,  and  his  efforts  had 
much  to  do  with  the  pacification  of  the  people.  After 
the  organization  of  the  Province  of  Manitoba  and  the 
setting  apart  of  the  remainder  of  Ruperts  Land  as  the 
Northwest  Territory,  he  was  elected  to  the  first  Mani- 
toba Legislature  for  Winnipeg  and  St.  John,  and  was 
also  appointed  to  the  Northwest  Territorial  Council. 
At  the  fVst  Manitoba  elections  for  the  Dominion  House 
of  Commons,  he  was  returned  as  member  for  Selkirk 
in  the  Conservative  interest.  At  the  time  of  the  Paci- 
fic Scandrl  in  1873,  he  left  his  party  and  became  a 
Liberal,  but  when  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald  was  again 
returned  to  power  in  1878  he  gave  the  Conservative 
Government  his  independent  support.  He  resigned 
his  seat  in  the  Manitoba  Legislature  in  1878,  but  re- 
presented Selkirk  at  Ottawa  until  1880,  when  he  was 
defeated.  Having,  in  the  meantime,  taken  up  his 
residence  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Smith  was  in  1887  returned 
to  the  House  of  Commons  for  Montreal  West,  repre- 
senting that  constituency  until  April,  1896,  being  then 
appointed  High  Commissioner  for  Canada  at  London 
and  sworn  of  the  Canadian  Privy  Council.  Lord 

Strathcona's  name  was  very  prominently  connected 
with  the  carrying  out  of  that  great  national  project, 
the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway.  His  Lordship,  not 
only  gave  the  scheme  powerful  financial  support,  but 
by  his  pluck,  energy  and  personal  knowledge  of  the 
then  new  Northwest,  did  perhaps  more  than  any  other 
single  man  to  secure  its  successful  accomplishment. 

In  acknowledgment  of  his  services  to  the  Dominion 
Mr.  Smith  was  created  K.C.M.G.  in  1886,  and  in  1896 
he  received  promotion  in  the  order,  receiving  the  dis- 
tinction of  G.C.M.G.,  and  having  the  additional  honor 
of  personal  investment  at  Windsor  Castle.  At  the 
time  of  Queen  Victoria's  Diamond  Jubilee.  Her  Late 
Majesty  raised  Sir  Donald  to  the  peerage  with  the 
title  of  Baron  Strathcona  and  Mount  Royal  of  Glen- 
coe  in  the  County  of  Argyll,  and  of  Montreal,  Que. 

Lord  Strathcona  became  Vice-President  of  the 
Bank  of  Montreal  in  1882  and  President  in  1887.  Tie 
also  was  elected  Chancellor  of  McGill  University  in 
1889.  He  holds  high  office  in  many  commercial, 
charitable  and  patriotic  organizations  in  England, 
Scotland  and  Canada,  and  was  gazetted  Honorary 
Lieut.-Colonel  of  the  3rd  Victoria  Rifles,  Montreal, 
1898.  At  the  time  of  the  South  African  War.  he- 
raised,  equipped,  and  despatched  to  the  front,  at  bis 
own  expense,  a  splendid  regiment  of  irregular  horse 
recruited  in  the  Northwest  and  known  as  Strathcona 

He  has  been  a  generous  patron  of  art  and  a  prince- 
ly contributor  to  the  funds  of  educational  and  charit- 
able institutions.  Tn  1887.  he,  with  Lord  Mount 
Stephen,  gave  $i. 00x3,000  for  the  establishment  and 
endowment  of  the  Roval  Victoria  Hospital,  Montreal, 
in  honor  of  Queen  Victoria's  Jubilee,  a  further  dona- 
tion of  $800,000  for  maintenance  being  made  in  1896. 
His  donations  to  McGill  University,  Montreal,  amount 
to  $500,000.  Cambridge  and  Yale  conferred  upon 
him  the  degree  of  LL.D.  in  1887,  and  1892.  While 
residing  in  the  Northwest  Lord  Strathcona  married 
Isabella,  daughter  of  the  late  Richard  Hardisty,  of  the 
Hudson  Bav  service. 


The  Right  Honorable  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  G.C. 
M.G.,  P.C.,  etc.,  Prime  Minister  of  Canada,  was  born 
at  St.  Lin,  Que.,  November  2Oth,  1841,  the  son  of  the 
late  Carolus  Laurier,  P.L.S.,  by  his  first  wife,  Marcelle 
Martineau.  After  receiving  an  elementary  education 
at  the  mixed  school  in  his  native  parish,  young  Wilfrid 
Laurier  took  a  full  classical  course  at  L'Assomption 
College,  which  has  been  the  Alma  Mater  of  an  excep- 
tionally large  number  of  the  most  eminent  public  men 
of  the  province  of  Quebec.  In  1860,  he  entered  upon 
the  study  of  law  in  the  office,  in  Montreal,  of  the  late 
Hon.  K.  Larlamme,  Q.C.,  afterwards  Minister  of  Jus- 
tice of  Canada,  and  for  some  time  one  of  his  ministerial 
colleagues.  Concurrently  with  his  office  training  he 
followed  the  law  course  at  McGill  University,  graduat- 
ing with  the  degree  of  1S.C.L.  in  1864,  and  being  called 
to  the  liar  in  1805.  During  bis  student  days,  the 
future  Prime  .Minister  gave  abundant  evidence  of  that 
lofty  principle  and  exceptional  oratorical  ability,  which 
have  been  such  marked  characteristics  of  his  public 
career,  and  have  been  so  largely  responsible  for  his 
present  pre-eminent  position  in  the  Dominion.  lie 
practised  his  profession  in  Montreal  with  conspicuous 
success  for  three  years,  at  the  same  time  interesting 
himself  in  polities  and  journalism.  As  a  young  man 
he  suffered  from  delicate  health,  and  the  amount  of 
exertion  to  which  his  active  mind  subjected  his  feeble 
frame  caused  a  physical  collapse.  Under  stringent 
medical  orders  he  retired  from  his  promising  profes- 
sional practice  in  the  metropolis,  with  its  own  exac- 
tions and  the  various  collateral  distractions  his  ener- 
getic temperament  had  drawn  him  into,  and  moved  to 
a  quiet  country  place,  L'Avenir.  in  the  Eastern 
Townships,  where  he  found  recreative  occupation  in 
the  editorial  management  of  "Le  Defricheur." 
a  Reform  paper,  previously  conducted  by  |. 
P>.  E.  Dorion,  popularly  known  throughout  the 
province  of  Quebec  as  "  L'Enfant  Terrible." 
The  removal  of  the  delicate  young  lawyer 
from  the  turmoil  of  the  city  to  the  fresh 
air  and  quiet  of  the  country  had  the  desired  effect. 
He  still  retained  the  instinct  for  his  chosen  profession, 
and  upon  his  restoration  to  health  he  opened  a  law 
office  at  St.  Christophe,  now  Arthabaska,  which  had 
been  created  the  chef-lien  of  the  then  new  judicial  dis- 
trict of  Drummond  and  Arthabaska.  His  private  re- 
sidence has  remained  in  Arthabaska  ever  since".  Pos- 
sessed to  a  remarkable  extent  of  the  faculty  of  close 
and  systematic  study,  and  with  a  marked  gift  as  a  per- 
suasive pleader,  the  embryo  statesman  soon  earned  an 
enviable  place  for  himself  at  the  P,ar.  In  1880,  he 
was  created  a  Q.C.,  and  later,  he  was  appointed  to  the 
Royal  Commission  nominated  to  revise  the  Code  of 
Civil  Procedure  of  the  Province  of  Quebec. 

In  politics  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  has  always  been  a 
Liberal,  at  first  a  Liberal  of  the  old  school,  which  in- 
cluded such  men  as  Dorion,  Laflamme  and  Holton  ; 
but,  later,  describing  himself  as  "  a  Liberal  of  the  Eng- 

lish School,"  a  pupil  of  Charles  James  Fox,  Daniel 
O'Connell  and  William  Ewart  Gladstone.  His  stu- 
dious habits  have  had  no  less  an  influence-  upon  Sir 
Wilfrid  Lander's  political  life  than  upon  his  career  at 
the  liar.  Anyone  who  listens  or  reads  the  Prime  Min- 
ister's speeches  is  at  once  impressed  with  his  thorough 
knowledge  of  English  literature  in  its  widest  range, 
and  particularly  with  his  familiarity  with  the  political 
and  constitutional  history  of  Great  Britain.  It  is  very 
doubtful  whether  any  English-speaking  member  of  the 
Canadian  House  of  Commons  is  the  equal  of  Sir  Wil- 
frid Laurier  in  these  respects. 

Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  was  first  elected  to  public  office 
in  1871,  being  returned  to  the  Quebec  Legislature  by 
a  majority  of  one  thousand  over  E.  J.  Hemming,  Con- 
servative. In  1874  he  resigned  his  seat  and  was  re- 
turned to  the  House  of  Commons  by  the  same  consti- 
tuency. In  seconding  the  address  in  reply  he  delivered 
a  speech  which  at  once  put  upon  him  the  stamp  of  a 
parliamentarian  of  the  first  rank.  November,  1876,  he 
entered  the  Mackenzie  Administration  as  Minister  of 
Inland  Revenue,  but  was  defeated  on  appealing  to  his 
constituents  for  re-election.  He  was  at  once,  however, 
re-elected  for  Quebec  East,  and  has  represented  that 
constituency  continuously  ever  since.  From  1878, 
when  the  'Mackenzie  Administration  was  defeated  at 
the  polls,  until  1896,  when  the  Conservative  Adminis- 
tration of  Sir  Charles  Tupper  met  defeat,  Sir  Wilfrid 
Laurier  sat  in  the  front  row  of  the  Opposition  benches, 
for  the  last  nine  years  of  the  period  being  leader  of  the 
( )pposition.  Being  called  upon  to  form  a  government, 
.Mr.  Laurier  was  sworn  into  office  as  president  of  the 
Privy  Council,  July,  1896,  and  four  days  later  finished 
his  task  of  forming  a  cabinet.  Conspicuous  among 
the  events  of  the  Prime  Minister's  official  life  was  his 
visit  to  England  at  the  time  of  Queen  Victoria's  Dia- 
mond Jubilee  in  1897,  his  powerful  oratory  and  splen- 
did personality  attracting  world-wide  attention  and 
challenging  universal  admiration.  While  in  England 
he  was  sworn  of  the  Imperial  Privy  Council,  appointed 
a  G.C.M.G.  and  honored  with  degrees  by  both  Oxford 
and  Cambridge  Universities.  Crossing  to  the  Con- 
tinent, Sir  Wilfrid  was  appointed  a  Grand  Officer  of 
the  Legion  of  Honor  by  the  President  of  France,  and 
received  at  the  Vatican  by  the  Pope.  Upon  his  return 
to  Canada,  Sir  Wilfrid  was  accorded  public  receptions 
in  all  the  chief  cities,  and  Toronto  University  and 
Queen's  University,  Kingston,  conferred  upon  him  the 
degree  of  L  L.D. 

From  1869  to  1898  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  served  as 
ensign  in  the  Arthabaskaville  Infantry  Company,  and, 
being  on  active  service  during  the  Fenian  Raids  of 
1870,  received  the  service  medal.  Sir  Wilfrid  Lau- 
rier was  married  May  I3th,  .1868,  to  Miss  Zoe  Lafon- 
taine,  of  Montreal,  who,  posessing  a  goodly  amount  of 
woman's  tact,  judgment  and  devotion,  has  contributed 
not  a  little  to  the  success  of  the  distinguished  states- 
man's public  career. 


The  Honorable  Sir  Louis  Amablc  Jette,  K.C.M.G., 
K.C.,  LL.D.,  etc.,  was  born  at  L'Assomption,  Quo., 
January  I5th,  1836,  his  parents  being  Amable  Jette, 
formerly  a  merchant  of  L'Assomption,  P.Q.,  and  Caro- 
line Gauffreau,  whose  grand  father  was  a  San  Do- 
mingo planter.  He  was  educated  at  L'Assomption 
College,  being  a  fellow  student  there  with  the  Right 
Hon.  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier,  studied  law  after  his  gradu- 
ation and  was  called  to  the  liar  in  1857  taking  up 
practice  in  Montreal.  A  sound  student  and  capable- 
pleader,  the  young  lawyer  soon  established  a  good 
clientele  and  he  came  prominently  to  the  front  at  the 
time  of  the  celebrated  Guibord  Burial  case,  he  being 
counsel  for  the  Seminary  of  St.  Sulpice.  It  was  but 
natural  that  such  a  hard  student  as  Mr.  Jette  showed 
himself  to  be,  during  the  days  of  his  practice  at  the 
Bar,  should  identify  himself  with  legal  literature,  and 
we  find  him  becoming  editor  of  "La  Revue  Critique 
de  Legislation  et  de  Jurisprudence  du  Canada,"  and 
a  correspondent  of  "La  Revue  de  Droit  International 
de  Gand  (Belgium)."  In  1887,  he  was  named  one 
of  the  commissioners  for  the  revision  of  the  Quebec 
Code  of  Civil  Procedure  and  published  conjointly  with 
his  fellow  commissioners,  in  1888,  "Observations  re- 
lative au  Code  de  Precedure  Civile,"  which  is  the 
standard  review  of  the  Judicial  system  and  Procedures 
Acts  of  the  Province  of  Quebec.  His  natural  incli- 
nation to  letters,  and  his  earnest  principles  as  a  Liberal 
led  him  for  a  time  into  political  journalism,  and  for 
some  months  he  was  editor  of  "L'Ordre" 

In  his  practice  at  the  Bar,  he  was  much  respected 
by  the  members  of  the  profession,  and  for  a  time  he 
was  Treasurer  of  the  Bar  Association.  He  was 
called  to  the  Bench  as  a  Puisne  Judge  of  the  Superior 
Court,  September  2nd,  1878,  and  the  same  year  ap- 

pointed Professor  of  Civil  Law  in  Laval  University, 
Montreal,  and  had  conferred  upon  him  the  degree  of 
LL.D.  He  subsequently  became  Dean  of  the  Fac- 
ulty. He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Financial  Syndi- 
cate of  the  above  University  and  was  from  1878  to 
1898  a  member  of  the  Provincial  Council  of  Public  In- 
struction. He  has,  in  fact,  always  taken  much  inter- 
est in  educational  matters,  and  in  1886  the  students 
and  professors  of  Laval  University  presented  him  with 
an  address  and  purse  by  way  of  an  acknowledgement 
of  his  efforts  on  behalf  of  this  institution.  In  1891, 
he  presided  over  the  Royal  Commission,  appointed  to 
conduct  an  inquiry  into  the  ISaie  des  Chaleurs  Railway 
matter,  presenting  a  minority  report  of  special  force. 
January  2Oth,  1898,  he  was  appointed  Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  and  re-appointed  to 
a  second  term  in  1903.  In  .March,  1903.  he  was  ap- 
pointed one  of  the  liritish  Commissioners,  represent- 
ing Canada  on  the  Alaska  Boundary  Commission, 
which  sat  in  London,  and  he.  with  his  associate  Ca- 
nadian Commissioner,  presented  a  written  protest 
against  the  finding  of  the  Commission  which  com- 
manded world-wide  attention.  Sir  Louis  [ette  had 
quite  a  notable  political  record  before  ascending  the 
Bench.  He  was  first  returned  to  the  House  of  Com- 
mons in  1872  for  Montreal  East,  defeating  Sir  George 
E.  Cartier  by  upwards  of  1,200  votes,  and  held  the 
seat  until  appointed  Judge. 

In  April,  1862,  Sir  Louis  Jette  married  Berthe, 
(laughter  of  Toussaint  Larlamme,  Montreal,  sister  of 
the  late  Hon.  Rodolphe  Laflamme,  who  was  Minister 
of  Justice  in  the  AlacKenzie  Administration.  One 
of  their  daughters  is  the  wife  of  the  Hon.  Rodolphe 
Lemieux,  Solicitor-General  in  the  Laurier  Govern- 


Sir  Thomas  G.  Shaughnessy,  president  of  the  Cana- 
dian Pacific  Railway,  has  an  enviable  reputation  as  a 
railway  man.  which  is  not  confined  to  Canada,  but 
extends  over  the  length  and  breadth  of  America.  His 
native  place  was  .Milwaukee,  Wis.,  where  lie  was 
born  of  Irish  parents,  October  6,  1853.  Born  with- 
out influence,  he  has  to  thank  his  own  energy  and 
perseverance  for  his  advancement.  His  parents  gave 
him  a  good  common  school  education,  and  he  started 
in  life  in  a  subordinate  position  in  the  purchasing 
department  of  the  Chicago,  Milwaukee  and  St.  Paul 
Railway,  July,  1860,.  His  seriousness  and  general 
capacity  did  not  long  await  recognition,  and  he  gained 
steady  promotion  in  the  purchasing  department  of  the 
road,  until  January,  1873.  when  he  was  appointed  to 
the  responsible  position  of  general  store  keeper  of  that 
great  system.  In  this  position  his  sound  judgment 
and  great  capacity  for  work  attracted  the  attention  of 
Mr.  W.  C.  Van  Home,  now  Sir  Win.  C.  Van  Home, 
and  when  that  gentleman  assumed  the  herculean  task 
of  the  organization  and  management  of  the  Canadian 
Pacific  Railway  in  1882,  and  he  cast  about  for  reliable 
and  capable  lieutenants,  he  picked  upon  Air. 
Shaughnessy  as  one  of  them,  and  brought  him  to 
Montreal  as  general  purchasing  agent  of  the  then  new 
Trans-Continental  road.  Mr.  Shaughnessy  soon 
showed  himself  a  power  on  the  staff  of  the  big  com- 
pany, and  within  two  years  after  he  assumed  office  in 
the  service,  he  was  appointed  assistant  to  the  general 

manager.  In  1885,  the  responsibilities  and  functions 
of  his  office  were  extended  and  its  designation  changed 
to  assistant  general  manager.  In  June,  1891,  he  was 
elected  a  director  and  vice-president  of  the  C.  P.  R., 
and  upon  the  retirement  of  Sir  William  from  the  posi- 
tion of  president  of  the  company,  Mr.  Shaughnessy 
was  selected  to  succeed  him,  and  has  discharged  the 
responsible  duties  of  that  high  office  with  marked 
ability.  In  recognition  of  his  services  to  the  C.  P.  R. 
and  to  Canada,  Mr.  Shaughnessy  was  knighted  in 
i  (jo i.  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy,  besides  being  presi- 
dent or  director  of  various  allied  railway  companies, 
such  as  the  Duluth,  South  Shore  and  Atlantic,  the 
Toronto,  Hamilton  and  Buffalo  Railways,  the  B.  C. 
Southern  Railway,  the  Montreal  and  Western  Rail- 
way, etc.,  he  is  also  a  director  of  the  Royal  Trust 
Company,  Montreal,  and  a  governor  of  the  Royal 
Victoria  Hospital. 

The  power  wielded  by  Sir  Thomas  Shaughnessy 
as  president  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway  is  fairly 
tremendous.  To-day  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway 
stands  unrivalled  as  the  greatest  transportation  com- 
pany in  the  world.  Owner  of  ten  thousand  miles  of 
railway  track,  and  sixty  inland  and  ocean-going 
steamers,. it  carries  goods  and  passengers  not  only  from 
one  end  of  Canada  to  the  other,  but  also  from  the 
crowded  cities  of  Europe  to  the  utmost  limits  of  the 
Far  East,  without  transhipment  to  another  flag. 


Charles  Melville  Hays  was  born  at  Rock  Island, 
III.,  May  16,  1856.  He  entered  the  railway  service 
Nov.  loth,  1873,  as  a  clerk  in  the  passenger  depart- 
ment of  the  Atlantic  and  Pacific  Railroad,  in  St.  Louis. 
He  worked  successively  in  the  Auditor's  and  General 
Superintendent's  offices  until  1877,  when  he  became 
Secretary  to  the  General  Manager  of  the  Missouri 
Pacific.  In  1884,  he  took  a  similar  position  with  the 
Wabash,  St.  Louis  &  Pacific,  becoming  Assistant  Gen- 
eral Manager  of  that  road  in  1886.  In  July,  1887,  he 
was  appointed  General  Manager  of  the  Wabash  West- 
ern, and  later,  of  the  Consolidated  Wabash  System, 
becoming  Vice-President  and  General  Manager  in 
1894.  During  this  period  was  Director  of  the  Chi- 
cago &  Western  Indiana,  R.R. ;  Belt  Railway,  of  Chi- 
cago ;  Detroit  Union  R  R.  &  Station  Co. ;  Hannibal 
Union  Station  Co. ;  Keokuk  Union  Station  Co. ;  Kan- 
sas City  Union  Station  Co. ;  Terminal  R.R.  Associa- 
tion of  St.  Louis,  of  which  Company  he  was  also 
Chairman  of  the  Executive  Committee.  Represented 
the  Wabash  Railroad  in  Western  Traffic  As- 

sociation, Central  Traffic  Association,  and  on  the 
Joint  Traffic  Association.  On  January  1st, 

1896,  he  became  General  Manager  of  the  Grand 
Trunk  Railway  System,  which  office  he  relin- 
quished on  January  ist,  1901,  to  become  President 
of  the  Southern  Pacific  Railway,  retiring  from  that 
office  the  latter  part  of  lyoi  to  return  to  the  Grand 
Trunk  Railway  System  as  Second  Vice-President  and 
General  Manager.  Is  President  of  the  Central  Ver- 
mont Railway  ;  Grand  Trunk  Western  Railway  ;  De- 
troit, Grand  Haven  &  Milwaukee  Railway  ;  Toledo, 
Saginaw  &  Muskegon  Railway  ;  Michigan  Air  Line 
Railway  ;  Chicago,  Detroit  &  Canada  Grand  Trunk 
Junction  Railroad  ;  Detroit  &  Toledo  Shore  Line  ; 
Canadian  Express  Company  ;  St.  Clair  Tunnel  Com- 
pany ;  International  Bridge  Company  ;  Montreal 
Warehousing  Company ;  Portland  Elevator  Company, 
and  New  England  Elevator  Company.  Mr.  Hays 
also  represents  the  Grand  Trunk  Western  Railway 
as  Director  of  the  Chicago  &  Western  Indiana  R.R., 
and  licit  Railway  ot  Chicago. 

RON,  &  N.  PARENT. 

The  Honorable  Simon  Napoleon  Parent,  Premier 
of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  was  born  at  Beauport,  near 
the  City  of  Quebec,  September  I2th,  1855,  n's  parents 
being  Simon  Pqlycarpe  Parent,  merchant,  and  Luce 
Belanger,  his  wife.  He  obtained  his  primary  educa- 
tion by  studying  at  Laval  Normal  School  and  private 
tuition,  then  entering  the  faculty  of  Law  of  Laval 
University,  graduating  with  the  degree  of  L.L.L., 
cum  laude,  and  winning  the  Lome  Gold  Medal  and  the 
Tessier  Prize.  He  was  called  to  the  P>ar  in  1881,  and 
has  successfully  practiced  in  Quebec  ever  since.  In 
the  profession  he  holds  quite  an  enviable  position  as  a 
sound  business  lawyer,  and  the  firm  of  which  he  is 
the  head  has  the  largest  practice  in  the  Ancient  Capi- 

Mr.  Parent's  very  active  and  useful  public  career 
may  be  said  to  date  from  his  election  as  an  alderman 
to  the  Quebec  City  Council  in  1890.  At  the  general 
elections  the  same  year  he  was  returned  to  the  Pro- 
vincial Legislature  for  St.  Sauveur  in  the  Liberal  in- 
terest. He  has  sat  in  the  Quebec  City  Council  ever 
since,  during  the  past  ten  years  as  Mayor.  Coinci- 
dent with  Mr.  Parent's  long  period  of  office  in  the 
mayoralty  there  has  been  a  remarkable  renewal  of  com- 
mercial and  industrial  activity  in  Quebec,  and  a  mark- 
ed improvement  in  the  appearance  of  the  city. 
Streets  have  been  widened  and  permanently  paved, 
public  parks  acquired,  public  buildings  have  been  con- 

structed, City  Hall,  Theatre,  the  methods  of  the  vari- 
ous municipal  services  modernized,  and  an  efficient 
rapid  transit  system  installed.  And  all  of  this  has 
been  accomplished  without  imposing  any  appreciable 
additional  burden  of  taxation  upon  the  ratepayers.  In 
fact,  Mr.  Parent  has  gained  for  himself  the  reputa- 
tion of  being  a  progressive,  yet  cautious  mayor,  and  his 
exceptional  record  as  a  wise  municipal  administrator 
has  had  much  to  do  with  his  rapid  advancement  in  the 
field  of  provincial  politics.  Was  re-elected  alderman 
1 5th  February,  1904,  and  was  re-elected  for  the 
sixth  term  (12  years,)  on  the  first  day  of  March,  1904. 

He  was  re-elected  to  the  Legislature  from  St. 
Sauveur  in  1892,  1897  and  1900.  He  was  called  to 
the  Marchand  administration  as  Minister  of  Crown 
Lands,  May  2oth,  1897,  and  upon  the  death  of  Premier 
Marchand,  September  251)1,  1900,  he  was  summoned 
by  the  Lieutenant-Governor  to  form  an  administra- 
tion, and  he  has  been  Premier  of  the  Province  of  Que- 
bec ever  since.  He  also  holds  the  portfolio  of  Min- 
istr  of  Lands,  Mines  and  Fisheries.  His  administra- 
tion of  the  affairs  of  the  Province  has  been  character- 
ized by  scrupulous  economy.  October  I7th,  1877, 
Mr.  Parent  married  Marie  Louise  Clara,  daughter  of 
Ambroise  Gendron,  timber  inspector  of  Beauport. 

He  is  also  the  President  of  the  Quebec  Bridge  and 
Railway  Company,  which  will  be  the  largest  Cantilever 
Bridge  of  the  world. 


Senator  Cox's  connection  with  the  Grand  Trunk 
Pacific  Railrvvay  and  numerous  other  enterprises  makes 
him  one  of  the  most  prominent  figures  in  Canadian 
public  life  to-day.  He  is  of  English  decent,  his  family 
having  migrated  to  the  United  States  from  the  Mother 
Land  in  1810.  Eight  years  later  they  removed  to  Can- 
ada, first  taking  up  land  in  I'rince  Edward  and  after- 
wards in  Northumberland  County,  Out.  He  is  the  son 
of  Edward  W.  Cox  by  his  wife  Jane  Tanner,  and  was 
born  at  Colborne,  Out.,  May  7th,  1840.  Educated  there 
he  commenced  life  as  an  operator  in  the  service  of  the 
Montreal  Telegraph  Company.  After  two  years  spent 
in  its  office  in  his  native  town  he  was  sent,  .May,  1858, 
to  take  charge  of  the  Peterborough  office,  where  he 
lived  for  thirty  years  and  is  still  largely  interested  in  its 
prosperity.  He  continues  to  use  unabated  interest  in 
everything  that  contributes  to  the  welfare  of  his  old 
home,  which  is  now  one  of  the  most  prosperous  and 
progressive  towns  in  Ontario,  taking  an  active  part  in 
the  direction  of  the  Canadian  General  Electric  Com- 
pany, the  Peterborough  Lock  Company  and  other  local 
organizations.  The  young  agent  speedily  asserted  his 
individuality  and  took  an  active  part  in  the  municipal, 
educational  and  commercial  interesets  of  Peterborough. 
For  seven  years  he  was  mayor,  being  successful  three 
times  in  contested  elections  and  four  times  he  was  elec- 
ted by  acclamation.  In  1871  Mr.  Cox  stepped  from  the 
municipal  into  the  political  field  and  contested  the  rid- 
ing of  West  Peterborough  for  the  legislature,  with  the 
late  W.  H.  Scott.  He  won  the  fight,  but  the  election 
was  set  aside  and  in  the  following  year  he  was  defeat* 
ed  by  Mr.  Scott  by  a  majority  of  one.  In  1887  Mr. 
Cox  contested  the  same  riding  for  the  House  of  Com- 
mons, with  Mr.  James  Stevenson.  He  was  again  de- 
feated, but  the  majority  was  only  sixteen. 

Mr.  Cox  soon  became  interested  in  enterprises  of 
interest  to  the  country  at  large  and  in  1878  became 
President  of  the  Midland  Railway  at  the  request  of  the 
creditors  of  the  Company,  which  at  the  time  was  in 
financial  difficulties.  During  the  term  of  his  presidency 

the  road  was  placed  in  first-class  condition,  new  rolling 
stock  provided  and  four  other  railways  amalgamated 
with  the  Midland  system.  The  consolidated  sys- 
tem was  afterwards  sold  to  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway, 
at  which  time  the  securities  were  worth  more  than  par 
although  when  Mr.  Cox  assumed  the  management  the 
first  mortgage  bonds  were  selling  at  seventeen  cents  on 
the  dollar.  This  was  the  most  important  financial 
event  up  to  that  time  in  Mr.  Cox's  career,  and  its  suc- 
cess was  no  doubt  the  foundation  of  his  fortune.  .He 
was  also  a  member  of  the  1  lowland  Syndicate  which 
offered  to  build  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway. 

In  1884  Mr.  Cox  founded  the  Central  Canada  Loan 
and  Savings  Company,  becoming  its  first  1 'resident, 
which  office  he  still  retains.  In  1885  he  became  a  direc- 
tor of  the  Canadian  ISank  of  Commerce  and  President 
in  1890,  still  retaining  that  important  office.  He  is  also 
President  of  the  Canada  Life  Assurance  Company, 
having  beeen  closely  identified  with  its  interests  since 
1861  ;  is  President  of  the  Western  Assurance  Com- 
pany, the  Crow's  Nest  Pass  Coal  Company  and  the  ISri- 
tish  American  Assurance  Company,  and,  is  also  inter- 
ested in  and  closely  identified  with  a  number  of  other 
large  companies,  among  them  being  the  National 
Trust,  the  Dominion  Iron  and  Steel,  and  the  Domi- 
nion Coal  companies. 

A  Liberal  in  politics  Mr.  Cox  was  called  to  the  Sen- 
ate of  Canada  in  November,  1896,  by  the  Earl  of 

Senator  Cox  is  a  staunch  supporter  of  the  Metho- 
dist Church  and  in  conjunction  with  the  Rev.  Dr.  Potts 
is  Treasurer  of  Victoria  University,  in  which  institu- 
tion he  has  established  a  Chair  in  New  Testament 
Exegesis  and  yearly  donatees  a  gold  medal  for  Natural 
Science.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Trustee  Board  of 
Toronto  University. 

Mr.  Cox  is  a  member  of  the  Toronto  and  National 
Clubs.  In  1862  he  married  Margaret,  youngest  daugh- 
ter of  Daniel  Hopkins,  of  Peterborough. 


The  Honourable  Sir  William  Mulock,  M.A., 
LL.D.,  K.C.,  P.C.,  Toronto,  Member  of  the  House 
of  Comonms  of  Canada,  for  North  York,  and  Post- 
master General  for  the  Dominion  of  Canada,  was  born 
at  Bond  Head,  Ontario,  January  I9th,  1843.  His 
father  was  the  late  Thomas  Homan  Mulock,  a  member 
of  the  Royal  College  of  Surgeons,  a  native  of  King's 
County,  Ireland,  and  his  mother  was  Mary,  daughter 
of  the  late  John  Cawthra,  of  Yorkshire,  England. 

Sir  William  was  educated  -at  Newmarket  Grammar 
School  and  at  Toronto  University,  graduating  with 
the  degree  of  M.A.,  and  gaining  the  gold  medal  for 
modern  languages  in  1863.  In  1871  he  took  the  de- 
gree of  M.A.,  and  in  1894,  received  the  honoru-y  de- 
gree of  L.L.D. 

Choosing  the  law  as  his  profession,  he  was  called 
to  the  Bar  of  Ontario  in  1868,  and  soon  won  an  envi- 
able position  as  a  thorough,  painstaking  and  forceful 
lawyer.  In  1890  he  was  appointed  Queen's  Counsel, 
at  that  time  being  head  of  the  leading  law  firm  of  Mul- 
ock, Miller,  Thomson  and  Lee,  Toronto.  He  wa.s 
for  four  years  Examiner  in  and  Lecturer  on  Equity 
for  the  Law  Society  of  Ontario.  In  1873  he  was 
elected  a  Senator  of  Toronto  University',  and  has 
served  his  Alma  Mater  in  that  responsible  capacity  up 
to  the  present  time,  and  with  great  benefit  to  the  'Uni- 
versity. In  1881  lie  was  elected  to  the  honorable  po- 
sition of  Vice-Chancellor  of  the  University,  and  was 
continuously  re-elected  until  1900  when  he  resigned, 
owing  to  the  pressure  of  other  public  duties.  A  per- 
petual reminder  of  his  intelligent  activity  in  the  in- 
terest of  the  University  is  the  William  Nlulock  schol- 
arship in  Mathematics,  founded  by  him. 

A  staunch  Liberal,  he,  from  early  manhood,  mani- 
fested a  keen  interest  in  political  affairs,  and  did  a 
great  deal  of  hard  work  for  his  party.  At  the  Gen- 
eral Elections  of  1882  he  was  returned  to  the  House 
of  Commons  for  North  York,  and  has  represented  the 
Constituency  ever  since.  During  the  time  the  Lib- 
eral Party  was  in  opposition  he  was  recognized  as  one 
of  the  most  consistent  and  effective  critics  of  the  Gov- 
ernment of  the  day,  and  after  success  of  the  Liberal 
Party  at  the  General  Elections  of  1896  his  selection 
as  a  member  of  the  new  Laurier  administration  was 
regarded  as  a  foregone  conclusion.  When  the  Cabi- 
net was  formed  July  I3th,  he  was  given  the  portfolio 
of  Postmaster  General,  and  he  has  shown  himself  a 
most  progressive  Minister.  In  1898  he  introduced 
into  Parliament  his  famous  measure,  empowering  the 
Governor  General  in  Council  to  reduce  domestic  post- 
age from  three  cents  to  two  cents  an  ounce  At  the 
same  time  he  announced  his  belief  in  the  principle  of 
Imperial  Penny  Postage,  and  he  was  in  course  of  time 
largely  instrumental  in  securing  the  practical  adoption 
of  that  principle. 

As  a  result  of  his  efforts  an  Imperial  Postal  Con- 
vention was  held  in  London,  England,  in  July,  1898, 

meet'n     He  m°Ved    the    following 

u     "  That  it  is  advisable,  in  the  interests  of  the  Brit- 

Empire   that  the    rate   of   postage  for  the  con- 

veyance   of    letters     (other    than    inland    letters) 

throughout  the  entire  extent  of  the  Empire,  be  re- 

"  duced  from  the  present  rate  of  twopence  halfpenny 
'•  per  half  ounce  to  one  penny." 

This  Resolution  was  carried  by  a  small  majority, 
being  opposed  by  the  seven  Australian  Colonies  and 
New  Zealand,  whose  representatives  withdrew  from 
the  Conference,  leaving  the  countries  favouring  the 
reduction  to  work  out  the  scheme.  Thereupon,  he 
arranged  with  the  Imperial  Government  that  as  the 
first  step  towards  giving  effect  to  the  reduction  the 
penny  rate  as  between  the  United  Kingdom  and  Can- 
ada should  go  into  effect  on  Christmas  Day,  1898. 
The  reduction  accordingly  took  effect  on  that  date. 
Subsequently  other  portions  of  the  Empire  came  into 
the  arrangements,  and  to-day  the  penny  rate  obtains 
between  Canada  and  every  part  of  the  Empire,  except 
Australia,  and  even  as  to  Australia  the  rate  from  Can- 
ada to  the  Commonwealth  has  been  reduced  to  the 
penny  rate  although  as  yet  the  Commonwealth  has 
not  yet  made  the  corresponding  reduction  on  its  letters 
to  Canada.  A  week  after  the  inauguration  of  this 
Inter-Imperial  Penny  rate  in  Canada,  namely  on  the 
first  January,  1899,  the  Canadian  domestic  letter  rate, 
and  also  the  Canadian  rate  on  letters  to  the  United 
Stages,  was  reduced  to  two  cents  per  ounce.  The  re- 
sult of  these  reductions  has  been  accompanied  by  a 
large  increase  in  the  postal  revenue  of  Canada. 

He  was  sent  as  a  delegate  to  represent  the  Domin- 
ion of  Canada  at  the  inauguration  of  the  first  Parlia- 
ment of  the  Commonwealth  of  Australia,  June,  1901, 
and  was  also  one  of  the  Canadian  representatives  at 
the  Coronation  of  King  Edward  VII.  at  London  dur- 
ing the  summer  of  1902.  At  the  Colonial  Confer- 
ence at  London  at  that  time  he  moved  and  secured  the 
adoption  of  the  following  Resolution,  respecting 
newspaper  postal  rates  : — 

"  That  it  is  advisable  to  adopt  the  principle  of 
"  cheap  postage  between  the  different  parts  of  the 
"  British  Empire  on  all  newspapers  and  periodicals 
"published  therein,  and  the  Prime  Ministers  desire  to 
"  draw  the  attention  of  His  Alajesty's  Government  to 
"  the  question  of  a  reduction  in  the  outgoing  rate." 

"  They  consider  that  each  Government  should  be 
"  allowed  to  determine  the  amount  to  which  it  may 
''  reduce  such  rate  and  the  time  for  such  reduction  go- 
"  ing  into  effect." 

The  Canadian  Post  Office  Department  made  appli- 
cation to  every  part  of  the  Empire  for  consent  to  a  re- 
duction in  newspaper  rates.  Most  of  the  Govern- 
ments have  given  their  consent  and  in  consequence 
the  Canadian  domestic  rate  upon  newspapers  carries 
Canadian  papers  to  the  following  portions  of  the  Em- 
pire : — United  Kingdom,  Bahamas,  Barbados,  Bermu- 
da, British  Honduras,  Ceylon,  Cyprus,  Falkland  Is- 
lands, Gambia,  Hong  Kong,  Leeward  Islands  (in- 
cluding Antigua,  &c.),  New  Zealand,  Sarawak,  Sierra 
Leone,  Transvaal,  Turks  Islands,  Zanzibar. 

Sir  William  Mulock  was  married  in  May,  1870,  to 
Sarah,  eldest  daughter  of  the  late  James  Crowther, 
Toronto,  and  their  family  consists  of  four  children, 
namely :— William  Mulock,  Edith  May,  wife  of  Mac- 
Dowall  Thomson,  Ethel,  wife  of  Arthur  Kirkpatrick, 
and  Cawthra  Mulock. 

Sir  William  Mulock  is  a  member  of  the  Toronto 
Club,  and  the  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa. 

He  was  created  a  K.C.M.G.  the  26th  June,  1902. 

R.  B.  ANGUS. 

Mr.  R.  B.  Angus,  Montreal,  capitalist,  was  horn  at 
Bathgate,  near  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  May,  28,  1831. 
At  an  early  age  he  left  Scotland  and  entered  the  ser- 
vice of  the  Manchester  and  Liverpool  bank,  lie 
came  to  Montreal  in  1857,  and  took  a  position  on 
the  staff  of  the  Hank  of  Montreal.  He  advanced 
steadily  in  the  service  of  Canada's  chief  bank- 
ing institution,  and  in  1862  took  charge  of 
the  Chicago  Agency,  a  few  years  later  pro- 
ceeding to  New  York  as  one  of  the  agents  of 
the  Bank  at  that  city.  From  New  York  he  returned 
to  Montreal  as  local  manager,  and  in  1869,  succeeded 
the  late  E.  H.  King,  as  general  manager.  In  18/9  he 
retired  from  the  service  of  the  Hank,  in  which  he  had 
risen  so  rapidly  to  assume  a  position  in  the  manage- 
ment of  the  St.  Paul,  Minneapolis  and  Manitoba  Rail- 
way. In  1880  he  associated  himself  with  Mr.  George 
Stephen,  Mr.  Donald  A.  Smith  and  others  to  form  the 
syndicate  for  the  construction  of  the  Canadian  Pacific 
Railway.  How  the  great  Canadian  undertaking  was 
carried  out  to  completion  in  1885  is  a  matter  of  na- 
tional history.  Mr.  Angus  returned  to  Montreal  to 
reside  in  the  year  1881.  Has  a  house  in  Drummond 
Street,  and  a  country  home  on  the  Lake  of  the  Two 
Mountains,  near  St.  Ann's.  Mr.  Angus  is  a  generous 

patron  of  art,  is  an  ex- President  of  the  Montreal  Art 
Association,  and  has  one  of  the  finest  private  art  col- 
lections in  Canada. 

He  has  devoted  considerable  time,  and  with  good 
effect,  to  charitable  work  in  Montreal,  particularly  to 
that  in  connection  with  the  Royal  Victoria  Hospital, 
of  which  splendid  institution  he  is  President.  He  is 
also  a  director  of  the  Montreal  Sailors  Institute,  and 
a  past  president  of  the  St.  Andrews  Society.  He  is 
connected  officially  with  McGill  University  as  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Board  of  Governors,  is  a  governor  and 
ex-president  of  the  Eraser  Institute,  and  a  governor  of 
the  Montreal  Numisatic  and  Antiquarian  Society. 

He  is  a  director  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  the  Can- 
adian Pacific  Railway  Co.,  Dominion  Coal  Co.,  Domi- 
nion Iron  and  Steel  Co.,  the  Dominion  Bridge  Co.,  the 
Merchants'  Manufacturing  Company,  the  Northwest 
Land  Company,  and  the  London  and  Lancashire  Life 
Assurance  Company. 

Mr.  Angus  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  and 
Mount  Royal  Clubs,  Montreal ;  Forest  and  Stream 
Club,  Dorval ;  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yach':  Club ; 
Rideau  Club,  Ottawa ;  Toronto  Cl»b,  Toronto,  and 
Manitoba  Club,  Winnipeg. 


The  Honorable  Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell,  K.C.M.G., 
etc.,  Belleville,  Out.,  was  born  at  Rickinghall,  Suffolk, 
England,  December  271)1,  1823,  his  father  being  the 
late  John  ISowell,  a  carpenter  and  builder,  who  emi- 
grated to  Canada  with  his  young  family  in  1833.  The 
subject  of  this  sketch  was  at  the  time  between  nine  and 
ten  years  of  age.  The  family  settled  in  Belleville, 
Out,,  and  the  year  after  their  arrival,  young  Mackenzie 
Bowell  entered  the  office  of  the  Belleville  'Intelli 
gencer'  as  an  apprentice,  in  the  employ  of  the  late 
George  Benjamin.-  The  lad  was  ambitious,  and  he  be- 
came in  succession,  journeyman  printer,  foreman,  edi- 
tor-partner and  finally  proprietor  of  the  'Intelligencer.' 
While  gradually  and  industrously  improving  his  busi- 
ness position  he  found  time  to  devote  attention  to  pub- 
lic matters  and  he  attained  public  influence  at  a  com- 
paratively early  date.  He  for  several  years  took  an 
active  interest  in  local  educational  matters,  and  for 
eight  or  ten  years  was  Chairman  of  the  Common 
School  Board.  For  two  years  he  sat  as  Chairman  of 
the  Grammar  School  Society.  He  joined  the  militia 
as  ensign  in  the  Belleville  Rifle  Company  in  1857,  and 
was  on  active  service  with  the  corps  of  observation 
stationed  on  the  Amherstburg  frontier  during  the  civil 
war  in  the  United  States  in  1864-5,  after  the  St. 
Albans  Raid.  He  was  also  on  active  service  at  Pres- 
cott  at  the  time  of  the  first  Fenian  Raid,  as  Captain  of 
No.  i  Company  of  the  1 5th  Battalion.  He  was  pro- 
moted to  be  Major  of  the  49th  upon  its  organization  in 
February,  1867,  and  attained  the  rank  of  Lieutenant- 
Colonel  in  February,  1872.  He  retired,  retaining  rank, 
in  1874.  At  an  early  age  he  identified  himself  with 
the  Orange  Order  and  beginning  with  the  office  of 
outside  tyler  of  Benjamin  L.  O.  L. ,  No.  274,  of 
Belleville,  he  has  obtained  unique  distinction  in  the 
order.  He  passed  through  the  successive  stages  of 
Master,  District  Master,  County  Master,  Provincial' 
Grand  Master  and  Grand  Master  of  British  North 
America.  In  1876,  at  Londonderry,  Ireland,  he  reach- 
ed the  top  round  of  the  ladder,  being  elected  President 
of  the  Imperial  Triennial  Council,  the  highest  office 
attainable  by  any  Orangeman  in  the  world.  He  was 

for  a  time  Vice-President  of  the  Ontario  Agricultural 
and  Arts  Association,  and  served  a  term  as  President 
of  the  Ontario  Press  Association.  It  is  as  a  politician 
and  statesman  that  Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell  is  best 
known  to  the  people  of  Canada.  After  an  unsuccess- 
ful attempt  in  the  Conservative  interest  to  capture  the 
seat  for  North  Hastings  in  the  Canadian  Assembly  at 
the  general  elections  of  1863,  he  successfully  contested 
the  seat  for  the  House  of  Commons  at  the  first  Domi- 
nion general  elections  in  1867  and  held  the  seat  con- 
tinuously for  a  period  of  twenty-five  years,  then  being 
called  to  the  Senate.  In  1878  he  entered  the  Cabinet 
of  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald,  holding  the  portfolio  of 
Minister  of  Customs  for  fourteen  years.  On  the 
death  of  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald,  and  the  formation  of 
a  Cabinet  by  Sir  John  Abbott,  Mr.  Bowell  accepted 
the  portfolio  of  Minister  of  Militia,  which  he  held 
until  Sir  John  Thompson  formed  his  Cabinet,  when 
he  was  transferred  to  the  new  department  of  Trade 
and  Commerce,  holding  that  portfolio  until  called 
upon  after  the  death  of  Sir  John  Thompson,  in  De- 
cember, 1894,  to  form  a  Cabinet.  The  new  Premier 
became  at  this  time  President  of  the  Council.  He 
retired  from  the  Government  on  April  2nd,  1896, 
and  was  succeeded  by  Sir  Charles  Tupper,  Bart. 
In  1893  he  went  on  an  important  trade  mission  to 
Australia,  which  resulted  in  the  trade  conference  at 
Ottawa  the  following  year.  January  ist,  1895,  he 
was  appointed  a  K.C.M.G.  He  was  elected  leader 
of  the  Conservative  Opposition  in  the  Canadian 
Senate  August  25th,  1896. 

Sir  Mackenzie  Bowell  was  elected  one  of  the  direc- 
tors of  the  Imperial  Life  Assurance  Company  of 
Canada  at  its  organization,  and  has  always  taken  a 
deep  interest  in  its  welfare.  In  1903  he  succeeded  to 
the  Presidency,  which  office  he  now  holds. 

December,  1857,  he  married  Harriet  Louisa, 
eldest  daughter  of  the  late  Jacob  G.  Moore,  of  Belle- 
ville, Ont.  Mrs.  Bowell  died  in  April,  1884.  Sir 
Mackenzie  Bowell  is  a  member  of  the  Albany  Club, 
Toronto,  and  the  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa. 



The  Hon.  Clifford  Sifton,  K.C.,  Minister  of  the 
Interior,  was  born  in  the  County  of  Middlesex,  Out., 
March  loth,  1861,  the  son  of  John  W.  Sifton,  former- 
ly Speaker  of  the  Manitoba  Assembly,  and  Catherine 
Watkins,  his  wife.  The  Siftons  are  of  Irish 
descent,  and  the  subject  of  this  sketch  posesses  in  a 
marked  degree  the  oratorical  force  and  brilliancy  which 
is  characteristic  of  the  race.  Mr.  Sifton  was  educated 
at  the  High  School,  London,  Ont.,  at  the  Boys'  College, 
Dunclas,  and  at  Victoria  University,  Cobourg,  Ont., 
graduating  from  the  last  named  institution  of  learning 
with  the  degree  of  1>.A.,  and  winning  the  Prince  of 
Wales  gold  medal  in  1880.  Called  to  the  Manitoba 
Bar  in  1882,  he  removed  to  Brandon,  and  remained  in 
practice  there  until  1896  when  he  joined  the  adminis- 
tration of  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier  as  Minister  of  the  Inte- 
rior and  Superintendent  General  of  Indian  Affairs, 
which  portfolio  he  still  holds.  He  was  created  a  ( ).C. 
by  Lord  Aberdeen  in  1895. 

His  active  political  career  began  with  his  election  to 
the  Manitoba  Legislative  Assembly  for  North  I'.ran- 
don  in  1888.  May  I4th,  1891,  he  was  called  to  the 
Manitoba  Government  as  Attorney-General  in  Mr. 
Greenway's  administration  in  succession  to  the  Hon. 
Joseph  Martin.  In  June,  1893,  he  was  one  of  the 
vice-presidents  of  the  Ottawa  Reform  Convention. 
During  Mr.  Greenway's  illness  in  1895,  Mr.  Sifton  was 
acting  Premier  of  Manitoba,  and  in  June  introduced 
in  the  Legislature  the  resolution  declaring  the  intention 
of  Manitoba  to  refuse  to  carry  out  the  Order-in-Coun- 
cil  of  the  Dominion  Government  for  the  re-establishing 
of  the  separate  school  system  in  the  province.  The  fol- 
lowing February  he  introduced  in  the  Legislature  the 
resolutions  protesting  against  the  adoption  by  the 
Dominion  Parliament  of  the  Manitoba  Remedial  Bill 
then  under  consideration.  He  was  one  of  the  commis- 
sioners named  later  by  the  Manitoba  Government  to 
meet  delegates  appointed  by  the  Dominion  Government 
to  discuss  the  school  question,  and  he  subscribed  to  the 

refusal  of  the  Manitoba  Government  to  accept  the  Do- 
minion Government's  demands.  In  the  department 
of  Provincial  legislation  his  most  important  work  was 
the  Code  of  Civil  Procedure,  which  regulates  all  pro- 
cedures in  Superior  Courts.  It  is  founded  upon  the 
old  practice  with  modifications  suggested  by  the 
English  Legislature  Act.  This  code  greatly  siiiiplfies 
legal  procedure  and  has  proven  extremely  satisfac- 
tory in  practice. 

After  accepting  his  present  portfolio  in  the  Laurier 
administration  he  was  returned  to  the  House  of  Com- 
mons by  acclamation  for  I'.randon,  which  seat  he  has 
held  ever  since. 

As  Minister  of  the  Interior  he  is  specially  charg- 
ed with  matter  relating  to  the  Government  of  the 
North-West  Territories  and  Yukon  Territory  and  all 
unorganized  and  outlying  territories  of  the  Dominion. 
In  1898  he  introduced  and  carried  through  legislation 
giving  responsible  government  to  the  Xorth-West  Ter- 
ritories. He  has  expressed  the  opinion  that  the  imme- 
diate settlement  of  the  west  is  the  most  important 
national  duty  of  Canada,  and  has  accordingly  devoted 
special  attention  to  the  question  of  immigration.  Mr. 
Sifton  has  devoted  much  serious  attention  to  the  de- 
velopment of  Canada's  great  mineral  reserve  in  the 
Yukon  district,  and  the  opening  up  of  that  region  has 
been  greatly  facilitated  by  his  efforts.  He  personally 
visited  the  district  in  1897,  investigating  the  White  and 
Chilkoot  passes  and  other  routes. 

Mr.  Sifton  was  recommended  by  the  Canadian  Gov- 
ernment and  appointed  by  the  British  Government  to 
act  as  British  agent  before  the  Alaska  Boundary  Tri- 
bunal, under  treaty  of  January,  1903.  He  spent  sev- 
eral months  in  London,  1903,  superintending  the  pre- 
paration and  presentation  of  the  British  case. 

Mr.  Sifton  was  married,  August  I4th,  1884,  to  Eli- 
zabeth Anna,  daughter  of  H.  T.  Burrows,  formerly  of 



Mr.  George  Edward  Drummond,  Merchant  and 
Manufacturer,  Montreal,  was  born  in  1858,  in  the 
County  of  Leitrim,  Ireland,  being  the  son  of  George 
Drummond  and  Elizabeth  Soden,  his  wife.  He  came 
with  his  parents  to  Montreal  in  1864,  his  father  dying 
twelve  months  later.  His  mother  is  still  living.  Mr. 
Drummond  was  educated  in  Montreal,  and  a  sound 
preliminary  business  training,  in  the  year  1881,  in  con- 
junction with  Mr.  James  T.  McCall  and  his  brother, 
Mr.  T.  J.  Drummond,  founded  the  present  widely- 
known  firm  of  Drummond,  McCall  &  Company,  iron 
and  steel  merchants,  and  founders  of  the  Canada  Iron 
Furnace  Company,  Limited,  the  Montreal  Pipe  Foun- 
dry Company,  and  other  kindred  industries.  Mr. 
Drummond  is  at  present  Managing-Director  and 
Treasurer  of  the  Canada  Iron  Furnace  Company, 
Limited,  at  present  operating  the  plants  at  Radnor, 
Que.,  and  Midland,  Ont,  and  is  also  a  Director  of  the 
Montreal  Pipe  Foundry  Company,  the  Canadian  Iron 
and  Foundry  Company,  the  Londonderry  (N.S.)  Iron 
and  Mining  Company,  Limited,  and  the  Liverpool 
and  London  and  Globe  Insurance  Company.  Mr. 
Drummond  is  recognized  as  a  leading  authority  on  the 
Canadian  Iron  and  Steel  trade,  and  has  contributed 
several  widely  read  articles  to  technical  journals  on 
the  subject.  He  is  well-known  in  general  commercial 
circles,  at  the  present  time  holding  the  very  honorable 

positions  of  President  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade 
and  President  of  the  Canadian  Manufacturers'  As- 
sociation. To  both  of  which  offices  he  was  elected 
by  acclamation. 

Mr.  Drummond  is  an  ardent  and  active  Imperialist. 
At  the  5th  Congress  of  Chambers  of  Commerce  of 
the  British  Empire,  held  in  Montreal  in  1903,  he  had 
the  honor  of  opening  the  proceedings  by  moving  one 
of  the  most  important  resolutions  offered  to  and  un- 
animously adopted  by  that  important  body,  a  resolu- 
tion in  favor  of  Colonial  contribution  to  Imperial  de- 
fence. In  presenting  the  motion,  Mr.  Drummond 
delivered  a  powerful  and  comprehensive  speech,  which 
commanded  marked  attention  in  all  parts  of  the  Brit- 
ish Empire. 

Mr.  Drummond  is  an  active  adherent  of  the  Church 
of  England,  occupying  now  for  some  time  the  position 
of  Warden  of  St.  George's  Church,  Montreal.  He 
is  also  Vice-President  of  the  Montreal  Church  Home, 
and  a  Governor  of  the  Montreal  Diocesan  Theological 

Mr.  Drummond  married  February,  1890,  Elizabeth 
Foster,  daughter  of  Ignatius  Cockshutt,  of  "The 
Cedars,"  Brantford,  Ontario. 

Mr.  Drummond  is  Vice-President  of  the  Lauren- 
tian  Club,  and  a  member  of  the  Montreal,  St.  James 
and  "Canada"  Clubs,  Montreal. 



The  Honourable  James  Sutherland,  M.P.,  for 
North  Oxford,  is  a  son  of  the  late  Alexander  Suther- 
land, a  native  of  Caithness-shire,  Scotland,  who  came 
to  Canada  in  1841,  and  of  his  wife,  Allison,  daughter 
of  the  late  John  Renton.  Horn  July  17.  1849.  Kdu- 
cated  at  Grammar  School,  Woodstock,  Out. 

In  1869,  when  only  20  years  of  age,  he  started  a 
mercantile  business  in  Woodstock,  and  afterwards  be- 
came interested  in  various  manufacturing  industries. 
On  the  discovery,  by  Mr.  Thomas  L.  Willson,  of  cal- 
cium carbide  as  a  commercial  commodity,  lie  became 
connected  with  the  inventor  in  its  manufacture,  and 
several  large  factories  have  been  established  in  the 
provinces  of  Ontario  and  Ouebec.  .Mr.  Sutherland 
has  been  successful  in  his  business  undertakings,  and 
his  career  has  been  characterized  by  energy,  tact  and 
a  large  amount  of 'Scotch  caution. 

Mr.  Sutherland  has  always  taken  a  great  interest 
in  the  development  of  the  County  of  Oxford  and  the 
City  of  Woodstock,  where  his  home  is.  and  has  been 
actively  connected  with  the  railway  and  other  enter- 
prises, which  have  tended  to  their  growth  and  de- 

In  1876  he  was  elected  to  the  Town  Council  and 
for  three  years  was  Reeve  of  the  Town  and  a  Member 
of  the  County  Council:  in  1880  he  was  Mayor.  He 
has  always  taken  an  active  part  in  educational  matters, 
holding  the  position  of  Trustee  of  the  Woodstock 
Grammar  School  for  many  years.  During  his  tenure 
of  office,  the  school  rose  steadily  through  the  various 
grades  of  High  School  and  Collegiate  Institute  until 
it  became  widely  known  as  one  of  the  foremost  edu- 
cational centres  of  the  Province. 

Mr.  Sutherland  is  a  Charter  Member  of  the.Wood- 
stock  Hoard  of  Trade  and  has  been  Trustee  of  the 
Woodstock  Hospital  since  its  inception.  In  fraternal 
circles  he  has  been  connected  with  the  Masonic  Order 
and  the  Independent  Order  of  Oddfellows,  being  P.G. 
of  Olive  Branch  Lodge,  I.O.O.F.,  and  P.M.  of  Ox- 
ford Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  and  Grand  Senior  Warden 
of  the  Grand  Lodge  of  Ontario.  He  has  also  been 
Royal  Chief  of  the  Order  of  Scottish  Clans. 

In  militia  matters  he  has  also  been  prominent;  he 
joined  the  22nd  Battalion  of  Oxford  Rifles  when  a  boy 
and  still  holds  the  position  of  Paymaster  in  that  bat- 
talion with  the  rank  of  Major. 

Mr.  Sutherland's  Parliamentary  career  commenced 
in  1880,  when  he  was  elected  to  represent  North  Ox- 
ford at  the  bye-election,  caused  by  the  sudden  death 
of  Mr.  Thomas  Oliver,  M.P.,  and  he  has  remained 
the  representative  of  that  riding  ever  since,  having 

been  successively  re-elected  at  the  general  elections 
of  1882-87-91-96-1900,  and  again  in  1902,  on  his  ap- 
pointment as  Minister  of  the  Crown  with  a  portfolio. 
For  many  years  he  was  Assistant  Whip  of  the  Liberal 
Party  in  the  House  of  Commons,  and,  on  the  death 
of  the  late  James  Trow,  M.P.,  was  chosen  Chief  Lib- 
eral Whip.  In  this  position  he  did  his  party  good 
service  and  won  the  esteem  alike  of  political  friends 
and  opponents.  In  1893  he  was  Chairman  of  the 
Committee  of  General  Arrangements  of  the  Liberal 
Conference  at  Ottawa,  that  notable  and  historic  gath- 
ering of  prominent  and  representative  men  from  all 
parts  of  the  Dominion,  which  contributed  so  much  to 
the  success  of  the  Liberal  party  at  the  next  general 
election.  He  also  had  charge  of  the  tonr  taken 
by  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier,  and  a  party  of  prominent 
leaders  of  the  then  opposition  to  the  Pacific  Coast  in 
1894:  and  which  was  very  successful  in  arousing 
party  enthusiasm  and  increasing  the  zeal  of  the  var- 
ious organizations  throughout  the  different  sections 
of  the  Dominion.  Mr.  Sutherland  has  always  been 
found  an  active  supporter  of  every  movement,  looking 
to  the  development  of  the  resources  of  the  Dominion. 
He  has  visited  almost  every  part  of  the  country,  and 
no  one  is  more  familiar  with  the  local  conditions  or 
has  a  clearer  grasp  of  the  necessities  of  each  district. 
( )n  the  formation  of  the  Laurier  Administration  in 
1896  he  was  offered  a  portfolio,  but,  on  account  of  his 
many  business  interests,  declined.  From  1896  to 
1900  he  was  Chairman  of  the  Railway  Committee  of 
the  House  of  Commons.  On  the  3Oth  of  September, 
1899,  ne  was  called  to  the  Privy  Council  as  Minister 
without  portfolio.  In  the  absence  of  the  Hon.  Mr. 
Sifton,  during  the  session  of  1900,  he  was  Acting 
Minister  of  Interior;  and  was  Acting  Postmaster 
General  in  1901,  while  Sir  William  Mulock  was  absent 
in  Australia  as  Canadian  representative  at  the  inau- 
guration of  the  Australian  Commonwealth.  In  Jan- 
nary,  1902,  he  was  sworn  in  as  Minister  of  Marine 
and  Fisheries,  and,  while  occupying  this  position,  took 
up  the  improvement  of  the  aids  to  navigation,  especial- 
ly along  Canada's  great  waterway,  the  St.  Lawrence, 
and  in  other  parts  of  the  Dominion  as  well,  with  a 
vigor  and  success  which  gave  great  satisfaction  to  the 
shipping  and  mercantile  interests  of  the  country.  In 
October  of  the  same  year  he  was  transferred  from  the 
Department  of  Marine  and  Fisheries  to  that  of  Pub- 
lic Works.  He  is  unmarried.  A  Presbyterian. 
Address,  Woodstock,  Ont.  Is  a  member  of  the  To- 
ronto and  National  Clubs,  Toronto ;  the  Rideau,  Ot- 
tawa, and  St.  James,  Montreal. 



The  Hon.  Raymond  Fournier  Prefontaihc,  B.C.L., 
K.C.,  Montreal,  member  of  the  Parliament  of  the  Do- 
minion of  Canada  for  Maisonneuve,  and  Minister  of 
Marine  and  Fisheries,  was  born  at  Longueuil,  Chambly 
County,  Que.,  September  i6th,  1850.  He  is  a  des- 
cendent  of  the  oldest  and  most  honorable  families  in 
the  Province  of  Quebec,  his  ancestors  having  settled 
in  what  was  then  New  France  in  1680.  His  father 
was  the  late  Mr.  Toussaint  Fournier  Prefontaine  of 
Longueuil,  his  mother's  maiden  name  being  Ursulc 

The  Hon.  Mr.  Prefontaine  was  educated  by  private 
tuition  and  at  St.  Mary's  College  and  McCiill  I'ni- 
versity,  Montreal,  graduating  with  the  degree  of 
B.C.L.  from  the  last  named  institution  of  learning  in 
1873.  The  same  year  he  was  called  to  the  I  Jar  at 
Montreal,  and  entered  into  the  active  practice  of  his 
profession.  He  soon  built  up  a  most  lucrative  prac- 
tice at  the  Bar,  and  his  present  firm,  known  under  the 
style  of  Prefontaine,  Archer  and  Perron,  has  one  of 
the  largest  practices  in  the  city  of  Montreal.  He  was 
created  a  Queen's  Council  in  1893. 

At  a  very  early  age  he  became  powerfully  attract- 
ed to  public  affairs.  His  first  appearance  as  a  candi- 
date for  the  suffrages  of  the  electorate  was  in  1875, 
when  he  accepted  the  Liberal  nomination  for  the  Que- 
bec Legislature  in  his  native  County  of  Chambly,  just 
across  the  St.  Lawrence  from  the  City  of  Montreal. 
He  won  his  first  election  in  spite  of  overwhelming 
odds,  and  was  making  quite  a  mark  for  himself  in  the 
Legislature  when  defeated  on  coming  up  for  re-elec- 
tion at  the  general  election  of  1878.  The  successful 
candidate  was,  however,  unseated,  and  at  the  bye-elec- 
tion to  fill  the  vacancy,  in  June,  1879,  Mr.  Prefontaine 
was  re-elected.  General  elections  occurred  frequent- 
ly in  those  days.  There  was  one  in  1881.  The  Con- 
servative Government  swept  all  before  them,  and  Mr. 
Prefontaine  was  among  the  defeated. 

In  1879  ne  was  elected  a  councillor  of  the  then 
town  of  Hochelaga,  the  principal  East-end  suburb  of 
Montreal.  Mr.  Prefontaine  at  once  pronounced 
himself  in  favor  of  a  progressive  policy,  and  set  him- 
self at  work  to  have  it  adopted  and  carried  out.  And 
he  succeeded,  new  streets  being  opened,  sewers  con 
structed,  manufacturing  industries  encouraged,  and  so 

on.  Hochelaga  developed  by  bounds  under  the  im  • 
pulse  of  the  enterprising  municipal  administration. 
He  saw  that  the  best  assurance  of  Hochelaga's  future 
lay  in  annexation  to  the  City  of  Montreal,  persisted  in 
an  annexation  policy  and  had  the  satisfaction  of  see- 
ing the  union  consummated  in  1884.  He  was  at  that 
time  and  had  been  for  several  years  previously.  Mayor 
of  Hochelaga,  and  when  the  suburban  municipality 
became  Hochelaga  Ward  of  the  City  of  Montreal,  he 
was  sent  to  the  City  Council  as  one  of  its  aldermen. 
He  represented  the  Ward  continuously  until  February, 
1898,  when  he  was  elected  Mayor  of  Montreal  by  ac- 
clamation. He  was  re-elected  by  an  overwhelming 
majority  in  1900.  and  withdrew  voluntarily,  refusing 
a  nomination  tendered  him  in  1902.  Meantime,  Mr. 
Prefontaine  had  been  making  his  mark  in  national 
politics.  In  the  midst  of  the  excitement  of  Louis 
Kiel,  after  the  Northwest  Rebellion,  the  Government 
of  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald  opened  Hochelaga  County, 
apparently  to  test  its  strength.  Mr.  Prefontaine  was 
chosen  as  the  Liberal  standard  bearer  and  a  close  and 
bitter  campaign  resulted.  The  eyes  of  Canada  were 
turned  upon  Hochelaga  and  .Mr.  Prefontaine's  de- 
cisive victory  at  the  polls  created  a  profound  impres- 
sion throughout  Canada.  He  was  re-elected  at  the 
general  elections  of  1887  and  1890,  and  at  the  general 
elections  of  1896  was  elected  first  member  for  the  new 
constituency  of  Maisonneuve,  which  formed  part 
of  Hochelaga  County.  His  majority  was  I  s~o.  At 
the  general  elections  of  Hpo  lie  was  again  re-elected 
by  the  tremendous  majority  of  1774.  In  the  same 
elections  he  was  Liberal  candidate  in  Terrebonne 
County,  hitherto  a  strong  Conservative  stronghold, 
defeating  his  opponent  at  the  polls  and  thus  being 
elected  to  the  House  of  Commons  from  two  con- 
stituencies, and  having  more  votes  cast  for  him  than 
any  other  candidate  in  the  whole  Dominion  of 

When  a  reconstruction  of  the  Laurier  cabinet  was 
necessitated  by  the  resignation  of  the  Hon.  J.  I.  Tarte 
in  November,  1903,  Sir  Wilfrid  selected  Mr.  Prefon- 
taine as  a  minister,  and  he  was  sworn  of  the  Privy 
Council  as  Minister  of  Marine  and  Fisheries,  Novem- 
ber nth. 



Sir  Hugh  Montagu  Allan,  Montreal,  was  born  at 
Montreal,  in  1860,  being-  the  second  son  of  the  late 
Sir  Hugh  Allan,  founder  of  the  Montreal  Ocean 
Steamship  Company,  owners  of  the  Allan  Line  of 

Mr.  Allan  was  educated  at  Bishops  College  School, 
Lennoxville,  and  under  the  terms  of  his  late  father's 
will,  entered  the  firm  of  H.  &  A.  Allan  on  attaining 
his  majority,  lie  is  now  one  of  the  senior  members 
of  the  firm.  Mr.  Allan  is  an  active  member  of  the 
Montreal  Hoard  of  Trade  and  was  for  several  years 
a  member  of  the  Council  of  that  body,  and  an  office 
bearer.  He  is  President  of  the  Merchants  Rank  of 
Canada,  the  Acadia  Coal  Company,  the  Canadian  Rub- 
ber Company,  the  Canada  Paper  Company,  the  Rail- 
way Securities  Company ;  and  Director  of  the  Mon- 
treal Rolling  .Mills  Company,  the  Montreal  Street 
Railway  Company,  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat  &  Power 
Company,  the  Ogilvie  Flour  Mills  Company,  (Ltd.), 

the  Canadian  Transfer  Company,  and  the  Labrador 

Mr.  Allan  has  for  some  years  occupied  a  leading 
position  in  the  social  life  of  Montreal.  He  is  an  ex- 
master  of  the  Montreal  Hunt,  and  Vice-President  of 
the  Montreal  Racquet  Club.  He  is  also  a  Director 
of  the  Montreal  Sailors'  Institute,  and  a  member  of 
the  Society  for  the  Prevention  of  Cruelty  to  Animals. 

( ktober,  1893,  Mr.  Allan  was  married  to  Mar- 
guerite Ethel,  daughter  of  the  late  Hector  Mackenzie, 
of  Montreal,  merchant.  Mr.  Allan  is  a  member  of 
the  St.  James  Club,  Mount  Royal  Club,  and  Hunt 
Club,  Montreal;  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  Dorval ; 
Toronto  Club,  Toronto ;  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa ;  Mani- 
toba Club,  Winnipeg ;  Knickerbocker  Club,  New 
York  ;  Junior  Carlton  Club,  London,  England. 

Mr.  Allan  was  created  a  Knight  Bachelor  by  His 
Majesty  King  Edward  VII.,  on  the  ocasion  of  His 
Majesty's  official  birthday  celebration,  June  24th, 



-^ — =    /fc*f 


The  Honourable  William  Owens,  Montreal,  mem- 
ber of  the  Senate  of  the  Dominion  of  Canada,  was 
born  May  I5th,  1840,  in  the  township  of  Chatham, 
Argenteuil  County,  Que.  His  father,  Owen  Owens, 
of  Denbigh,  Wales,  came  to  Canada  in  1812.  The 
Carillon  and  Grenville  Canals  were  then  being  built 
by  the  Imperial  Government,  and  those  works 
attracted  him  to  the  section  where  he  settled,  in 
the  Township  of  Chatham.  He  entered  into  busi- 
ness as  a  general  merchant  and  soon  became  a 
leading  man  in  the  district,  holding  the  positions  of 
Postmaster,  Councillor,  School  Commissioner,  etc. 
During  the  troublous  times  of  the  rebellion  of  1837- 
1838  he  took  an  active  part  against  the  rebels.  He 
retired  from  business  in  1861.  Mr.  William  Owens' 
mother's  name  was  Charlotte  Lindley.  and  she  was 
born  in  Yorkshire,  England. 

Mr.  Owens  was  educated  in  Argenteuil  County, 
entering  his  father's  store  early  in  life.  In  1861  his 
brother,  Thomas,  and  he  took  over  their  father's  busi- 
ness, which  they  extended  and  carried  on  successfully 
in  connection  with  their  lumber  business,  under  the 
first  name  of  T.  and  W.  Owens.  In  1887,  Mr.  Owens 
retired  from  the  business,  which  has  since  been  car- 
ried on  under  the  name  of  T.  Owens  and  Sons.  In 
1888  he  purchased  from  the  estate  of  the  Hon.  L.  J. 
Papineau,  all  the  unconceded  land  in  the  Papineau 
Seignory,  comprising  130  square  miles,  an  area  rich 
in  timber  and  minerals,  and  in  which  he  still  retains 
a  half  interest. 

Mr.  Owens,  being  at  once  popular  and  public 
spirited,  has  played  quite  a  conspicuous  part  in  the 

public  affairs.  He  was  for  years  Councillor  and 
.Mayor  of  the  Township  of  Chatham,  Argenteuil 
County.  During  the  Fenian  excitement  of  1866  he- 
joined  Lieut. -Colonel  Cushing,  in  raising  a  company 
of  the  nth  Argenteuil  Rangers,  and  in  1870  proceed- 
ed on  active  service  with  that  battalion  with  the  rank 
of  lieutenant. 

In  1 88 1  he  was  elected  to  represent  Argenteuil 
County  in  the  Quebec  Legislature,  as  a  Conservative, 
defeating  the  lion.  Frank  Ciilman,  Liberal.  In  1886 
he  was  re-elected  by  acclamation,  and  in  1900  was 
again  re-elected,  this  time  defeating  Mr.  W.  A.  Weir. 
In  icjoi  he  resigned  his  seat  in  the  Legislature  and 
contested  Argenteuil  in  the  Conservative  interest  for 
the  House  of  Commons,  being  defeated  by  the  late 
Dr.  Christie.  He  was  appointed  to  the  Senate  in 

Since  retiring  from  active  business  Senator  Owens 
has  resided  in  Montreal  during  the  winter  months, 
but  spends  the  greater  part  of  the  summer  at  Monte- 
bello,  where  he  has  an  extensive  dairy  farm  and  a 
splendid  herd  of  Ayrshire  cattle. 

In  1862  Mr.  Owen  married  Catherine  Matilda 
Powers,  daughter  of  Orlando  Powers,  of  Lachute, 
there  being  issue  of  the  union  one,  Catherine 
Mana  Owens,  now  wife  of  Mr.  F.  S.  Maclennan, 
K.C.,  of  Montreal.  In  180.0  Mr.  Owens  married 
Margaret  Caroline  AfcMartin,  daughter  of  the  late 
John  McMartin,  formerly  of  Montreal,  and  of  this 
union  there  has  been  issue  one  daughter,  Willa  Mei'k 
Owens,  and  one  son,  William  Earl  Foster  Owens. 



The  Honorable  Louis  Phillippe  Pelletier,  K.C., 
was  born  at  Trois  Pristoles,  Que.,  in  1857,  his  parents 
being'  the  Hon.  Thomas  P.  Pelletier,  Legislative  Coun- 
cillor, and  Caroline  Casault,  his  wife.  His  ancestors 
were  of  Mreton  origin,  and  came  to  Canada  during  the 
French  regime.  He  is  a  nephew  of  Sir  L.  N.  Casault, 
Chief  Justice  of  the  Superior  Court,  and  of  the  late 
Rev.  L.  Jacques  Casault,  founder  of  Laval  University. 
He  was  educated  at  the  Ste.  Ann  de  la  Pocatiere  Col- 
lege and  Laval  University,  Quebec,  graduating  from 
the  last  named  institution  of  learning  with  the  degree 
of  Pi. A.,  in  1876.  Taking  up  the  course  of  the  faculty 
of  Law  in  the  same  university,  he  graduated  therefrom 
in  1880  with  the  degree  of  L.L.D.,  and  honors,  and 
winning  the  gold  medal  offered  by  the  Marquis  of 
Lome  and  Princess  Louise.  He  was  called  to  the 
Bar  at  Quebec  the  same  year  and  has  practiced  his 
profession  in  that  district  ever  since,  he  being  at  the 
present  time  head  of  the  well-known  firm  of  Pelletier, 
Drouin  &  I'aillargion.  For  several  years  he  acted 
with  marked  success  as  one  of  the  Crown  Prosecutors 
of  the  District  of  Quebec,  and  was  created  Queen's 
Counsel  in  1893. 

Mr.  Pelletier  has  had  a  particularly  active  political 
life.  Tn  his  youth  a  fervent  Conservative,  he  found 
time  even  in  the  earlv  days  of  his  professional  practice 
to  devote  considerable  attention  to  politics,  and  was 
active  in  the  election  work,  and  among  the  party  clubs 
of  Quebec  City  and  District.  As  an  acknowledge- 
ment of  his  work  and  talents,  he  was  elected  President 
of  the  Cartier  Club,  which  position  he  held  until  its 
disorganization  in  1886.  About  this  time  the  alleg- 
i-incc  of  Mr.  Pelletier  to  his  party,  as  that  of  thousands 
of  other  sincere  voung  French  Canadian  Conserva- 
tives, was  strained  to  the  breaking  point  by  the  execu- 
tion of  Louis  "Rid,  the  leader  of  the  Northwest  Half- 
Pireeds.  At  this  trying  time,  when  nationalist  spirit 
was  stirred  to  its  depths,  Mr.  Pelletier  gave  in  his  ad- 
hesion to  the  new  national  Conservative  party, 
taking  a  leading  place  therein,  and  eventually  suc- 
ceeding the  late  Senator  Trudel  as  President 
of  the  National  Conservative  Association  of  the 
Province  of  Quebec.  He  was  associated  with  the 
late  Colonel  Amyot,  M.P.,  in  the  establishment 
at  Quebec  of  "La  Justice,"  and  was  for  some 
years  one  of  that  paper's  leading  editors.  While 
the  so-called  Riel  excitement  was  at  its  height 
he  presented  himself  unsuccessfully  as  a  candidate  in 
Temiscouata  at  the  Provincial  general  elections  of 
1886.  At  the  Dominion  General  Elections  the  fol- 

lowing year  he  presented  himself  in  Three  Rivers  as 
a  candidate  for  the  House  of  Commons,  again  unsuc- 
cessfully. May  nth,  1888,  he  was  appointed  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Legislative  Council  by  the  Hon.  Honore 
Mercier,  then  Provincial  Premier,  but  a  few  months 
later  he  resigned  to  accept  the  national — conserva- 
tive nomination  for  the  Legislature  for  Dorchester 
County,  being  elected  by  acclamation  Decem- 
ber 2Oth,  1888.  He  has  represented  Dorchester 
in  the  Legislature  ever  since,  being  re-elected 
at  the  general  elections  of  1890,  1892,  1897 
and  1900.  At  first  an  ally  and  powerful  sup- 
porter of  the  Mercier  Administration,  he,  with 
others  of  the  Government's  national-conservative  sup- 
porters, towards  the  end  of  the  administration,  felt 
compelled  to  secede  from  Mr.  Mercier's  extravagant 
leadership,  and  supported  the  movement  which  result- 
ed in  the  dismissal  of  the  Mercier  Government  from 
power  December  ifith,  1891,  Upon  the  formation  of 
a  Cabinet  by  the  Hon.  C.  B.  De  Boucherville,  to 
whom  his  Honor,  the  Lieutenant-Governor,  en- 
trusted the  reins  of  power,  Mr.  Pelletier  was  en- 
trusted with  the  portfolio  of  Provincial  Secretary, 
which  he  retained  after  the  re-organization  of  the 
Cabinet  by  the  Hon.  L.  O.  Taillon,  December  i6th, 
1892.  Upon  the  transfer  of  the  premiership  from 
the  Hon.  Mr.  Taillon  to  the  Hon.  E.  J.  Flynn,  May 
ist,  1896,  Mr.  Pelletier  accepted  the  portfolio  of 
Attorney-General,  retaining  it  until  the  defeat  of 
the  Government  at  the  polls,  May  nth,  1897. 

Since  the  Liberals  regained  power,  Mr.  Pelletier 
has  been  one  of  the  most  aggressive  and  effective 
leaders  of  the  Conservative  Opposition  in  the  Legisla- 
ture, a  position  for  which  he  is  eminently  suited  by 
reason  of  his  untiring  energy  and  keen  debating  ca- 

Mr.  Pelletier  was  married  January  nth,  1883,  to 
Adele,  daughter  of  the  late  Simon  Lelievre,  advocate, 
of  Quebec. 

Last  year  Laval  University  conferred  upon  him  the 
degree  of  L.L.D.  Mr.  Pelletier  has  been  retained  in 
nearly  all  the  celebrated  cases  before  the  courts  in 
this  district. 

He  is  the  legal  advisor  of  the  People's  Bank  of 
Halifax,  the  Hochelaga  Bank,  the  Manufacturer's  Life 
Insurance  Company,  the  Canadian  Electric  Light 
Company,  the  Provincial  Bank,  and  a  number  of  im- 
portant commercial  corporations. 

Mr.  Pelletier  is  a  member  of  the  Garrison  Club. 



The  President  and  General  Manager  of  the  Massey- 
Harris  Company,  Limited,  of  Toronto  ,  which  enjoys 
the  unique  distinction  of  being  the  largest  concern  en- 
gaged in  the  manufacture  of  agricultural  implements 
under  the  British  flag,  is  the  Hon.  Lynian  Melvin- 
Jones,  Senator.  He  was  born  in  York  County,  Out. 
In  1868  he  entered  into  the  mercantile  business.  In 
1873  he  gave  up  his  business,  going  to  Brantford 
to  take  a  position  with  Messrs.  A.  Harris,  Son  &  Com- 
pany, manufacturers.  Four  years  later  he  was  admit- 
ted to  partnership,  and  in  1879  he  removed  to  Winni- 
peg, where  he  assumed  the  management  of  the  Com- 
pany's business  in  Manitoba  and  the  North-West  Ter- 
ritories. In  1881,  when  the  firm  of  A.  Harris,  Son  & 
Company  became  a  joint  stock  company  under  the 
name  of  A.  Harris,  Son  &  Company,  Limited,  he 
was  elected  a  director.  In  1886,  he  was  elected  an 
alderman  of  the  City  of  Winnipeg  and  appointed 
Chairman  of  the  Finance  Committee.  He  was  elected 
Mayor  of  that  city  in  1887,  and  was  Vice- 1 'resident 
of  the  Board  of  Trade.  He  was  re-elected  Mayor 
both  years  by  acclamation,  and  in  January  of  that 
year,  upon  the  defeat  of  the  Provincial  Government, 
he  accepted  a  portfolio  in  the  new  Government  as 
Provincial  Treasurer,  and  represented  the  County  of 
Shoal  Lake.  During  the  year  he  negotiated  in  Lon- 
don, Eng.,  for  the  first  Provincial  loan  of  $1,500,000 
to  build  a  competing  line  of  railway  from  the 
boundary  (where  it  connected  with  the  Northern 
Pacific),  to  Winnipeg,  Brandon  and  Portage-la- 
Prairie.  In  the  general  election  of  1888,  he  was 
elected  to  represent  North  Winnipeg. 

Resigning  his  position  of  Provincial  Treasurer  in 
1889,  but  retaining  his  seat  in  the  Legislature  until  the 
end  of  the  term,  he  returned  to  the  City  of  Brantford 
to  accept  the  position  of  General  Manager  of  his  Com- 
pany, which  had  been  rendered  vacant  by  the  sudden* 
death  of  Mr.  John  Harris. 

Upon  the  formation  of  the  Massey-Harris  Com- 
pany. Limited  in  1891,  Senator  Melvin-Jones  removed 

to  Toronto,  was  elected  a  director  and  appointed  gen- 
eral manager  of  the  consolidated  companies,  which 
position  he  occupied  until  1903,  when  he  was  also 
elected  President  and  General  Manager  of  the  com- 
pany. In  1893  he  became  a  member  of  the  Toronto 
Board  of  Trade,  lie  is  a  director  of  the  Verity  Plow 
Company,  Limited,  of  Brantford,  and  is  President  of 
the  Bain  Wagon  Company,  Limited,  of  Woodstock, 
and  in  both  of  these  associate  companies  he  takes  an 
active  interest.  He  is  also  a  director  of  the  Cana- 
dian Bank  of  Commerce,'  Xova  Scotia  Steel  and 
C'oal  Co.,  Limited,  and  Ontario  Jockey  Club. 

Senator  Melvin-Jones  is  a  member  of  the  Toronto 
Club,  the  National  Club,  the  Country  and  Hunt  Club, 
the  Royal  Canadian  Yacht  Club,  life  member  of  the 
Toronto  Cricket  Club,  lie  has  always  shown  a 
great  interest  and  encouraged  the  practice  and  devel- 
opment of  amateur  sports. 

In  1882  Senator  Melvin-Jones  married  Louise,  a 
daughter  of  Thomas  Irwin.  They  have  one  daughter; 
Eallien  Necora.  The  Senator  is  a  member  of  the 
Presbyterian  Church.  The  Senator  is  possessed  of 
unusual  keen  powers  of  observation  and  as  head  of  a 
great  industry  in  touch  with  all  parts  of  the  Dominion 
of  Canada  and  all  foreign  grain  growing  countries,  is 
exceptionally  well  posted  regarding  affairs  both  in 
Canada  and  foreign  countries.  This  wide  general 
knowledge,  coupled  to  good  judgment  and  lucidity  of 
expression,  makes  his  opinion  on  matters  of  general 
interest  valuable  and  eagerly  sought  after.  No  other 
man  in  Canada  has  done  so  much  to  develop  our 
manufacturing  industries,  not  only  for  home,  but 
in  foreign  countries,  where  through  the  introduction 
of  their  machinery  the  company,  of  which  he  is  Presi- 
dent and  General  Manager,  have  made  a  name  for 
themselves  (and  for  Canada)  unequalled  by  any 
other  industry  in  the  world.  Altogether,  he  may 
well  be  considered  among  the  most  representative 
Canadians  of  his  time. 



Mr.  James  Crathern,  merchant,  No.  22  Macgregor 
Street,  Montreal,  formerly  head  of  the  great  hardware 
firm  of  Crathern  and  Caverhill,  is  one  of  Montreal's 
representative  men.  He  is  an  ex-President  of  the 
Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  and  at  present  occupies  a 
seat  on  the  Montreal  Harbor  Commission  as  a  repre- 
sentative of  that  important  body. 

He  is  closely  identified  with  the  administration  of 
many  of  the  country's  most  influential  commercial  cor- 
porations, being  President  of  the  Merchant's  Cotton 

Company  and  the  Royal  Victoria  Life  Insurance  Com- 
pany, and  a  Director  of  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Com- 
merce, the  St.  Lawrence  Sugar  Refining  Company, 
the  National  Trust  Company,  and  the  Consumer's  Cor- 
dage Company. 

Mr.  Crathern  has  for  many  years  taken  an  active 
interest  in  the  work  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital 
and  other  city  charities,  and  is  at  the  present  time 
President  of  the  important  institution  mentioned. 




The  Honorable  Thomas  Chase-Casgrain,  K.C., 
L  L.D.,  M.P.,  for  Montmorency,  was  born  at  Detroit, 
Mich.,  U.S.A.,  July  28th,  1852.  His  parents  were 
the  Honorable  C.  E.  Casgrain,  M.D.,  of  Windsor,  Out., 
Member  of  the  Senate  of  Canada,  and  a  descendant 
of  one  of  the  oldest  French-Canadian  families,  and 
Charlotte  Mary  Chase,  his  wife.  Mr.  T.  Chase-Cas- 
grain received  his  education  at  the  Seminary  of  Que- 
bec, and  Laval  University,  Quebec,  graduating  from 
the  last  named  institution  with  the  degree  of  Master 
of  Laws,  siimma  cum  laudc,  and  taking  the  Dufferin 
medal.  He  at  once  entered  upon  the  practice  of  his 
profession  in  Quebec.  He  was  granted  the  degree 
of  Doctor  of  Law  by  his  alma  mater  October  I3th, 
1883,  and  has  for  some  years  held  a  chair  in  the  fac- 
ulty as  Professor  of  Criminal  Law.  He  was  appoint- 
ed Queen's  Council  in  April,  1887,  and  represented  the 
Crown  during  several  terms  of  the  Court  of  Queen's 
Bench,  at  Quebec.  As  junior  counsel  for  the  Crown 
at  the  trials  of  Louis  Kiel  and  the  rebels  at  Regina, 
N.W.T.,  in  July,  1885,  his  name  came  prominently  be- 
fore the  people  of  Canada.  He  received  the  high 
destination  of  election  to  the  office  of  Batonnier-Gen- 
eral  of  the  Bar  of  the  Province  of  Quebec  in  1894,  and 
from  1893  to  1897  held  the  appointment  of  Chairman 
of  the  Commission  to  revise  the  Code  of  Procedure 
in  the  Province  of  Quebec.  At  the  present  time  he 

is  a  member  of  two  distinct  influential  law  firms : — 
"McGibbon,  Casgrain,  Ryan  &  Mitchell,"  Montreal ; 
and  "Casgrain,  Lavery,  Rivard  and  Chauveau,"  Que- 
bec. Fie  has  resided  in  Montreal  for  several  years.  An 
ardent  Conservative,  and  possessed  of  fine  oratorical 
powers,  combined  with  the  talents  of  wit,  repartee  and 
fine  sarcasm,  it  was  but  natural  that  he  should  take  to 
and  make  a  mark  in  the  political  arena.  He  sat  in  the 
Legislative  Assembly  of  the  Province  of  Quebec  from 
the  general  elections  of  1886  until  May,  1896,  \vhen 
he  resigned  to  accept  nomination  to  the  Dominion 
House  of  Commons. 

He  was  appointed  member  of  the  Executive  Coun- 
cil of  the  Province  of  Quebec  December  2Oth,  1891, 
becoming  Attorney-General  in  the  l)e  Boucherville 
administration.  He  was  subsequently  alloted  the 
same  portfolio  in  the  Taillon  administration.  He 
was  elected  to  the  House  of  Commons  in  Mont- 
morency in  1896,  and  re-elected  at  the  general 
election  of  1900. 

May  151)1,  1878,  he  was  married  to  Marie  Louise, 
daughter  of  Alex.  LeMoine,  Esq.,  Quebec,  and  they 
have  one  son,  Alexander  Chase-Casgrain. 

The  Hon.  T.  Chase-Casgrain  is  a  member  of  the 
Garrison  Club,  Quebec ;  the  St.  James  Club,  Montreal ; 
and  the  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa. 



Mr.  Arthur  J.  Hodgson,  merchant,  Montreal, 
President  of  the  firm  of  Hodgson  Brothers,  Limited, 
Produce  and  Commission  merchants,  was  born  in 
Birkcnhead,  England,  in  1860,  and  educated  at  the 
Liverpool  Institute,  Mount  Pleasant.  L:pon  the  com- 
pletion of  his  education,  he  entered  the  service  of  the 
great  Liverpool  produce  house  of  Hodgson  Bros., 
established  by  his  father  in  1856.  The  Liver- 
pool house  established  a  branch  here  in  1874,  and 
the  firm  of  Hodgson  Brothers  is  the  successor  of  the 
business  thus  established,  and  the  oldest  in  the  trade. 
The  present  members  of  the  Canadian  firm  are  Mr. 
Arthur  J.  Hodgson,  and  his  brother  Mr.  Henry  A. 
Hodgson.  The  latter  came  to  Montreal  in  1874  to 
assume  charge  of  the  Canadian  business,  and  is  an 
active  and  well-known  citizen  of  Montreal,  who  has 
held  various  positions  of  honor,  including  that  of 
President  of  the  St.  George's  Society. 

Mr.  Arthur  J.  Hodgson,  held  most  of  the  posi- 
tions connected  with  the  English  business  until  1885, 
when  he  came  to  Montreal  to  join  his  brother,  owing 
to  the  prospects  of  increasing  prosperity  in  Canada. 
In  1891  it  was  decided,  owing  to  the  difficulty  of  the 
Canadian  branch  competing  for  the  custom  of  other 
Liverpool  merchants  outside  of  the  home  firm,  to  make 

the  branch  at  Montreal  a  separate  and  distinct  busi- 
ness. Accordingly  the  brothers,  Henry  and  Arthur 
Hodgson,  retired  from  their  partnership  in  the  Eng- 
lish firm,  and  succeeded  to  the  entire  ownership  and 
control  of  the  present  Canadian  house.  The  wisdom 
of  the  policy  of  this  arrangement  has  been  amply 
proven  by  the  steady  growth  taking  place  each  year 
since  the  change  in  the  Canadian  business,  the  turn- 
over increasing  from  $1,500,000  during  the  year  pro- 
ceeding the  change  to  nearly  $5,000,000  for  the  year 
succeeding.  The  firm  has  a  special  agent  in  Win- 
nipeg, and  has  also  branches  at  Stratford,  London, 
Xapanee,  Belleville,  Brockville,  St.  Hyachinthe  and 

Mr.  Arthur  J.  Hodgson  is  a  very  active  and  pro- 
minent member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  after 
serving  two  years  as  a  member  of  the  council,  being 
elected  and  serving  successively  as  Treasurer,  second 
Vice-President  and  President.  He  occupied  the  last 
named  important  office  at  the  time  of  the  holding  of 
the  fifth  Congress  of  the  Chambers  of  Commerce  of 
the  Empire  in  Montreal,  in  1903,  the  position  impos- 
ing many  responsible  duties  upon  him,  which  he  dis- 
charged with  conspicuous  success. 


One  of  the  most  prominent  merchants  in  the  city  of 
Toronto,  Noel  George  Lambert  Marshall,  was  born /in 
London,  England,  coming  with  his  parents  to  Canada 
in  1857.  His  father,  Kenric  R.  Marshall,  who  was  a 
brilliant  linguist,  established  an  academy  in  Toronto, 
and,  subsequently,  for  many  years,  was  one  of  the  lead- 
ing teachers  of  languages  in  the  High  Schools  of  the 
city.  Noel  Marshall,  after  completing  his  education, 
entered  the  employ  of  L.  Coffee  &  Company,  remain- 
ing with  that  firm  for  three  years.  He  then  obtained 
a  position  with  George  Chaffey  &  Brothers,  coal  mer- 
chants, and  gained  a  thorough  and  expert  knowledge 
of  the  fuel  industry  in  all  its  branches,  and  has  ever 
since  been  engaged  therein.  He  is  the  President 
and  General  Manager  of  the  Standard  Fuel  Company, 
of  Toronto,  Limited,  of  No.  90  King  street  East,  which 
was  incorporated  in  1888,  and,  indeed,  has  been  man- 
ager of  that  well-known  enterprise  from  the  first  incep- 
tion of  its  now  extensive  business. 

In  connection  with  his  association  with  the  fuel  in- 
dustry, Mr.  Marshall  earned  the  gratitude  of  his  fellow 
citizens,  by  being  actively  concerned  during  the  winter 
of  1902-1903,  when  the  coal  famine  was  raging  over 
the  North  American  Continent,  in  keeping  down  the 
prices  as  low  as  possible,  the  poorer  classes  especially 
looking  upon  him  as  a  public  benefactor  in  that  time  of 
misfortune.  His  philanthropic  efforts  in  this  direc- 

tion have  been  undoubtedly,  if  unexpected,  rewarded, 
by  the  rapid  expansion  of  the  business  interests  of  the 
company  which  he  manages. 

Mr.  Marshall  has  always  taken  a  keen  interest  in 
the  prosperity  of  the  city  of  Toronto,  is  a  member  of 
the  Council  of  the  Hoard  of  Trade,  and  was  a  member 
of  the  Toronto  School  Hoard,  being  Chairman  of  the 
Night  School  Committee.  He  is  President  of  the 
Faramel  Feed  Company. 

Noel  Marshall  is  an  important  figure  in  Toronto 
Society.  He  is  President  of  the  .National  Club,  a  life 
member  of  the  St.  George's  Society,  a  member  of  the 
Albany,  Royal  Canadian  Yacht.  Toronto  Country  and 
Hunt,  and  Caledon  Fishing  Clubs,  and  the  Kuffalo 
Club.  He  has  always  been  an  active  participant  in 
the  sports  of  yachting,  fishing,  cricket,  lacrosse,  was  an 
oarsman  in  his  time  of  no  small  merit,  and,  in  fact,  is 
a  staunch  supporter  of  athletics  and  all  manly  outdoor 

For  twenty  years  Xoel  Marshall  has  been  a 
church-warden  of  St.  Matthew's  Church,  Toronto, 
having  assisted  in  laying  the  corner  stone  of  the 
edifice,  and  was  one  of  its  founders.  On  the  loth 
of  December,  1879,  he  was  married  to  a  daughter  of 
John  Hogg,  J.P.,  and  has  two  sons:  Kenric  R..  and 
Noel  Clifford  Marshall.  His  residence  is  at  No.  623 
Sherbourne  street. 



The  Honorable  John  Charles  McCorkill,  King's 
Counsel  and  Provincial  Treasurer  of  the  Province  of 
Quebec,  was  born  at  Farnham,  P.Q.,  August  3ist, 
1854.  His  father,  the  late  Robt.  McCorkill,  who  died 
June,  1874,  was  a  country  gentleman,  having  no 
occupation,  who  assisted  in  organizing  the  Goth  Mis- 
sisquoi  Uattalion  after  the  Fenian  Raid  of  1866.  He 
was  appointed  captain  of  No.  4  Company,  with  head- 
quarters at  Farnham,  and  was  present  with  his  com- 
pany at  Fccles  Hill,  Fenian  Raid  of  1870.  He  moved 
his  family  to  Montreal  in  1866,  to  give  his  three  sons 
the  advantages  of  a  better  education  than  the  school 
at  Farnham  afforded.  The  Hon.  Mr.  McCorkill's 
mother,  whose  maiden  name  was  Margaret  Meighan, 
died  at  Farnham  in  October,  1888.  His  paternal 
grandfather,  John  McCorkill,  and  wife,  Mary  Graham, 
immigrated  from  Glasgow,  Scotland,  about  1818,  and 
lived  a  short  time  at  Mount  Johnson,  County  of  Iber- 
ville,  and  at  Chambly,  and  then  took  up  land  at 
Farnham  on  the  banks  of  the  Yamaska  (where  Dr. 
R.  C.  McCorkill,  grandson,  now  resides),  and  was  one 
of  the  pioneers  of  that  locality,  and  erected  the  third 
house  at  what  is  now  known  as  the  town  of  Farnham. 
He  died  about  1834.  His  maternal  grandfather,  Wil- 
liam Meighan,  died  in  north  of  Ireland.  His  widow, 
Jane  Breakey  and  family,  immigrated  to  Canada  and 
settled  in  the  Eastern  Townships,  a  short  distance  from 
Farnham.  Part  of  the  family  afterwards  removed  to 
the  United  States. 

Hon.  Mr.  McCorkill  was  educated  at  the  Farnham 
District  School  and  Academy ;  the  St.  John's,  P.  Q. 
High  School,  the  McGill  Model  School  and  Normal 
School,  Montreal,  and  at  McGill  University,  Montreal, 
graduating  from  the  last  named  institution  of  learn- 
ing with  the  degree  of  B.C.L.  in  April,  1877.  During 
two  years  of  his  law  course  at  McGill,  he  engaged  in 
educational  work  in  Montreal,  as  first  assistant  in  the 
Royal  Arthur  School  from  1st  of  October  to  Christmas 
holidays,  1874;  and  as  principal  of  the  British  & 
Canadian  School  (14  teachers  and  500  scholars)  from 
January,  1875,  to  June,  1876,  under  the  Protestant 
board  of  school  commissioners. 

Mr.  McCorkill  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  of  ihe 
Province  of  Quebec,  in  January,  1878,  and  practised 
law  in  Montreal  until  the  autumn  of  1886.  He  has 
practised  law  continuously  at  Cowansville  or  Sweets- 

burg  (which  are  adjacent  villages)  since  May,  1888, 
and  has  been  connected  with  some  of  the  most  impor- 
tant cases,  criminal,  civil  and  municipal,  in  that  dis- 
trict, since  that  time.  He  took  silk  in  1898.  He  ii 
the  owner  of  extensive  properties  in  the  town  and 
township  of  Farnham,  and  occupies  an  extensive  resi- 
dential property  in  Cowansville,  which  is  admitted  to 
be  one  of  the  finest  in  the  Eastern  Townships. 

Mr.  McCorkill  was  Liberal  candidate  in  the  Pro- 
vincial election,  October  1886,  against  E.  E.  Spencer, 
the  retiring  member  in  the  County  of  Missisquoi.  He 
was  then  a  resident  of  Montreal,  and  was  defeated  by 
105  majority.  He  was  again  a  candidate  against 
Spencer  in  the  bye-election  of  1888,  and  again  defeated 
by  91.  He  then  organized  the  Liberal  Association,  of 
Missisquoi,  and  was  elected  president,  since  which 
time  he  has  continued  to  be  president  and  direct  the 
organization  of  the  party.  He  was  elected  in  the 
Provincial  elections,  1897,  over  his  old  opponent  E. 
E.  Spencer,  by  405  majority.  Ht  resigned  his  seat 
in  the  Assembly  to  accept  a  seat  in  the  Legislative 
Council  as  successor  to  the  late  Hon.  Thomas  Wood 
for  the  District  of  Bedford,  November,  1898,  and 
took  an  active  part  in  all  legislation  which  before 
the  council.  Upon  the  death  of  the  late  Hon.  H. 
Thomas  Duffy,  Provincial  Treasurer,  he  was  offered 
the  treasurership  and  the  Liberal  nomination  ;n 
Brome.  He  resigned  his  seat  in  the  council,  and  was 
elected  member  for  Brome  by  338  majority  over 
David  A.  Manson,  Conservative  on  the  2gth  of 
October,  1903. 

Mr.  McCorkill  accepted  a  commission  in  the  5th 
Battalion  Royal  Scots  of  Canada,  Montreal,  April, 
1879,  anfl  rosc  to  rank  °f  niajor,  being  senior  major, 
when  he  retired  November,  1887,  retaining  rank.  He 
is  president  of  the  Amalgamated  Rifle  Associations 
(six  in  number),  of  the  District  of  Bedford,  whose 
annual  matches  take  place  at  Sweetsburg. 

May  2  ist,  1884,  he  married  Apphia  Mary  Leonard, 
youngest  daughter  of  the  late  Honorable  Senator 
Leonard,  of  London,  Ont.  Mr.  McCorkill  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Garrison  Club,  Quebec ;  the  Canadian  Order 
of  Foresters  and  the  Independent  Order  of  Odd- 
fellows. Mr.  McCorkill  was  mayor  of  Cowansville 
for  several  years,  resigning  in  January,  1897. 



Mr.  Louis  Alexandre  Taschereau,  M.L.A.,  of  Que- 
bec, advocate,  was  born  in  the  city  of  Quebec,  March 
5th,  1867,  his  father  being  the  Hon.  Jean  Thomas  Tas- 
chereau, Judge  of  the  Supreme  Court  of  Canada,  and 
time  Lieutenant-Governor  of  the  Province  of  Quebec. 
Mr.  Taschereau  belongs  to  one  of  the  most  eminent 
French-Canadian  families  in  the  province  of  Quebec,  a 
family  which  has  provided  Church  and  State  with 
some  of  their  most  distinguished  men  and  brightest 
ornaments.  His  ancestors  came  to  Canada  from  Tours, 
France,  and  he  is  a  brother  of  Judge  Henri  T.  Tasche- 
reau of  the  Superior  Court,  Montreal,  a  nephew  of  the 
late  Cardinal  Taschereau,  and  a  cousin  of  Sir  Henri 
Elzear  Taschereau,  Chief  Justice  of  the  Supreme  Court 
of  Canada. 

Mr.  Taschereau  was  educated  at  the  Quebec  Semin- 
ary and  Laval  University,  where  he  had  the  distinction 
of  winning  medals  offered  by  Lord  Stanley  of  Preston, 
at  the  time  Governor-General  of  Canada  ;  Lieut. -Gov- 
ernor Angers  and  Judge  Tessier.  He  was  admitted  to 
the  Bar  in  1889,  and  entered  into  partnership  with  the 

Hon.  C.  Fitzpatrick,  now  Minister  of  Justice  of  Can- 
ada. The  firm  is  now  Fitzpatrick,  Parent,  Taschereau, 
Roy  &  Cannon.  The  Hon.  S.  N.  Parent  is,  at  the  pre- 
sent time,  Prime  .Minister  of  the  Province  of  Quebec, 
and  has  been  for  many  years  mayor  of  the  city  of  Que- 
bec. This  firm  occupies  a  commanding  position  at  the 
Quebec  liar,  representing  various  leading  banks  and 
commercial  corporations,  such  as  the  Hank  of  Mont- 
real, the  Molsons  l>ank,  etc.  Mr.  Taschereau  has  a 
large  personal  practice  in  both  the  civil  and  criminal 
courts,  his  marked  success  as  counsel  for  Messrs. 
Gaynor  and  Greene  in  the  historical  extradition  pro- 
ceedings being  still  fresh  in  the  minds  of  all  Canadians. 
Mr.  Taschereau  is  a  Liberal  in  politics,  and  since 
December,  1900,  when  he  defeated  his  opponent,  Mr. 
E.  Bouffard,  by  61 1  majority,  he  has  representel  the 
county  of  Montmorency  in  the  Quebec  Legislature. 
He  was  married  May  26th,  1891,  to  Miss  Adine 
Dionne,  of  Quebec,  and  their  family  consists  of  five 
children,  Paul,  Robert,  Gabrielle  Charles  and  Juliette. 



Samuel  Carsley,  the  founder  of  the  great  down- 
town departmental  dry  goods  business,  now  known  as 
the  S.  Carsley  Company  (Limited),  Montreal,  and 
which  business  ranks  among  the  largest  of  its  kind  in 
Canada,  was  born  in  Shropshire,  England,  coming  to 
Canada  in  the  year  1857. 

Mr.  Carsley  was  apprenticed  to  the  dry  goods  trade 
when  a  mere  lad  in  the  market  town  of  Ellsmere,  and 
thus  begun  a  training  in  this  line,  which  was  continued 

for  a  few  years  in  the  great  centres  of  Liverpool,  Man- 
chester and  London,  before  embarking  for  Canada. 
Nearly  fifty  years  spent  in  this  country  has  resulted 
the   immense   mercantile  house   situated   on   Notre 


Dame,  St.  James  and  St.  Peter  streets,  Montreal,  which 
is  so  well-known  throughout  the  entire  country. 

Mr.  Carsley,  about  two  years  ago,  relinquished  the 
active  management  of  the  business  to  his  sons,  but  still 
remains  a  director  of  the  company. 



An  eminent  member  of  the  Chancery  Bar  in  To- 
ronto, few  lawyers  in  Canada  are  more  widely  known 
than  John  Hoskin,  K.C.,  LL.D.,  D.C.L.  He  was 
born  at  Holsworthy,  Devonshire,  England,  in 
May,  1836,  and  received  his  education  in  the 
English  metropolis.  Coming  to  Canada  in  1^54, 
he  was  called  to  the  Bar  in  1863,  and  has 
ever  since  practised  law  in  Toronto.  He  is  the  senior 
member  of  the  firm  of  McCarthy,  Osier,  Hoskin  & 
Harcourt,  having  been  a  partner  therein  since  1877. 
When  a  law  student  John  Hoskin  had  the  advantage 
of  studying  in  the  office  of  the  following  eminent 
members  of  the  Ontario  Bar,  the  late  Robert  Ar- 
mour, the  late  Chief  Justice  Sir  Matthew  Cameron, 
the  late  Chief  Justice  Sir  George  Burton  and  the  Right 
Honorable  Sir  Henry  Strong,  lately  Chief  Justice  of 
the  Supreme  Court.  From  1874  to  November,  1902, 
Mr.  Hoskin  held  the  office  of  Guardian  ad  litem  and 
official  Guardian  of  Infants  for  the  Province  of  Onta- 
rio, and  resigning  the  office  at  the  latter  date,  the  Gov- 
ernment appointed  him  Advisory  Counsel  to  his  suc- 
cesor.  In  1873  John  Hoskin  was  created  Queen's 
Counsel  by  the  Earl  of  Duffern,  and  was  first  elected 
a  Bencher  of  the  Law  Society,  1876.  He  is  a  Senator 

of  Toronto  University  (Hon.  LL.D.,  1889),  am'  was 
elected  Chairman  of  the  Board  of  Trustees  of  that  in- 
stitution, vice  Hon.  E.  Blake  on  his  appointment  as 
Chancellor  in  1892.  He  was,  however,  an  unsuccess- 
ful candidate  in  1895  for  the  Vice-Chancellorship  of 
Toronto  University. 

Mr.  Hoskin  is  intimately  connected  with  numerous 
financial  and  mercantile  corporations,  being  on  the 
directorate  of  the  Canada  Life  Assurance  Company, 
of  the  Bank  of  Commerce  and  of  the  ISritish  American 
Assurance  Company,  a  Vice-President  of  the  Canada 
Landed  and  National  Investment  Company,  and  Presi-, 
dent  of  the  Toronto  General  Trust  Corporation.  He 
has  been  authoritatively  described  as  a  man  of  great 
business  experience,  fine  ability  and  good  judgment. 

Mr.  Hoskin  takes  the  deepest  interest  in  all  works 
of  a  charitable  and  philanthropic  character.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Toronto  Club,  and  of  the  Grosvenor 
Club,  London.  England. 

In  1866  John  Hoskin  married  Mary  Agnes,  daugh- 
ter of  the  late  Walter  Mackenzie,  Barrister-at-Law,  of 
Castle  Frank,  Toronto.  He  resides  at  the  Dale,  To- 


The  Honorable  Lomer  Gouin,  K.C.,  28  St.  Denis 
Street,  Montreal,  Advocate  and  Minister  of  Coloniza- 
tion and  Public  Works  for  the  Province  of  Quebec, 
was  born  at  Grondines,  Que.,  March  iQth,  1861,  his 
father  being-  N.  Gouin,  M.D.,  a  well-known  local 

Mr.  Gouin's  classical  studies  were  made  at  the 
Sorel  and  Lcvis  colleges  ;  his  law  studies  in  Montreal, 
first  under  Mr.,  afterwards  Sir  J.  J.  C.  Abbott,  Q.C., 
and  then  under  Hon.  R.  Laflame,  former  Minister  of 
Justice.  His  first  partnership  after  being;  admited 
to  the  Bar  in  January,  1884,  was  with  the  present 
Judge  Pagnuelo  and  the  Hon.  L.  O.  Taillon.  He 
has  since  been  associated  with  the  Hon.,  now  Judge 
Robidoux,  Mr.,  now  Hon.  Raymond  Prefontaine,  the 
late  E.  N.  Saint-Jean,  Q.C.,  the  late  Hon.  Honore 
Mercier,  Mr.  Rodolphc  Lemieux,  M.P.,  and  Mr. 
Evariste  Brassard,  the  firm's  name  now  being  Gouin, 
Lemieux  &  Brassard. 

Mr.  Gouin  soon  made  a  mark  for  himself  at  the 
Bar,  especially  in  railway  and  election  cases.  He 
has  frequently  appeared  in  important  cases  for  such 
influential  corporations  as  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway, 
the  Montreal  and  Chaplain  Railway  Company,  the 
Beauharnois  Railway  Company,  the  Chateauguay 
Northern  Ry.  Co.,  and  the  Montreal  Terminal  Rail- 
way Co.,  invariably  with  credit  to  himself. 

A  strong  liberal,  and  possessed  of  a  good  command 
of  language  and  close  reasoning  capacity,  he  was, 
while  yet  a  young  man,  drawn  into  the  whirl  of  poli- 
tics, and  figured  conspicuously  in  the  work  of  the  lib- 
eral clubs  of  Montreal  district.  In  1891,  he  was  ten- 
dered and  accepted  the  nomination  to  contest  the 

County  of  Richelieu  in  the  Liberal  interest  against 
Sir  Hector  Langevin,  the  then  Minister  of  Public 
Works,  who  defeated  him  by  a  narrow  majority.  In 
the  general  elections  of  1897,  as  the  party  candidate 
for  the  Provincial  Legislature  in  Montreal,  No.  2  Di- 
vision (St.  Jamesj,  he  was  elected  by  a  round  majority 
over  Mr.  Auger,  M.P.P.,  which  seat  he  has  held  ever 

In  February,  1900,  Mr.  Gouin  was  elected  to  a 
seat  in  the  Montreal  City  Council  as  alderman  for  the 
East  Ward,  but  resigned  a  few  months  later  upon  re- 
ceiving the  portfolio  of  Public  Works  in  the  Parent 
administration,  to  which  the  oortfolio  of  Colonization 
was  added  the  next  year.  His  official  work  has  been 
characterized  by  the  exercise  of  sound  common  sense, 
while  his  special  talent  as  a  cool,  capable  debater,  has 
been  a  great  strength  to  the  government  on  the  floor 
of  the  Legislature  and  in  electoral  contests. 

Mr.  Gouin  has  been  a  member  of  the  Catholic  sec- 
tion of  the  Council  of  Public  Instruction  for  three 
years.  One  of  his  latest  legislative  achievements 
was  having  the  age-limit  for  admission  to  factory  labor 
raised  from  12  to  13  years.  He  has  always  been  a 
forcible  defender  of  Montreal's  civic  autonomy  in  the 
Quebec  House. 

In  1888  Mr.  Gouin  was  married  to  Eliza,  daughter 
of  the  late  Hon.  Honore  Mercier,  and  their  surviv- 
ing family  consists  of  two  sons,  Leon  Mercier 
Gouin  and  Paul  Gouin. 

Mr.  Gouin  is  a  member  of  the  Club  Canadien, 
Montreal,  the  St.  Denis  Club,  Montreal,  the  Montreal 
Reform  Club,  and  the  Garrison  Club,  Quebec. 



Hugh  Andrew  Allan,  the  head  of  the  firm  of  H. 
and  A.  Allan,  the  representatives  of  the  famous  Allan 
Steamship  Line  in  Montreal,  was  born  in  that  city  on 
the  22nd  September,  1857.  He  is  the  second  son  of 
of  the  late  Andrew  Allan,  the  former  head  of  the 
firm,  and  President  of  the  Merchants  Bank  of  Canada, 
his  grandfather  being  Captain  Alexander  Allan,  the 
founder  of  the  Allan  Line.  Hugh  Andrew  Allan  was 
educated  at  the  Merchiston  Castle  School,  Edinburgh, 
and  completed  his  studies  at  Rugby  School,  under 
those  well-known  head  masters,  Dr.  Hayman  and  Dr. 
Jex.  Blake.  Returning  to  Canada  Mr.  Allan  spent 
three  years  in  the  Merchants  Bank  of  Canada,  he  then 
entered  the  offices  of  the  Allan  Line,  working  through 
every  department  and  thoroughly  mastering  the  ship- 
ping business  in  all  its  details. 

In  1880,  when  the  firm  opened  branch  offices  in 
Boston,  Massachusetts,  Mr.  H.  A.  Allan  went  to  that 
city  in  the  capacity  of  Assistant  Manager,  remaining 
there  two  years,  then  he  resumed  his  duties  at  the 
Montreal  headquarters.  After  marrying  in  Quebec 
in  1884,  he  returned  to  Boston  in  1887,  and  assumed 
entire  control  of  that  branch.  For  five  years  he  oc- 
cupied that  position,  until  in  1892,  he  took  charge  of 
the  business  of  this  firm,  which  he  still  manages,  in 
conjunction  with  his  brother  Andrew.  Mr.  H.  A. 
Allan  personally  directs  the  London  and  Liverpool 
business  of  the  Allan  Company,  Mr.  Andrew  Allan 
Superintending  its  Glasgow  interests. 

The  principal  recreation  of  Hugh   Andrew  Allan 

in  his  leisure  time,  has  ben  fox-hunting,  an  expert 
horseman  from  boyhood,  he  takes  a  keen  delight  in 
horses  and  hounds.  In  1879  he  established  the  Ard- 
gowmi  pack  of  fox-hounds,  importing  them  from 
Kngland.  He  hunted  this  pack  from  Lachine  over 
the  western  part  of  the  island  as  far  as  St.  Ann's.  In 
connection  with  the  Myopia  Club  of  Boston,  Mr. 
Alhn,  in  1881,  started  a  fine  pack  of  hounds,  hunting 
them  from  Winchester  first,  and  subsequently  from 
Wenham  and  Hamilton.  Riding  has  always  been  the 
chief  occupation  of  the  leisure  moments  of  Mr.  Allan's 
life,  snatched,  as  they  are,  from  the  hard  routine  of 
the  heavy  duties  attached  to  his  large  business  inter- 
ests, but  he  has  always  also  been  a  hearty  supporter 
of  all  manly  outdoor  exercises  and  sports. 

Mr.  H.  A.  Allan  is  President  of  the  Montreal  Tele- 
graph Company,  a  director  of  the  Merchants  Bank  of 
Canada,  the  Canada  Paper  Company,  the  Canadian 
Rubber  Company,  the  Allan  Line  Steamship  Company, 
and  the  Acadia  Coal  Company,  Nova  Scotia.  He 
is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  the  St.  James 
Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream,  Racquet  and  Golf  Clubs 
of  Montreal,  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht  Club,  and 
the  Garrison  Club,  of  Quebec. 

In  1884,  Hugh  Andrew  Allan  married  the  daughter 
of  William  Rae,  the  representative  of  the  Allan  Line 
in  Quebec,  and  has  one  child,  Margaret  Rachel  Allan. 
He  resides  at  289  Stanley  Street,  Montreal,  his  county 
seat  being  at  The  Knoll,  Point  Claire. 



The  Hon.  Horace  Archambcault,  L.L.L.,  L  L.D., 
K.C  Speaker  of  the  Legislative  Council  and  Attorney 
General  for  the  Province  of  Quebec,  was  born  at  L'As- 
somption,  P.Q.,  March  6th,  1857,  and  was  the  son  of 
the  la<^  Hon.  Louis  Archambeault,  formerly  Commis- 
sioner of  Public  Works  for  the  Province  of  Quebec  in 
the  Chauveau  and  Ouimet  Governments,  and  Elizabeth 
Dugal,  his  wife. 

He  was  educated  at  L'Assomption  College,  and 
taking  up  the  study  of  the  law,  followed  the  course  at 
Laval  University,  Quebec,  graduating  with  the  degree 
of  L.L.L.  (summa  cum  laudc)  in  1878,  and  taking  the 
degree  of  L  L.D.  in  course  in  1886.  He  was  called  to 
the  Bar  in  1878,  has  since  practiced  his  profession  in 
Montreal,  and  is  at  the  present  time  a  member  of  the 
firm  of  Rainville,  Archambeault,  Gervais  &  Rainville. 

In  1 88 1,  he  was  appointed  Professor  of  Commer- 

cial and  Maritime  Law  at  Laval  University,  Montreal, 
and  has  retained  that  chair  ever  since. 

He  was  called  to  the  Legislative  Council  of  the 
Province,  June  5,  1888,  was  appointed  a  Member  of 
the  Council  of  Public  Instruction,  1890,  and  in  the 
same  year  was  created  a  Q.C.  by  the  Earl  of  Derby. 

On  the  formation  of  Mr.  Marchand's  Administration 
in  Quebec,  May,  1897,  Mr.  Archambeault  accepted 
office  therein  as  Attorney-General,  and  again,  in  1900, 
in  Mr.  Parent's  Administration,  he  accepted  the  same 
office.  He  has  thus  held  this  office  continuously  since 
May,  1897,  that  being  a  longer  continuous  official 
career  than  any  of  his  predecessors.  He  has  also  held 
for  the  same  period  of  time  the  position  of  Speaker  of 
the  Legislative  Council. 

In  religion  Mr.  Archambeault  is  a  Roman  Catholic, 
politically,  he  is  a  Liberal.  He  married,  September, 
1882,  Lizzie,  daughter  of  Roger  Lelievre,  of  Quebec. 



The  President  of  the  Great  North  Western  Tele- 
graph Company,  Harvey  Prentice  Dwight,  who  has 
long  been  known  as  "The  Father  of  Canadian  Tele- 
graphy," is  a  splendid  example  of  what  determined 
hard  work,  perseverance  and  undaunted  resolution 
can  accomplish.  He  was  born  at  Belleville,  Jefferson 
County,  New  York,  on  December  23rd,  1828,  his  an- 
cestors being  of  New  England  extraction,  and  with  no 
education  save  that  obtainable  at  a  backwoods  country 
school,  left  home  at  the  age  of  fifteen  and  spent  three 
years  in  a  small  country  store  in  ( )swego  County,  New 
V'ork.  In  1847, — tne  vt'ar  of  its  inception — he  entered 
the  service  of  the  Montreal  Telegraph  Compam, 
serving  first  as  operator  at  ISelleville,  Out.,  and  after- 
wards at  Montreal.  In  1850  he  took  charge  of  the 
Toronto  office  of  the  Company,  and  shortly  afterwards 
was  appointed  General  Western  Superintendent. 
While  acting  in  this  capacity,  extensions  were  proposed 
and  carried  out  throughout  the  whole  of  Western  On- 
tario under  his  direction.  When  an  amalgamation  of 
telegraph  interests  in  the  Dominion  was  brought  about 
in  1881,  and  the  lines  of  the  Montreal  and  Dominion 
Telegraph  Companies  were  merged  under  the  charter 
of  the  Great  North  Western  Telegraph  Company,  Air. 
Dwight  was  appointed  General  Manager  of  the  com- 
bined system.  He  was  elected  President  a  few  years 
later,  and  occupied  both  those  offices  until  October. 
1903,  when  he  retired  from  the  General  Managership 
of  the  Company,  retaining  the  office  of  President. 

Thus  for  upwards  of  fifty-six  years  he  has  devoted 
his  life  to  the  advancement  of  the  Canadian  telegraph 
service,  keeping  it  fully  up  to  modern  requirements, 
and  furthering  its  extensions,  until  it  has  developed 
into  the  present  existing  system.  To  Mr.  Dwight 

Canada  undoubtedly  owes  its  present  scale  of  cheap 
telegraph  rates. 

Mr.  Dwight  has  necessarily  avoided  any  associa- 
tion with  politics,  but  on  many  occasions  rendered  ser- 
vices of  the  utmost  importance  to  the  Government  of 
the  country.  During  the  Fenian  Raid  the  distribution 
of  operators  along  the  various  frontiers  where  trouble 
existed,  or  was  threatened,  was  placed  in  his  hands. 
During  the  North-West  rebellion  of  1885,  he  also  ren- 
dered signal  service  to  the  Government  along  similar 
lines,  his  services  in  this  connection  being  publicly 
acknowledged  in  Parliament  by  the  Minister  of  Mili- 
tia. Aside  from  his  connection  with  the  telegraph 
service.  Mr.  Dwight  is  first  Vice-President  of  the  Can- 
adian General  Electric  Company.  He  was  one  of  the 
pioneer  promoters  of  electric  lighting,  and  is  a  director 
of  the  Toronto  and  I  ondon  Electric  Companies,  Pres- 
ident of  the  Birkbeck  Investment  and  Savings  Company, 
Chairman  of  the  Investigating  Governors  of  the  Royal 
Canadian  Humane  Association,  and  has  identified  him- 
self with  the  progress  of  Toronto,  taking  an  active 
interest  in  the  civic  government  of  the  city. 

His  recreation  has  been  in  annual  hunting  and  fish- 
ing visits  to  the  Canadian  woods  in  Northern  Ontario 
and  New  Brunswick,  and  although  in  his  seventy-fifth 
yc'ir,  he  is  in  vigorous  health,  and  has  apparently  many 
years  of  useful  life  before  him,  for  eventually  a  man 
of  such  restless  energy,  will  undoubtedly  die  in  harness. 
He  encourages  golf,  being  a  member  of  the  Lambton 
Golf  Club,  and  he  is  also  a  member  of  the  Toronto 

On  November  29th,  1876,  Harvey  Prentice  Dwight 
married  Miss  Margaret  Helliwell,  of  Toronto.  His 
name  will  ever  be  indissolubly  connected  with  the  es- 
tablishment of  land  telegraphy  in  Canada. 


Mr.  Robert  Bowie,  Brewer, of  Brockville,  Ont,  was 
born  at  London,  Eng.,  in  1840.  His  father  was  Alli- 
son Bowie,  who  was  born  in  Glasgow  in  1811,  and  who 
came  to  Canada  with  his  family  in  the  service  of  the 
Imperial  government  in  1846,  to  open  and  take  charge 
of  the  military  prison  on  St.  Helen's  Island  opposite 
Montreal.  Mr.  Allison  Bowie  held  the  position  named 
until  his  death  in  1852.  His  wife,  Martha  Grasby, 
mother  of  Mr.  Robert  Bowie,  was  born  near  Hull, 
Yorkshire,  in  1818.  After  being  educated  at  the  High 
School  of  Montreal  and  the  Montreal  College,  Mr. 
Robert  Bowie  proceeded  to  Brockville  to  enter  a  groc- 
ery house,  serving  three  years  to  learn  the  trade.  From 
that  date  he  remained  engaged  in  mercantile  pursuits 
until  1880,  when  he  entered  into  partnership  in  the 
brewery  business  in  Brockville,  of  which  he  is  now  sole 
owner,  though  the  active  business  management  is  in 
the  hands  of  his  son  Allison.  Mr.  Bowie  has  always 
taken  a  very  active  interest  in  the  municipal  affairs  of 

the  Town  of  Brockville.  He  was  for  some  years  a 
member  of  the  town  council,  and  is  at  present  chairman 
of  the  Light  and  Power  Department.  One  of  Mr. 
Bowie's  principal  accomplishments  in  municipal  work 
was  his  being  largely  instrumental  in  securing  control 
for  the  corporation,  of  the  Brockville  waterworks, 
which  was  only  successful  after  many  defeats  and  re- 
burfs.  The  project  has  already  justified  itself  finan- 
cially, and  can  be  quoted  as  a  satisfactory  test  of  the 
principle  of  municipal  ownership.  Mr.  Bowie  had  the 
honor  of  being  elected  Mayor  of  Brockville  in  1882. 

He  was  connected  with  the  Active  Militia  force  of 
Canada  for  seventeen  years,  retiring  with  the  rank  of 
Captain  in  A.  Company,  Brockville,  at  present  No.  i 
Company,  4ist  Regiment. 

Mr.  Bowie  was  married  at  Brockville  in  1866  to 
Margaret  E.  McClean,  and  their  family  consists  of  two 
sons  and  four  daughters. 




Hugh  McLennan  was  born  in  Glengarry,  Ont, 
22nd  of  June,  1825,  being  the  second  son  of  John  Mc- 
Lennan. He  came  to  Montreal  in  1842,  and  entered 
the  firm  of  Scott  &  Shaw,  hardware  merchants.  With 
this  introduction  to  mercantile  life  he  turned  to  trans- 
portation on  the  St.  Lawrence,  with  which  he  remained 
identified  during  all  his  lifetime,  forming  in  1869  the 
Montreal  Transportation  Co.,  and  he  remained  Presi- 
dent of  this  company  until  his  death.  In  1854  he  joined 
his  brother  John  in  the  grain  export  business,  and  they 
remained  in  partnership  till  1866.  During  part  of  this 
time  Hugh  McLennan  lived  in  Chicago,  but  returned 
to  Montreal  in  the  latter  date,  when  'his  brother  John 
retired  from  active  business,  and  he  carried  on  the 
gram  export  trade  till  the  end  of  1898.  During  his 

business  career  in  .Montreal  he  was  identified  with 
many  of  the  commercial  interests  of  the  City,  serving 
his  term  as  President  of  the  Corn  Kxchange  and  Board 
of  Trade,  and  being  the  former  body's  representative 
on  the  Montreal  Harbor  Commission  for  twenty  years. 
He  was  a  Director  of  the  ISank  of  Montreal,  President 
of  the  Williams  Manufacturing  Co.,  Vice-President  of 
the  Montreal  Rolling  Mills,  Canada  Sugar  Refining 
Co.,  The  Montreal  Gas  Co..  and  also  a  Director  in  var- 
ious other  industrial  corporations.  He  took  a  great 
interest  in  the  McGill  University,  of  which  he  was  a 
Governor,  and  gave  much  of  his  time  during  the  later 
years  of  his  life  to  this  body.  He  died  suddenly  on  the 
2 ist  November,  1899. 



.Mr.  Hartlett  McLennan,  merchant,  Montreal,  was 
born  in  the  Canadian  commercial  metropolis  in  1868, 
being  the  youngest  son  of  the  late  Hugh  McLennan 
and  Isabella  Stewart,  his  wife. 

The  name  of  the  late  Mr.  Hugh  McLennan  will  al- 
ways be  intimately  associated  with  the  development 
of  the  inland  carrying  trade.  He  was  the  founder, 
and  up  to  the  time  of  his  death,  three  years  ago,  Presi- 
dent of  the  Montreal  Transportation  Company.  He 
was  a  native  of  Glengarry  County,  being  born  there  in 
1825,  and  coming  to  Montreal  in  1842,  entering  the 
service  of  a  line  of  steamers  then  plying  between  Mon- 
treal and  Kingston  in  the  capacity  of  purser.  He  soon 
became  freight  agent  and  wharfinger  for  the  company 
at  Kingston,  and  the  following  year  removed  to  Mon- 
treal in  the  same  capacity.  In  1853  he  entered  into 

partnership  with  his  brother,  Mr.  John  McLennan,  and 
the  firm  carried  on  a  grain  and  transportation  business 
until  1867,  when  Mr.  John  McLennan  retired.  The 
transportation  part  of  the  firm's  business  extended  and 
incorporated  under  the  name  of  the  Montreal  Trans- 
portation Company. 

Mr.  Bartlett  McLennan  was  educated  at  Lyall's 
School,  Montreal,  and  the  Royal  Military  College, 
Kingston.  After  graduating  from  the  last-named  in- 
stitution, he  entered  his  father's  business  and  upon  that 
gentleman's  death  succeeded  him  as  President  of  the 
Montreal  Transportation  Company.  He  is  also  Vice- 
President  of  the  Williams  Manufacturing  Company 
and  a  director  of  the  Montreal  Grain  Elevating  Com- 



John  Torrance,  merchant,  is  a  son  of  the  late  David 
Torrance,  President  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  by  his 
wife,  Jane  Torrance.  He  was  born  in  Montreal,  Au- 
gust 8th,  1835,  and  received  his  education  at  the  High 
School  of  Montreal,  graduating  with  the  distinction 
of  dux  of  that  fai.nous  institution  of  learning.  In 
1850  he  entered  the  firm  of  David  Torrance  and  Com- 
pany, of  which  he  is  now  the  principal,  and  which  firm 
has  for  years  acted  as  the  agents  of  the  Dominion  Line 
of  steamships,  plying  between  Montreal  and  Liverpool 
and  Bristol.  Mr.  Torrance  served  terms  as  2nd  Vice- 
President  and  1st  Vice-President  of  the  Montreal 

Board  of  Trade,  and  was  a  member  of  the  Council  for 
years,  but  was  defeated  for  the  Presidency  in  1897. 
He  was  for  many  \ears  a  member  of  the  Montreal 
Board  of  Harbor  Commissioners,  and  has  consistently 
worked  for  the  deepening  of  the  ship  channel,  between 
Montreal  and  Quebec,  and  the  improvement  of  the 
terminal  facilities  in  the  Harbor  of  Montreal. 

In  January,  1860,  Mr.  Torrance  married  Margaret 
Watson,  youngest  daughter  of  the  late  Senator  James 
Ferrier,  and  his  residence  is  No.  I  Beaver  Hall 
Square,  Montreal,  Que. 



1  he  Hon.  Richard  Turner,  merchant  and  legislator, 
of  the  city  of  Quebec,  was  born  in  that  city  in  1843. 
His  father  was  a  native  of  Rochester,  England,  and 
his  mother  was  born  in  Kilfinan,  Ireland.  Immediately 
after  completing  a  sound  business  education,  he  entered 
upon  a  business  career,  and  in  1870  entered  into  part- 
nership as  wholesale  grocers  with  Mr.  J.  Whitehead, 
under  the  firm  name  of  Whitehead  &  Turner.  In  1885, 
Mr.  Whitehead  retired  and  Mr.  Turner  has  carried  on 
the  business,  under  the  old  name,  on  his  own  account. 
Although  his  extensive  private  business  has  made  most 
exacting  calls  upon  his  time,  he  has  found  time  to  iden- 
tify himself  with  various  public  enterprises  and  to  de- 
vote considerable  intelligent  attention  to  public  affairs. 
He  has  large  interests  in  the  shipping  and  lumber  busi- 
ness and  in  railways,  and  is  an  extensive  importer  from 
the  West  Indies,  China  and  Japan. 

He  was  formerly  a  director  of  La  Banque  Natio- 
nale,  is  president  of  the  Wholesale  Grocers'  Associa- 

tion, firm  of  LeBoutillier  Bros.  &  Co.,  Ltd. ;  past  presi- 
dent of  St.  George's  Society  and  chairman  of  the  Que- 
bec High  School.  Air.  Turner  had  the  honor  of  occu- 
pying the  position  of  president  of  the  Quebec  Board  of 
Trade  for  three  consecutive  terms.  He  also,  for  some 
years,  sat  as  alderman  in  the  City  Council. 

A  staunch  believer  in  the  principles  of  the  Liberal 
party,  he  is,  and  has  been  for  some  years,  honorary 
president  of  the  Quebec  Liberal  Club. 

He  was  called  to  the  Legislative  Council  of  the 
Province  of  Quebec,  vice  D.  A.  Ross,  deceased,  July, 
1897.  He  is  chairman  of  the  Railway  Committee  in 
the  Council.  He  takes  an  active  part  in  all  charitable 
work,  and  that  which  is  in  the  interest  of  his  city  and 
development  of  the  province  of  Quebec. 

In  1867,  he  married  Miss  Emily  Ellis,  and  their 
family  consists  of  four  sons  and  two  daughters. 

An  Episcopalian. 


The  Honorable  Aclelard  Turgeon,  Minister  of  Ag- 
riculture in  the  Quebec  Provincial  Government,  was 
born  at  Beaumont,  Que.,  December  ujth,  1863,  the  son 
of  Damase  Turgeon,  farmer  and  merchant,  and  Chris- 
tine Turgeon,  his  wife.  After  receiving  a  classical 
and  scientific  education  at  Levis  College  he  entered  the 
faculty  of  law  of  Laval  University,  Quebec,  graduat- 
ing in  1887,  and  being  called  to  the  Bar  July  12th,  the 
same  year.  For  six  months  he  engaged  in  the  prac- 
tice of  his  profession  alone,  then  entering  into  partner- 
ship with  Mr.  Henry  G.  Carroll  in  the  City  of  Que- 
bec, under  the  firm  name  of  Turgeon  and  Carroll.  In 
1897  a  change  took  place  in  the  firm,  the  designation 
of  which  was  changed  to  Turgeon  and  Lachance. 
To-day  it  enjoys  one  of  the  best  practices  in  the  City 
of  Quebec. 

While  still  a  young  student  Mr.  Turgeon  won  an 
enviable  reputation  as  a  fluent  and  powerful  orator, 
and  careful  study,  his  professional  practice,  and  his  ac- 
tive participation  in  practical  politics,  have  imparted 
to  his  naturally  powerful  style  of  oratory  a  grace  and 
finish  to  which  few  public  speakers  have  attained.  It 
has  been  said  by  some  well  able  to  judge  that  with  the 
single  exception  of  Sir  Wilfrid  Laurier,  Mr.  Turgeon 
is  the  most  graceful  and  classical  orator  Canada  pos- 
sesses. His  style  is  very  much  the  same  as  that  ot 
the  silver-tongued  Prime  Minister,  there  being  a  scrup 
ulous  care  about  his  phraseology  and  a  fair  roundnesi 
to  his  sentences,  which  never  fail  to  impress  the  listen- 
er. By  instinct  a  strong  Liberal,  and  possessing  in 
such  a  marked  degree  the  talent  for  public  speaking, 
it  is  not  surprising  that  as  early  as  1884,  when  but 
twenty-one  years  of  age,  we  find  him  engaged  in  the 
turmoil  of  politics  and  taking  the  platform  as  an  ex- 
ponent of  the  principles  of  his  party.  He  thus  early 
in  life  made  for  himself  a  provincial  reputation  as  a 
brilliant  orator,  but  being  very  young  and  having  the 
founding  of  his  professional  career  still  before  him, 

some  years  were  to  elapse  before  he  was  to  make  his 
first  appeal  for  the  votes  of  the  electorate.  His  op- 
portunity came  in  1890  when  he  was  chosen  as  Liberal 
candidate  in  the  County  of  Bellechasse  for  the  Quebec 
Legislature.  The  fight  was  a  hard  one.  Air.  Turgeon 
being  pitted  against  a  veteran  campaigner  in  the  person 
of  Mr.  Faucher  <le  St.  .Maurice,  himself  an  orator  and 
literateur  of  110  mean  order.  Mr.  Turgeon  carried 
the  County  by  the  substantial  majority  of  257.  He 
was  re-elected  in  1892  and  1897,  and  as  a  private 
member  on  the  floor  of  the  House  rendered  conspicu- 
ous service  to  his  party.  When  the  Hon.  G.  Alai- 
chand,  May  iith,  1897,  formed  his  administration, 
he  called  Mr.  Turgeon  to  his  Cabinet  as  Commissioner 
of  Colonization  and  Mines,  and  the  young  minister, 
on  appealing  as  usual  to  his  count}',  was  returned  by 
acclamation.  At  the  general  elections  of  1900  he  was 
once  more  returned  by  acclamation.  When  the  Hon. 
G.  Marchand  died,  September  251)1,  1900,  thus  dis- 
solving the  Government,  the  Hon.  S.  X.  Parent  was 
called  upon  to  form  a  government,  and  he  called  Mr. 
Turgeon  to  his  Cabinet  as  Commissioner  of  Coloniza- 
tion and  Alines,  and  Secretary  and  Registrar  pro-tern. 
Upon  the  re-organization  of  the  Cabinet  in  1903,  Afr. 
Turgeon  was  given  the  portfolio  of  Minister  of  Agri- 
culture, which  he  at  present  holds. 

In  1898  Air.  Turgeon  visited  France  and  repre- 
sented the  Province  of  Quebec  on  the  Champlain 
Alonument  Committee,  which  met  at  Honfleur,  France, 
on  July  i-jth,  receiving  from  the  Government  of 
France  the  decoration  of  Officier  d'lnstruction 

Mr.  Turgeon  is  President  of  the  Standard  Copper 
Company  and  Vice-President  of  the  Levis  Gun  Club. 
He  was  married  in  July,  1884,  to  Eugenie,  daughter  of 
Air.  Etiennie  Samson,  ship-builder,  of  Quebec,  and  is 
a  member  of  the  Garrison  Club,  Quebec,  and  of  the 
St.  James  Club,  Montreal. 



The  Honorable  Louis  Joseph  Forget,  member  of 
the  Canadian  Senate,  was  born  at  Terrebonne,  Que., 
March  nth,  1853,  and  educated  at  Masson  College. 
He  is  descended  from  an  old  Norman  family  which 
came  to  Canada  in  the  seventeenth  century.  He  has 
been  in  business  as  a  stock  broker  in  Montreal  since 
1873,  being  the  founder  and  head  of  the  leading  firm 
of  stock  brokers  of  L.  J.  Forget  and  Company.  He 
had  the  honor  of  being  President  of  the  Montreal 
Stock  Exchange  in  1895  and  1896,  and  has  been  close- 
ly identified  with  many  of  the  leading  financial  cor- 
porations of  Montreal.  He  was  elected  President  of 
the  Richelieu  and  Ontario  Navigation  Company  in 
February,  1895,  and  President  of  the  Montreal  Street 
Railway  Company  in  1890,  and  still  in  office.  For 
some  years  he  has  been  a  Director  and  Vice-President 

of  the  Royal  Victoria  Life  Insurance  Company. 
Vice-President  Dominion  Cotton  Mills  Co.,  etc.  He 
is  Vice-President  of  the  Board  of  Governors  of  Laval 
University,  Montreal ;  a  Life  Governor  and  Director 
of  Notre  Dame  Hospital ;  Life  Governor  of  Montreal 
General  and  Western  Hospitals ;  and  a  Life  Governor 
of  the  Montreal  Numismatic  and  Antiquarian  So- 

He  is  Conservative  in  politics  and  was  called  to  the 
Senate  in  June,  1896.  Senator  Forget  was  married 
in  Montreal  in  May,  1876,  to  Maria,  daughter  of  Gus- 
tave  A.  Raymond,  and  resides  at  951  Sherbrooke 
Street,  Montreal. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  Royal  St. 
Lawrence  Yacht,  Montreal  Hunt,  and  St.  James 
Clubs,  Montreal. 



David  Dexter,  of  Hamilton,  Out,  President  and 
Managing  Director  of  the  Federal  Life  Assurance 
Company  of  Canada,  was  born  April  4th,  1848,  near 
St.  Thomas,  Ont.  His  parents  were  Ransom  and 
Margaret  Dexter,  the  former  being  a  clergyman  and 
farmer,  who,  when  a  boy  six  years  of  age,  came  with 
his  father  and  mother  from  New  York  State  to  Little 
York  (Toronto)  in  the  year  1798.  When  quite  a 
young  man  he  enlisted  in  the  York  Militia,  and  was 
one  of  the  "brave  York  Volunteers"  who  won  im- 
perishable renown  with  General  Brock  at  the  battle  of 
Queenstown  Heights.  Mr.  Dexter's  ancestors  on  his 
father's  side  emigrated  from  England  to  the  New 
England  colonies  early  in  the  i8th  century.  Those  on 
his  mother's  side  also  hailed  from  England,  settling  in 

Mr.  Dexter  was  educated  in  St.  Thomas,  Ont. 
Owing  to  ill  health  he  was  taken  from  school  and 
taught  farming  on  his  father's  farm,  subsequently  for 
a  few  years  managing  a  manufacturing  business  in  St. 
Thomas.  He  left  mercantile  life  to  become  the  mana- 

ger of  a  loan  and  saving  company,  filling  this  position 
with  marked  success  till  the  organization  of  the  Fed- 
eral Life  in  1881,  being  managing  director  of  the  com- 
pany in  question  from  the  first. 

Mr.  Dexter's  ability  and  popularity  were  testified  by 
his  election  to  the  Presidency  of  the  Life  Officers'  As- 
sociation of  Canada.  In  his  leisure  hours  he  has  taken 
an  interest  in  educational  matters,  he  having  been  for 
fourteen  years  a  member  of  the  Educational  Hoard  ot 
Hamilton,  became  Chairman  of  its  several  Committees 
and  Chairman  of  the  P.oard.  Nor  does  he  neglect  the 
lighter  side  of  relaxation,  being  an  enthusiastic  curler 
and  bowler. 

He  was  married  December.  1868,  to  Isabella  Mc- 
Lachlin,  of  Aylmer,  Ont.,  and  has  two  children,  Adah 
E.,  and  Zella  R.  Dexter.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Ham- 
ilton Club,  Royal  Hamilton  Yacht  Club,  Hamilton 
Jockey  Club,  Hamilton  Thistle  Curling  Club,  all  of 
Hamilton,  and  the  National  Club,  Toronto.  He  is  also 
a  member  of  the  St.  George's  Society  and  of  the  Ma- 
sonic Order. 



Mr.  Rodolplie  Forget,  broker  and  financier,  Mon- 
treal, was  born  in  Terrebonne,  Qne.,  December  loth, 
1 86 1,  his  father  being-  a  descendent  of  a  respectable 
Norman  family, -who  came  to  Canada  in  1655.  He 
obtained  his  education  at  Masson  College,  Terrebonne, 
and  shortly  after  leaving  that  institution,  came  to  Mon- 
treal, and  entered  the  office  of  his  uncle,  and  present 
partner,  Mr.  (now  Senator,)  L.  J.  Forget.  Shortly 
afterwards  he  was  taken  into  partnership,  and  at  pres- 
ent the  firm  of  L.  J.  Forget  and  Company  is  one  of 
the  largest,  best  known  and  most  enterprising  stock 
broking  firms  in  Canada.  In  1889  Mr.  Forget  was 
elected  Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Montreal  Stock  Ex- 
change, but  later  resigned,  and  has  since  refused  any 
office  in  that  body.  Mr.  Forget  has  been  a  most  in- 
fluential personality  in  the  Montreal  world  of  finance, 
and  his  influence  has  been  exerted  for  the  betterment 
of  the  financial  positions  of  some  of  the  principal  fin- 
ancial corporations  of  Canada.  He  practically  was 
instrumental  in  securing  the  re-organization  of  the 
Richelieu  and  Ontario  Navigation  Company,  and  the 
modernization  of  that  Company's  service.  His  mind 
conceived  the  idea  of  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat  and 
Power  Company,  and  it  was  largely  due  to  his  energy 

that  the  idea  was  carried  out.  The  capital  of  the 
Company  is  $17,000,000.  He  was  also  chiefly  in- 
strumental in  securing  the  re-organization  of  the  Mon- 
treal Street  Railway  Company,  and  the  obtaining  of 
that  Company's  present  contract  with  the  City  of  Mon- 
treal. At  present  Mr.  Forget  is  President  of  the 
Richelieu  and  Ontario  Navigation  Company,  Vice- 
President  of  the  Montreal  Light,  Heat  and  Power 
Company,  President  of  the  Royal  Electric  Company, 
Director  of  the  Montreal  Gas  Company,  the  Mont- 
morency  Cotton  Company,  the  Crown  Life  Insurance 
Company,  President  of  The  Mount  Royal  Fire  Insur- 
ance Company,  etc. 

Mr.  Forget  has  taken  an  active  and  generous  in- 
terest in  charitable  and  educational  work.  He  is  an 
administrator  of  Laval  University,  Montreal,  Gov- 
ernor of  Notre  Dame  Hospital,  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital  and  the  Western  Hospital.  He  has  been 
particularly  devoted  to  the  interests  of  Notre  Dame 

Mr.  Forget  has  been  twice  married,  and  has  four 
children.  He  was  first  married  October  I2th,  1885, 
to  Miss  Alexandra  Tourville,  and  the  second  time  to 
Miss  Blanche  McDonald,  April,  1904. 



Prominent  in  the  Canadian  insurance  world  Fre- 
derick George  Cox,  the  Managing  Director  and  the 
Vice-President  of  the  Imperial  Life  Insurance  Com- 
pany of  Canada,  is  the  second  son  of  Senator  George 
A  Cox.  He  was  horn  on  September  2/th,  1866,  at 
Peterboro,  Ontario,  where  he  was  educated  at  the  Col- 
legiate Institute.  Upon  completing  his  education,  he 
entered  the  Peterboro  office  of  the  Midland  Railway, 
and  occupied  a  position  under  Mr.  Arthur  White,  who 
was  then  the  General  Traffic  Manager  of  the  road. 
When  the  road  was  purchased  by  the  Grand  Trunk 
System,  Mr.  Frederick  Cox  became  the  Manager  of 
the  Central  Canada  Loan  and  Savings  Company,  re- 
maining in  that  important  position  until  1897,  tne  .vear 
in  which  the  Imperial  Life  Insurance  Company  of  Ca- 
nada was  organized.  He  was  appointed  Managing 

Director  of  this  Company,  and  has  devoted  his  entire 
time  since  to  its  furtherance  and  development,  until  it 
has  become  one  of  the  most  important  and  extensive 
insurance  institutions  in  Canada,  which,  in  a  great 
measure  has  been  due  to  his  experience,  judgment  and 
indefatigable  efforts.  The  only  other  company  with 
which  Mr.  Frederick  Cox  is  officially  connected  is  the 
Central  Canada  Loan  and  Savings  Company,  of  which 
he  is  the  Vice- President.  A  man  of  great  care  and 
financial  intelligence,  Mr.  Cox  is,  undoubtedly,  an  im- 
portant factor  in  the  insurance  industry  of  the  Domi- 
nion and  in  Toronto  business. 

In  1889  Frederick  George  Cox  was  married  to  a 
daughter  of  Dr.  L.  H.  Swan,  of  Woodstock,  Ontario. 
His  residence  is  at  No.  414  Sherbourne  street,  Toronto. 



William  Henry  Drummond,  M.D.,  L  L.D.,  was 
born  in  1854,  in  the  County  of  Leitrim,  Ireland,  the 
son  of  George  Drummond  and  Elizabeth  Soden,  his 
wife.  He  came  -with  his  parents  to  Canada  in  1864, 
his  father  dying  twelve  months  later.  His  mother 
is  still  living.  Since  coming  to  Canada  Dr.  Drum- 
mond has  always  lived  in  Montreal.  He  has  three 
brothei  s  occupying  prominent  positions  in  the  busi- 
ness community,  namely,  John  J.  Drummond,  Me- 
chanical Engineer,  and  George  E.  Drummond,  and 
Thomas  J.  Drummond,  of  the  firm  of  Drummond, 
McCall  &  Company.  Dr.  Drummond  was  educated 
at  the  High  School  of  Montreal  and  Bishops  College, 
graduating  from  the  last  named  institution  with  the 
degree  of  M.D.,  and  entering  at  once  upon  the  practice 
of  his  profession.  Dr.  Drummond,  at  present,  oc- 
cupies a  chair  on  the  medical  faculty  of  his  alma  mater 
as  Professor  of  Medical  Jurisprudence.  Apart  from 
an  honorable  place  in  the  medical  profession,  Dr. 
Drummond  is  widely  known  in  the  fields  of  literature 
and  sport.  He  has  published  several  short  stories  and 
three  books  of  verse,  namely,  "The  Habitant,"  "John- 
nie Courteau"  and  "Phil-o-rum's  Canoe,"  all  dealing 
with  the  life  of  the  French  Canadian  habitant,  voya- 

geur  and  trapper.  This  literary  work  of  Dr.  Drum- 
mond has  been  unique,  opening  up  a  rich  field  of  hu- 
mor, sentiment  and  pathos  previously  unexploited,  and 
doing  it  so  skillfully  as  to  put  satisfactory  imitation 
out  of  the  question.  Dr.  Drummond  has  not  been 
inaptly  described  as  the  Bret  Harte  of  French  Canada. 
In  recognition  of  his  literary  work  Dr.  Drummond 
had  conferred  upon  him  by  Toronto  University  the 
degree  of  L  L.D.  He  is  also  a  Fellow  of  die  Royal 
Society  of  Literature,  England,  and  a  fellow  of  the 
Royal  Society  of  Canada.  Another  hobby  of  Dr. 
Drummond  is  the  protection  of  fish  and  game.  His 
father  was  a  sportman,  and  so  is  the  doctor.  He  is 
a  member  of  the  North  American  Fish  and  Game  Pro- 
tection Association,  and  the  Province  of  Quebec  Fish 
and  Game  Protective  Association.  For  strictly 
sporting  purposes  Dr.  Drummond  belongs  to  three 
well-known  Fish  and  Game  Clubs,  the  Laurentian,  the 
St.  Maurice  and  the  Winchester  Clubs,  all  situated  in 
the  Province  of  Quebec. 

Dr.  Drummond  is  a  member  of  the  Church  of  Eng- 
land, and  in  politics  nonpartisan,  believing  in  meas- 
ures rather  than  party. 


Mr.  Robert  Bickerdike,  M.P.,  live  stock  shipping 
and  insurance  agent,  member  of  Parliament,  repres- 
enting Montreal  Centre,  St.  Lawrence  Division  in  the 
Canadian  House  of  Commons,  was  born  at  Kingston, 
Ont,  1843,  ms  father  being  the  late  Thomas  Bicker- 
dike,  of  Yorkshire,  England. 

Although  born  in  Ontario  Mr.  Bickc-rdike  has  spent 
nearly  the  whole  of  his  life  in  the  Province  of  Que- 
bec, his  father  moving  to  St.  Louis  de  Gonzaque, 
Beauharnois  County,  and  taking  up  a  farm  there  when 
his  son  Robert  was  quite  a  child.  After  acquiring 
an  elementary  education  at  the  country  school  of  the 
district,  Mr.  Bickerdike  helped  his  father  for  some 
time  on  his  farm,  but  at  the  age  of  seventeen  moved 
to  Montreal,  shortly  after  arriving  taking  his  first 
position  away  from  home,  that  of  a  butcher's  boy. 
Ten  years  after  he  arrived  in  Montreal  he  entered  into 
the  pork  packing  trade  for  himself.  His  well- 
equipped  factory  was  destroyed  by  fire,  only  to  arise 
again,  phoenix-like,  from  its  ashes.  In  this  instance 
the  work  of  reconstruction  was  begun  the  morning 
after  the  fire.  He  sat  for  several  years  in  the  St. 
Henri  town  council,  and  for  many  years  was  an  en- 
ergetic and  devoted  President  of  the  Protestant  Board 
of  School  Commissioners  of  the  same  municipality. 

In  18/6  he  entered  the  export  business,  then  prac- 
tically a  new  industry,  and  for  the  twenty  years  suc- 
ceeding was  one  of  the  largest  cattle  exporters  in  Can- 
ada. He  organized  the  Dominion  Abattoir  and  Stock 
Yards  Company,  the  Dominion  Live  Stock  As- 
surance Company  and  the  Standard  Light  and 
Power  Company.  He  has  for  a  number  of  years  re- 
presented the  Marine  Department  of  the  Western 

Assurance  Company,  and  in  addition  has  for  the 
past  few  years  assumed  the  agency  for  the  fire 
department  for  the  Island  of  Montreal. 

For  many  years  Mr.  Bickerdike  has  been  a  director 
of  the  Bank  of  Hochelaga,  and  for  the  past  fifteen 
years  its  Vice-President. 

He  was  for  many  years  a  member  of  the  Council 
of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  and  in  1896  was 
elected  President  of  tint  influential  body.  He  is  a 
life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  a  life 
member  of  the  Numismatic  and  Antiquarian  Society. 
In  1897  he  was  elected  in  the  Liberal  interests  to 
represent  St.  Antoine  Division  of  Montreal  in  the 
Quebec  Provincial  Legislature,  and  in  recognition  of 
his  services  on  behalf  of  the  City  of  Montreal,  was 
tendered  and  accepted  a  public  banquet  given  by  mem- 
bers of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade.  In  the  general 
elections  of  1900  he  resigned  his  seat  in  the  Quebec 
Legislature  and  was  elected  to  represent  St.  Law- 
rence Division,  Montreal,  in  the  House  of  Commons. 

In  addition  to  the  positions  mentioned  above,  Mr. 
Bickerdike  holds  many  others.  He  is  a  member  of 
the  Montreal  Board  of  Harbor  Commissioners.  Pres- 
ident of  the  Dominion  Live  Stock  Insurance  Com- 
pany, President  of  the  Robert  Bickerdike  &  Com- 
pany, Limited,  member  of  the  Rideau  Club,  Ottawa, 
the  "Montreal  and  Canada  Clubs,  Montreal,  a  life 
member  of  the  M.A.A.A..  and  a  prominent  member 
of  St.  George's  Society. 

Politically,  Mr.  Bickerdike  is  a  Liberal,  in  religion 
a  Presbyterian.  He  married  in  1866  the  eldest 
daughter  of  the  late  James  Reid,  formerly  of  the 
7ist  Highland  Light  Infantry.  Residence.  "Elm- 
croft,"  Summerlea. 



That  a  man  not  yet  forty  years  of  age  should  be 
called  to  fill  the  highest  executive  position  in  the  Can- 
adian insurance  world  would  have  been  considered 
well-nigh  an  impossibility  a  few  years  ago.  And  yet 
it  seems  the  fitting  thing  to-day  that  Edward  William, 
Cox  should  be  General  .Manager  of  the  Canada  Life 
Assurance  Company,  for  he  has  attained  the  position 
through  a  series  of  progressive  steps,  thoroughly  fitt- 
ing himself  in  each  position  for  that  above  it. 

Mr.  Cox  was  born  in  Peterborough,  Ontario,  on 
the  i8th  of  June,  1864,  and  is  the  eldest  son  of  Hon. 
Geo.  A.  Cox,  Senator.  He  was  educated  at  Peter- 
borough Collegiate  Institute  and  Toronto  University, 
devoting  his  holidays  to  assisting  his  father,  at  that 
time  manager  of  the  company's  largest  branch. 

In  1885  Air.  Cox  was  admitted  as  a  partner  with 
his  father,  and  in  1887.  when  the  expansion  of  their 
business  made  necessary  their  removal  to  Toronto,  the 
commercial  centre,  he  assumed  full  charge  of  the 
field  workers. 

Under  Mr.  Cox's  efficient  direction  the  Eastern. 
Ontario  Branch  easily  maintained  its  position  as  the 
largest  and  most  important  of  the  Company,  and  when 
the  Canada  Life  Head  Offices  were  remove'd  to  Toron- 
to in  1899,  't  was  fitting  that  Mr.  Cox  should  be  tender- 

ed the  position  of  Assistant  General  Manager.  This, 
office  he  continued  to  hold  until  the  annual  meeting  in, 
February,  1902,  when  he  was  advanced  to  the  position 
of  General  Manager,  whose  duties  he  had  for  some 
time  discharged. 

While  Mr.  Cox  has  attained  and  held  with  success 
the  various  offices  to  which  he  has  been  called  through 
native  ability  coupled  with  long  and  thorough  training, 
the  marked  growth  of  the  Company  in  the  past  few 
years  is  due  not  alone  to  these  qualities  in  its  manager. 
It  is  owing  rather  to  that  spirit  of  enthusiasm  for  his 
life  work  which  is  a  marked  characteristic  of  Mr. 
Cox,  and  which  imparts  itself  to  those  about  him  in 
office  and  field. 

Mr.  Cox,  besides  being  a  director  in  the  Canada 
Life  Assurance  Company,  is  a  director  in  a  number  of 
other  important  corporations,  among  them  being  the 
Central  Canada  Loan  and  Savings  Company,  the  Bri- 
tish America  Fire  Assurance  Company,  and  the  Na- 
tional Trust  Company. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  National  Club,  the  Granite 
Club,  the  Hunt  Club  and  various  social  organizations., 

He  was  married  on  the  24th  October,  1888,  to  a 
daughter  of  the  late  Charles  Brown. 



Mr.  Hugh  Watson,  of  "Hillcrest,"  Westmount, 
Montreal,  manufacturer  of  wall  papers,  and  President 
of  the  Watson,  Foster  Company,  Limited,  was  born 
January  23rd,  1839,  at  "Sandyflat,"  Maryhill,  Glas- 
gow, Scotland.  His  father  was  John  Watson,  a 
grain  and  produce  merchant  and  farmer,  while  his 
mother's  maiden  name  was  Ann  Goodwin. 

Mr.  Hugh  Watson  was  educated  at  the  Parish 
School  of  Maryhill,  Glasgow,  and  on  completing  his 
schooling,  served  for  four  years  in  the  office  of  a  large 
produce  commission  merchant  in  Glasgow.  He  had 
a  good  grounding  in  sound  business  habits  and 
methods  which  has  been  of  great  benefit  to  him  in  his 
business  career. 

He  came  to  Montreal  in  1860  and  joined  an  elder 
brother  in  an  Importing  business,  principally  earthen- 
ware, china,  paper  hangings,  etc..  which  was  carried 
on  successfully  until  the  year  1880.  With  the  in- 
troduction of  the  National  Policy  in  that  year  Mr. 
Watson,  in  company  with  his  brother  and  Mr.  F.  S. 
Foster,  both  now  deceased,  started  the  manufacturing 
of  wall  papers  in  Montreal,  the  business,  from  a  com- 
paratively small  beginning,  growing  to  very  consider- 
able dimensions. 

In  the  year  1896  the  factor}-  building  occupied 
by  the  company  in  the  city  was  found  too  limited  ow- 
ing to  the  greatly  increased  output,  and  the  large  and 
well-equipped  factory,  warehouse  and  offices  now  oc- 
cupied at  Maisonneuve  were  built  by  the  Company, 
where  very  much  bettei  facilities  exist  to  meet  the 
growing  needs  of  the  business  and  prospective  future 
expansion.  Besides  an  extensive  trade  throughout 
the  Dominion,  Newfoundland  and  the  Yukon,  the 
Company  do  a  considerable  trade  in  Australia  and 
New  Zealand  with  every  prospect  of  a  much  enlarged 
business  in  the  near  future. 

In  the  year  1897  the  business  was  formed  into  a 
joint  stock  company — the  Watson-Foster  Company, 
Limited, — of  which  Mr.  Watson  has  been  President 
since  its  organization.  Mr.  Watson  is  a  member  of 
the  Montreal  Hoard  of  Trade,  and  for  two  years,  1902 
and  1903,  a  member  of  the  Council  of  that  body.  He 
is  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  a 
life  governor  of  the  Homeopathic  Hospital,  Montreal, 
a  life  governor  of  the  Protestant  House  of  Industry 
and  Refuge,  and  a  life  member  of  the  Natural  His- 
tory Society,  Montreal. 



Mr.  Hugh  Paton,  911  Sherbrookc  Street,  Montreal, 
President  of  the  Sheclden  Forwarding  Company 
(Limited),  was  born  at  Johnstone,  Renfrewshire, 
Scotland,  October  5th,  1852.  His  parents  were  WH- 
liam  Paton  and  Mar}-  Shedclen,  of  Kilbirnie,  Ayr- 
shire, Scotland.  Having  received  a  sound  education 
at  the  grammar  school  at  Paisley,  Scotland,  Mr.  Paton 
came  to  Canada  in  1871  to  join  his  uncle,  the  late  Mr. 
John  Shedclen,  railway  contractor,  Toronto.  En- 
tering Mr.  Shcdden's  office  he  remained  there  until 
1873,  when  Mr.  Shedden  was  killed  by  a  trair  while 
participating  in  the  celebration  of  the  opening  of  the 
Toronto  and  Nipissing  Railway,  of  which  he  was 
President.  Upon  Mr.  Shedden's  death  the  busine  ;s 
he  had  established  as  geneial  forwarder,  carrier  and 
cartage  agent  for  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  was  taken 
over  by  a  joint  stock  company,  under  the  name  of  the 
Shedden  Forwarding  Company  (Limited,),  and  Mr. 
Paton  assumed  the  functions  of  Secretary-Treasurer 
of  the  company,  making  his  headquarters  in  Mon- 
treal, where  he  has  resided  ever  since.  He  occupied 
this  position  until  1879,  when  he  became  manager  and 
secretary,  and  later  President,  which  position,  he  at 
present  holds.  Mr.  Paton  is  moreover  the  principal 
shareholder  in  the  company,  which  has  developed  its 
business  greatly,  and  is  one  of  the  most  powerful  busi- 
ness corporations  in  Canada.  He  is  also  Chairman 
of  the  allied  company,  operating  a  similar  business  in 
the  United  States.  A  shrewd  and  energetic  business 
man,  Mr.  Paton's  services  have  been  eagerly  sought 
after  by  various  other  influential  commercial  bodies, 
and  besides  being  President  of  the  Shedden  Forward- 
ing Company  ( Limited j,  Montreal,  and  Chairman  of 
the  Shedden  Cartage  Company  (Limited,),  of  Detroit, 
he  is  a  director  of  the  Bell  Telephone  Company,  of 
Canada,  the  Canadian  Transfer  Company  (Limited,), 
the  Canadian  Express.  Company,  the  Northern  Elec- 
tric Manufacturing  Co.,  Limited,  the  Wire  and  Cable 

Company  and  the  Sincenes-McNaughton  Company. 
Besides  his  investments  in  Canada  and  the  United 
States,  Mr.  Paton  retains  a  considerable  interest  in  the 
well-known  manufacturing  firm  of  Win.  Paton  (Lim- 
ited), in  Johnstone,  Scotland,  established  by  his  late 
father,  and  now  directed  by  his  brothers. 

Mr.  Paton  is  a  great  lover  of  good  horses  and  an 
enthusiastic  gentleman  farmer.  He  has  a  beautiful 
country  home,  "The  Island,"  Bord-a-Plouffe,  and  his 
model  farming  operations  extend  over  property  on 
Isle  Jesu  as  well  as  on  the  Island  of  Montreal.  He 
was  for  four  years  Honorary  Secretary-Treasurer  of 
the  Montreal  Tandem  Club.  From  1879  to  1886  he 
was  Honorary  Secretary-Treasurer  of  the  Montreal 
Hunt  Club,  and  in  1887  he  was  honored  with  election 
as  M.F.H..  Mr.  Paton  has  run  his  own  horses  at 
i.iany  meetings  and  several  times  carried  off  the 
Queen's  Plate.  His  love  for  dumb  animals  led  Mr. 
Paton  to  identify  himself  with  the  Society  for  the  Pre- 
vention of  Cruelty  to  Animals,  and  he  has  been  for 
some  years  a  member  of  the  Executive  Committee  of 
that  body.  In  1896  he  was  elected  Vice-President  of 
the  St.  Andrew's  Society,  Montreal,  with  the  charit- 
able work  of  which  organization  he  has  been  intimate- 
ly identified,  and  in  1897  he  was  honored  with  election 
to  the  position  of  president. 

In  1884  he  was  married  to  Isabella,  daughter  of 
the  late  Andrew  Robertson,  a  former  well-known  Mon- 
treal merchant,  whose  name  was  long  identified  with 
the  position  of  Chairman  of  the  Harbor  Commission- 

Mr.  Paton  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  St. 
James  and  City  Clubs,  Montreal,  Royal  and  Outre- 
mont  Golf  Clubs,  Montreal  Racket  Club,  Forest  and 
Stream  Club,  Dorval ;  Montreal  Hunt  Club,  the  To- 
ronto Club ;  the  Manitoba  Club,  Winnipeg ;  Manhat- 
tan Club,  New  York,  and  the  Junior  Athenaeum 
Club,  London,  England. 


Charles  Fleetford  Sise,  Montreal,  President  of  the 
Bell  Telephone  Company  of  Canada,  was  born  in  the 
United  States  in  1834,  his  father  being  Edward  Fleet- 
ford  Sise,  merchant  and  ship  owner.  Mr.  Sise's 
grandfather,  Edward  Sise,  went  to  the  United  States 
from  Ireland  in  1784. 

After  being  educated  in  the  United  States,  Mr. 
Sise  went  to  sea  for  several  years,  and  after  command- 
ing vessels  in  the  Atlantic,  Pacific  and  Australian 
Lines,  took  charge  of  his  father's  shipping  and  cotton 
business  at  New  Orleans  and  Mobile.  After  the 
Civil  War  in  the  United  States  he  went  to  England 
as  head  of  the  Liverpool  House.  He  came  to  Can- 
ada in  1880,  and  established  the  P>ell  Telephone  Com- 
pany of  Canada,  being  connected  with  that  powerful 

corporation  ever  since.  He  also  identified  himself 
with  other  important  business  corporations  of  his 
adopted  country.  At  the  present  time  he  is  Presi- 
dent of  the  Hell  Telephone  Company,  the  Wire  and 
Cable  Company,  the  Northern  Electric  &  Manufac- 
turing Company  and  the  Xorth  American  Telegraph 
Company.  He  is  a  Director  of  the  Canadian  West- 
inghouse  Company,  the  Xorth  P>ritish  &  Mercantile 
Insurance  Company,  the  Sincennes  McXaughton  Line, 
the  Nova  Scotia  Telephone  Company  and  the  New 
Brunswick  Telephone  Company. 

Mr.  Sise  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James's  Club, 
Mount  Royal  Club,  Hunt  Club,  and  Forest  and  Stream 
Club  of  Montreal,  the  Algonquin  Club,  Boston  ;  Ridcau 
Club,  Ottawa,  and  Toronto  Club,  Toronto. 



Hormisdas  Laporte,  Mayor  of  the  City  of  Mon- 
treal, is  the  senior  member  of  the  great  wholesale 
grocery  firm  of  Laporte,  Martin  and  Company,  St. 
Peter  St.,  Montreal.  He  was  born  November  6th,  1850, 
at  the  village  of.  Lachine,  Jacques  Cartier  County, 
One.,  his  parents  being  Jean  ISaptiste  Laporte,  miller, 
and  Marie  Jubinville,  his  wife.  His  ancestors  were 
ami  ing  the  earliest  settlers  from  France. 

.Mayor  Laporte,  as  he  is  proud  to  admit,  is  pre- 
eminently a  self-made  man.  After  an  elementary 
education  at  the  village  school  of  Sault  an  Recollet, 
lie  worked  in  a  nail  factory  until  1870,  when  lie 
started  business  for  himself  in  a  modest  way  as  a  re- 
tail grocer  on  St.  James  street.  Under  shrewd,  care- 
ful management  the  business  rapidly  expanded,  and 
in  1881  it  had  taken  on  somewhat  of  a  wholesale 
character.  In  1889  the  business  became  a  wholesale 
one  entirely,  and  Mr.  Laporte  took  into  partnership 
Mr.  J.  1!.  A.  Martin,  at  the  time  manager  of  another 
wholesale  firm  and  J.  ( ).  Boucher,  his  chief  clerk,  and 
in  1897  he  admitted  as  partner  Mr.  L.  A.  DeLorme, 
his  head  book-keeper,  Mr.  Jos.  Ethier,  his  head  sales- 
man, and  Mr,  J.  A.  Martin.  These  gentlemen,  with 
the  principal,  still  constitute  the  firm  of  Laporte,  Mar- 
tin &  Co.,  whose  record  of  continuous  success  has 
seldom  been  equalled  in  any  city  on  the  Continent. 

The  firm  are  direct  importers  from  Europe,  India, 
China,  Japan  and  the  "West  Indies.  Mr.  Laporte  is 
connected  with  many  commercial  and  financial  insti- 

tutions, being  a  director  of  the  Banque  Provinciale, 
the  National  Life  Assurance  Company,  La  Sauve- 
garde  Insurance  Co.,  and  American  Surety  Co.  He 
is,  and  has  been  for  some  years,  President  of  the 
Dominion  Wholesale  Grocers'  Guild,  and  President  of 
the  Alliance  Nationale.  He  is  an  ex-President  of 
the  Chambre  of  Commerce,  Montreal,  and  an  ex- 
member  of  the  Council  of  the  Montreal  Board  of 

Mayor  Laporte's  name,  even  before  his  election 
to  fill  the  Mayoralty  Chair,  was  a  household  word  in 
Montreal,  on  account  of  the  excellent  work  he  had 
doiie  as  leader  of  the  reform  movement  in  the  City 
Council,  which  effected  great  economies  in  the  civic 
administration  during  the  years  succeeding  1899.  ^n 
this  part  of  his  municipal  work  he  required  an  un- 
usual amount  of  courage,  resource,  public  spirit  and 
judgment,  and  he  has  never  been  found  lacking  in  any 
of  those  respects.  He  was  elected  Mayor  of  Mon- 
treal by  a  majority  of  12,500,  Februaly  ist,  1904,  both 
of  his  opponents  losing  their  deposits,  polling  less  than 
half  the  number  of  votes  obtained  by  Mr.  Laporte. 

Mrs.  Laporte's  maiden  name  was  Mirza  Gervais, 
and  her  family  consists  of  a  daughter  and  son,  Maria 
and  Joseph: 

Mayor  Laporte  is  a  member  of  the  St.  Vincent  de 
Paul  Society,  and  a  member  and  Vice-President  of  the 
St.  Jean  Baptiste  Society. 



Lieutenant-Colonel  Lour'enco  Edye,  Commissioner 
of  the  Trust  and  Loan  Company  of  Canada  in  Mon- 
treal, was  born  in  South  America,  at  Rio  de  Janeira 
on  2nd  March,  1849.  He  was  educated  in  Paris  and 
England.  Joining  H.  M.  Royal  Marines  as  Second- 
Lieutenant,  on  28th  December,  1866,  his  military  rec- 
ord is  an  enviable  and  honorable  one.  He  was  pro- 
moted First-Lieutenant  3rd  August,  1867 ;  Captain 
ist  July,  1881  ;  Brevet  Major,  8th  December,  1887 ; 
Major,  29th  August,  1888;  Brevet  Lieutenant-Colonel, 
8th  December,  1894;  and  Lieutenant-Colonel,  8th  De- 
cember, 1895.  In  addition  to  the  list  of  rapid  pro- 
motions, Lieutenant-Colonel  Edye  received  during  his 
career  various  appointments  from  time  to  time,  the 
principal  of  which  were  Interpreter  to  Her  Majesty's 
Fleet  (China  Station)  28th  October,  1870;  Assistant- 
Instructor  in  Musketry  (Chatham  Division,),  I5th  No- 
vember, 1879;  Captain  and  Quartermaster,  Battalion 
Royal  Marines  for  service  in  Egypt,  4th  August,  1882 ; 
Captain  and  Paymaster,  2nd  Battalion  Royal  Marines, 
for  service  in  Egypt,  8th  November,  1884;  Signalling 
Officer  to  the  R.  M.  Forces  for  service  in  the  Soudan, 
1st  March,  1885  ;  Brigade  Signaller,  2nd  Brigade,  by 
Sir  J.  McNeil,  V.C.,  K.C.B.,  K.C.M.G.,  in  Soudan 
Campaign,  8th  April,  1885 ;  Instructor  of  Gymnasia 
R.  M.  Depot,  Walmer  and  Member  of  the  Naval  In- 
telligence Department,  Admiralty,  ist  February,  1892. 
In  order  also  to  qualify  for  service  in  the  Judge  Ad- 
vocates Department  he  studied  for  and  was  called  to 
the  English  Bar,  Middle  Temple,  1886. 

Lieutenant-Colonel  Edye  served  as  Captain  and 
Quartermaster  of  the  Royal  Marine  Battalion  during 
the  War  in  Egypt,  1882.  He  was  present  at  the  ac- 
tion of  Malaha  as  Orderly  Officer  to  Commanding  Of- 
ficer R.  M.  (mentioned  in  despatches),  present  at  the 
actions  of  El-Magfar,  Tel-el-Mahuta,  Masarneh,  Kas- 

sassin  Lock,  Kassassin,  and  Tel-el-Kebir  (Egypt  Med- 
al, Clasp  for  Tel-el-Kebir,  Khedive  Bronze  Star).  He 
served  with  the  Royal  Marine  Battalion  in  the  East 
Soudan  (1884-5,),  f°r  tne  defence  of  Suakim,  as  Cap- 
tain and  Paymaster,  2nd  Battalion  Royal  Marines,  for 
service  in  Egypt.  Afterwards  as  Signalling  Officer 
during  the  operations  in  advance  of  Suakim.  He 
was  present  at  the  actions  of  Hasbeen,  Tofrek  (the 
Zerebaj,  Reconnaissance  on  Jeselah,  and  capture  and 
burning,  being  mentioned  in  the  despatches,  and  re- 
ceiving clasps  for  Suakim,  1885,  and  Tofrek.  Be- 
sides being  awarded  numerous  certificates  of  conduct 
and  honorary  mentions  in  the  despatches,  he  received 
the  thanks  of  the  Lord  Commissioners  of  the  Admir- 
alty for  services  rendered  at  the  wreck  of  the  big 
"Eliza"  in  Mount  Batten  Bay  during  a  furious  gale  on 
8th  December,  1872,  and  again  was  the  recipient  of 
thanks  from  the  same  high  officials  for  services  ren- 
dered at  the  Naval  Intelligent  Department  between  the 
years  1892  and  1897. 

Retiring  from  active  service  in  1898,  Colonel  Edye 
was  offered  the  appointment  which  he  now  fills  as  a 
Commissioner  of  the  Trust  and  Loan  Company  of 
Canada,  which  he  accepted,  coming  to  Canada  in  the 
same  year.  He  has  chief  control  of  the  Montreal 
Branch  of  that  pioneer  financial  institution. 

On  5th  July,  1873,  Colonel  Edye  married  Clara 
Frances,  daughter  of  Richard  Laws,  of  the  Honorable 
East  India  Company.  His  only  child,  Russell  Ern- 
est Courtenay  Edye  in  due  course  entered  H.  M. 
Army,  and  is  now  a  Captain  in  the  South  Lancashire 
Regiment,  Third  Battalion,  and  has  already  rendered 
distinguished  military  services  to  his  country. 

Colonel  Edye  is  a  member  of  the  United  Service 
Club,  London,  and  the  St.  James  Club,  Montreal. 



John  Lang-  Morris,  K.C..  a  leading  member  of  the 
liar  of  Montreal  was  horn  at  Perth,  Out.,  in  1835, 
his  parents  being  the  late  Hon.  William  Morris,  form- 
erly Receiver-General  of  Canada,  and  Elizabeth 
Cochran,  his  wife.  Mr.  Morris  was  educated  at  the 
High  School  of  Montreal  and  McGill  University, 
graduating  with  the  degree  of  R.C.L.,  and  being 
called  to  the  liar  in  1859.  He  has  practiced  his  pro- 
fession continuously  in  Montreal,  his  partners  at 
various  times  including  the  late  Judge  Torrance.  the 
late  T.  \Y.  Ritchie,  O.C.,  and  Mr.  (now  Sir)  \Vm. 
Rose.  He  is  now  practicing  with  Mr.  C.  M.  Holt, 
K.C.  Mr.  Morris  has  made  a  specialty  of  commer- 
cial, civil  and  ecclesiastical  law,  and"  has  attained 
distinction  in  those  branches  of  his  profession.  He 
was  created  a  Q.C.  by  the  Marquis  of  Lansdowne, 
then  Governor-General,  in  1887. 

Mr.  Morris  is  an  Elder,  and  a  very  well-known 
member  of  the  Presbyterian  Church  of  Canada,  es- 
pecially on  account  of  the  very  active  part  he  took  in 

connection  with  the  union  movement  in  1875.  He  has 
been  counsel  of  the  Church  for  many  years,  and  repre- 
sented the  Church  and  conducted  successfully  the  vari- 
ous cases  concerning  the  Temporalities  funds,  before 
the  Imperial  Privy  Council  and  the  committees  of  the 
Canadian  Parliament.  Mr.  Morris  is  Vice-President 
of  the  Montreal  Loan  and  Mortgage  Company.  Mr. 
Morris  is  an  ardent  devotee  of  the  game  of  golf,  and 
has  contributed  in  a  very  considerable  degree  to  the 
development  of  the  sport  in  Canada. 

Mr.  Morris,  like  his  father  and  his  elder  brother, 
the  late  Lieut. -Governor  Morris  of  Manitoba,  is  a  Con- 
servative in  politics,  but  has  never  been  a  candidate 
for  public  office. 

In  1860  he  married  Agnes,  youngest  daughter  of 
the  late  Dr.  M.  McCulloch,  Montreal,  and  he  resides  at 
present  in  the  Bellevue  Apartment  House.  Mr.  Mor- 
ris is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  and  a  mem- 
ber and  ex-Captain  of  the  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Club. 



The  Honorable  Sir  Charles  Alphonse  Pantaleon 
Pelletier,  K.C.M.G.,  K.C.,  B.C.L.,  LL.D.,  P.C., 
etc.,  was  born  at  Riviere  Ouelle,  Que.,  January  22nd, 
1837,  his  parents  being  the  late  J.  M.  Pelletier,  of  that 
place,  and  his  wife,  Julie,  daughter  of  Joseph  Pain- 
chand.  He  obtained  his  primary  and  classical  edu- 
cation at  the  Ste.  Anne  de  la  Pocatiere  College,  after 
wards  entering  the  law  faculty  of  Laval  University, 
Quebec,  and  graduating  with  the  degree  of  B.C.L.  in 
1858.  Two  years  later  he  was  called  to  the  P>ar  at 
Quebec,  beginning  a  lengthy  practice  at  the  P>ar  of 
that  district,  which  brought  him  much  distinction. 
He  has  acted  in  the  capacity  of  Syndic  and  Batonnier 
of  the  Bar  of  Quebec,  and  was  created  a  Q.C.  in  1897. 
He  is  the  City  Attorney  of  Quebec  since  over  thirty 

Like  so  many  other  members  of  the  Bar  in  the 
Province  of  Quebec  Sir  Alphonse  Pelletier  has,  from 
his  youth,  devoted  much  attention  to  politics.  He  is, 
and  always  has  been,  an  ardent  Liberal.  He  repre- 
sented Kamouraska  in  the  House  of  Commons  from 
1869  to  February  2nd,  1877,  when  he  was  called  to 
the  Senate  of  Canada,  as  Government  leader  in  that 
chamber,  he  having  entered  the  MacKenzie  Cabinet 
as  Minister  of  Agriculture  on  January  26th,  of  the 
same  year.  During  part  of  his  term  as  a  member  of 
the  House  of  Commons,  from  February,  1873,  to  Jan- 
uary, 1874,  he  also  represented  Quebec  East  in  the 
Quebec  Legislature,  retiring  from  that  Assembly  in 
accordance  with  an  Act  putting  a  stop  to  dual  repre- 
sentation. He  retained  the  portfolio  of  Minister  of 
Agriculture  until  the  retirement  of  the  MacKenzie 
Government  in  October,  1878.  While  Minister,  he 
acted  as  President  of  the  Canadian  Commission  at  the 
Paris  Universal  Exhibition  in  1878,  and  received  the 

C.M.G.  in  recognition  of  his  services.  He  \vas  speak- 
er of  the  Senate  from  July  1896  to  1901,  and  was  cre- 
ated K. C.M.G.  May  241)1,  1898.  Received  from  Laval 
University  Hon.  degree  of  L.L.I).,  19(32. 

Sir  Alphonse  Pelletier,  while  yet  a  young  man, 
joined  the  Militia  force  and  was  on  active  service  with 
his  regiment,  the  9th  Voltigeurs,  Quebec,  at  the  time 
of  the  Trent  Affair.  He  became  Captain  and  adju- 
tant of  the  9th  in  1863,  was  promoted  Major  in  i86f>. 
commanded  his  regiment  during  the  Fenian  Raid  cf 
that  year,  and  retired  retaining  rank.  Sir  Alphonse's 
son,  Lieut. -Colonel  Oscar  Charles  Casgrain  Pe'.letier, 
has  inherited  his  father's  military  spirit.  lie  entered 
the  9th  as  a  subaltern  in  1884,  and  the  following  year 
was  transferred  to  the  Royal  Canadian  Artillerv,  he 
having  the  same  year,  as  an  attached  officer,  gon,e 
through  the  Northwest  Campaign  with  B.  Battery,  and 
being'  severelv  wounded  in  the  action  at  Cut  Knife 
Hill,  where  lie  greatly  distinguished  himself.  In 
1897  he  was  appointed  D.O.C.  at  Quebec.  Lieut. Col- 
onel Oscar  Pelletier  accompanied  the  ist  Canadian 
Contingent  to  South  Africa  as  major,  being  severely 
wounded  at  Paarderberg,  and  mentioned  in  despatches. 

Taking  a  great  interest  in  the  national  movement 
among  the  French  Canadians,  Sir  Alphonse  Pelletier 
has  been  several  years  President  of  the  St.  Jean  Bap- 
tiste  Society  of  Quebec.  He  is  Vice- President  of  the 
Quebec  Fire  Assurance  Company.  He  has  been  twice 
married,  first  in  1861  to  Susanne,  daughter  of  the  late 
Hon.  Charles  E.  Casgrain,  M.L.C.,  who  died  in  1862, 
and  secondly  in  1866,  to  Virginie  A.,  second  daughter 
of  the  late  Hon.  M.  P.  deSales  La  Terriere,  M.D.,  and 

Sir  Alphonse  Pelletier  is  a  member  of  the  Garrison 



Mr.  Charles  Alexander,  Montreal,  retired  confec- 
tioner and  Justice  of  the  Peace,  was  born  in  1816,  at 
Dundee,  Scotland,  his  father  being  John  Alexander 
and  his  mother's  maiden  name,  Marina  Mudie.  Hav- 
ing been  educated  at  the  Parochial  Grammar  School 
at  Dundee,  he  was  apprenticed  to  the  great  firm  of 
Keillor  and  Sons,  who  are  famous  the  world  over  as 
manufacturers  of  marmalade,  etc.  April  5th,  1840, 
Mr.  Alexander  left  Dundee  for  Montreal  on  the  ship 
Atlantic,  which  ran  ashore  and  was  wrecked  during 
the  night  of  May  5th  at  Torbay,  near  St.  Johns,  New- 
foundland. All  of-  the  passengers,  with  the  exception 
of  one.  boy,  were  saved  ;  all  of  their  possessions  with 
the  exception  of  what  they  had  on  were  lost.  It  was 
June  before  the  ship-wrecked  immigrants  reached  Mon- 
treal, and  for  a  year  after  his  arrival  he  worked  at  his 
trade,  removing  at  the  end  of  that  period  to  London, 
Out.,  where  he  entered  into  a  partnership  with  Mr. 
11.  J.  Matthewson.  At  the  end  of  another  year  he 
returned  to  Montreal,  where,  after  working  as  a 
journeyman  for  some  months,  opened  in  business  for 
himself  in  1842.  He  started  in  the  general  confec- 
tionery and  manufacturing  business,  and  established 
the  pioneer  temperance  dining  rooms  in  Montreal. 
Public  spirited  and  charitable  to  a  degree,  he  was 
identified  with  church  and  municipal  work,  even  in 
the  days  of  his  early  struggles.  In  1845  he  was  elect- 
ed deacon  of  Zion  Church,  and  as  an  active  member 
of  a  committee  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society,  went  to 
Quebec  to  look  after  the  survivors  of  the  steamer  Mon- 
treal, destroyed  by  fire  on  the  way  from  Quebec  to 
Montreal.  For  several  years  he  represented  West 
Ward  in  the  City  Council,  was  Chairman  of  the  Fin- 
ance Committee,  and  also  represented  Montreal  in  the 
Quebec  Legislature  as  an  independent  Liberal,  in  that 
capacity  being  largely  instrumental  in  securing  a  re- 
formatory school  as  a  separate  place  of  detention  for 
the  younger  class  of  criminals.  He  was  also  largely 
instrumental  in  securing  the  establishment  of  a  separ- 
ate jail  for  female  offenders.  The  list  of  official  posi- 

tions in  charitable  institutions  held  by  Mr.  Alexander 
is  a  formidable  one,  being  in  part  as  follows : — Mem- 
ber of  the  Board  of  Management  of  the  Montreal  Gen- 
eral Hospital  from  1860  to  May,  1900,  when,  he,  then 
being  Vice-President,  resigned,  owing  to  increasing 
deafness.  Elected  on  first  Board  of  Management 
Protestant  House  of  Industry  and  Refuge,  1863,  life 
member  1867,  President  1887  to  1900,  when,  resign- 
ing he  was  elected  Honorary- President ;  President  of 
the  Boys  Home  since  its  erection,  1873;  Member  of 
the  Board  of  Management  of  the  Mackay  Institute 
for  Deaf  Mutes  and  blind  since  the  beginning  of  the 
work,  and  President  for  the  first  six  years,  at  the  end 
of  that  time  resigning  in  favor  of  the  late  Joseph  Mac- 
kay ;  re-elected  President  in  1900,  and  still  holding 
office.  One  of  the  founders  of  the  Protestant  Hos- 
pital for  the  Insane,  Verdun,  is  a  life  governor ;  was 
Vice-President  and  is  now  Honorary  Vice-President. 
Vice-President  for  many  years  of  the  Montreal  Sail- 
ors Institute  and  now  President.  Has  been  and  is 
still  President  of  the  Canadian  S.  P.  C.  A.  Is  a 
founder  and  still  committeeman  of  the  S.  P.  W.  &  C., 
is  a  life  member  of  the  M.A.A.A.,  Mechanics  Insti- 
tute, Caledonian  Society,  Orphan  Asylum,  Y.  M. 
C.  A.,  Montreal  Dispensary.  President  of  the 
Homeopathic  Association,  and  of  the  Widows  and  Or- 
phans Fund  of  the  Congregational  Union  of  Canada. 
Chairman  and  Hon. -Treasurer  of  the  Fresh  Air  Fund, 
and  a  trustee  of  the  Sheltering  Home.  Member  of 
the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  Citizens  League,  Good 
Government  Asssociation,  and  Montreal  Aft  Associa- 

In  1838  Mr.  Alexander  was  married  in  Dundee, 
Scotland,  to  Margaret  Kyle,  and  there  have  been  issue 
of  the  union  the  following  sons  and  daughters : —  K.  Alexander,  Henry  M.,  Charles  M.,  Mrs. 
Robert  Warren,  of  Chicago,  John  F.,  James  K.,  and 
Mrs.  Robert  Darling,  of  Toronto.  Of  the  above 
Thomas  K.,  Henry  M.,  and  James  K.  are  deceased. 



No  merchant  in  Ontario  is  perhaps  more  widely 
or  favorably  known  than  Major  John  Alexander  Mur- 
ray, Vice-President  of  the  famous  Toronto  dry  goods 
house  of  W.  A.  Murray  &  Co.,  Limited.  He  was  born 
on  the  1 7th  July,  1854,  in  Limerick,  Ireland,  where  his 
father  the  late  W.  A.  Murray  was  for  several  years 
head  silk  buyer  for  Messrs.  Todd  &  Co.  The  follow- 
ing year  the  family  came  to  Hamilton,  Canada,  where 
they  remained  for  two  years,  when  they  removed  to 
Toronto,  when  Major  Murray's  father  established  the 
firm  of  "Wylie  &  Murray."  A  short  time  after  Mr. 
Wylie  retired  and  the  W.  A.  Murray  &  Co.,  was  then 
formed.  Major  Murray  was  educated  at  St.  Michael's 
College,  Toronto,  and  St.  Hyacinthe's  College,.  St 
Hyacinthe,  Quebec.  On  completing  his  studies  he  en- 
tered his  father's  business  and  has  since  devoted  his 
time  to  its  management  and  development  until  it  has 
grown  into  the  vast  enterprise  which  exists  at  the  pre- 
sent time  with  a  reputation  for  high  class  goods  and 
honorable  dealing  unexcelled  in  the  Dominion.  He  is 
also  President  of  the  Toronto  Carpet  Manufacturing 
Co.,  Limited,  which  concern  has  developed  by  leaps 
and  bounds,  and  to-day  is  acknowledged  as  makers  of 
the  best  goods  in  their  particular  line  in  the  Dominion 

of  Canada.  The  Major  is  exceedingly  popular,  and 
equally  well-known  through  his  military  career.  For 
the  past  twenty-six  years  he  has  been  a  member  of  the 
Queen's  Own  Rifles  of  Canada,  first  joining  as  a  pri- 
vate in  'F'  Company,  and  a  couple  of  years  later  taking 
a  commission.  He  took  a  prominent  part  in  reforming 
the  Old  University  Company  of  that  regiment,  and 
now  holds  the  high  rank  of  Senior  Alajor,  and  second 
in  command  of  that  splendid  body  of  loyal  Canadians. 
He  takes  the  warmest  interest  in  athletic  sports,  and 
all  the  great  Canadian  games  and  pastimes.  One  of 
his  early  exploits  is  still  fresh  in  the  memory  of  many 
in  aquatic  circles  when  he  rowed  in  1877  with  Telfer 
Arthurs  across  the  lake  to  Xiagara,  accomplishing  the 
trip  in  eight  hours.  The  Major  is  a  member  of  the 
National  Club  and  in  politics  a  Conservative. 

Major  .Murray  has  also  been  greatly  interested  in 
the  development  of  the  Scarborough  Heights,  his  own, 
delightful  country  house  being  situated  on  the  Heights 
overlooking  the  lake.  He  married  a  daughter  of  Cap- 
tain Chas.  Perry  and  has  four  children.  Charles 
Alexander  liruce,  John  Allan,  Mary  Marjorie  and 
Gordon  M.  Murray — his  town  residence  is  at  170 
Jarvis  St. 



Mr.  Charles  M.  Holt,  K.C.,  L  L.D.,  is  a  native  of 
Quebec,  being  a  son  of  the  late  Judge  Charles  G.  Holt, 
of  that  city.  He  was  educated  at  Bishops  College 
School,  Lennoxville,  and  Laval  University.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Montreal  liar,  and  of  the  Library  Com- 
mittee of  that  body.  He  is  lecturer  in  McGill  Uni- 
versity, post  graduate  course ;  author  of  the  standard 
work,  'Insurance  Law  of  Canada,'  cited  in  our  Courts 
in  all  important  insurance  cases,  and  lecturer  on  In- 
surance Law.  He  has  been  a  contributor  of  law  ar- 
ticles of  wide  reputation  to  various  legal  journals,  and 
has  been  in  active  legal  practice  in  Montreal  ever  since 
his  admission  to  the  Bar. 

Mr.  Holt  is  a  Director  of  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital,  the  Charity  Organization  Society,  the  Anti- 
Tuberculosis  League,  the  Lennoxville  School  Asso- 
ciation and  other  educational  and  charitable  institu- 

In  politics  Mr.  Holt  is  a  Conservative,  in  religion 
a  Presbyterian,  and  he  is  married  to  Mabel,  daughter 
of  the  late  Senator  Cochrane.  His  residence  is  No. 
215  Milton  Street,  Montreal,  and  he  is  a  member  of 
the  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Club,  the  Montreal  Hunt 
Club  and  the  St.  James  Club. 


Of  the  prominent  men  in  Canada  who  had  their 
birthplace  in  the  United  States  and  have  cast  in  their 
lot  as  British  subjects  with  Canada,  is  John  Philip 
Wiser,  of  the  town  of  Prescott,  in  the  Province  of  On- 

Born  in  Trenton,  Oneida  County,  in  the  State  of 
New  York,  one  of  the  United  States  of  America,  the 
son  of  Isaac  John  Wiser  and  Mary  Egert,  his  wife, 
educated  in  the  schools  of  his  native  County,  he  came 
to  Canada  as  manager  for  Egert  and  Averall,  then  con- 
ducting the  distillery  business  in  Prescott. 

In  the  year  1857  he  purchased  an  interest  in  the 
firm  and  in  the  year  1862  acquired  all  his  partner's 
interest  in  the  distillery  business.  This  business  has 
been  operated  by  Mr.  Wiser  since  1857,  and  its  pro- 
ducts are  sold  throughout  the  Dominion  of  Canada  and 
exported  to  the  United  States,  China  and  the  Philip- 
pine Islands. 

The  distillery  gives  employment  to  nearly  100  men 
and  is  the  third  in  capacity  in  the  Dominion.  Besides 
the  above  Messrs.  J.  P.  Wiser  &  Sons,  Ltd.,  which  is 
the  present  style  of  the  firm  of  which  Mr.  Wiser  is 
President,  own  and  operate  in  connection  with  their 
farm  of  600  acres,  situated  half  mile  west  of  Prescott, 
a  large  brick  yard,  giving  employment  to  forty  men  in 
the  manufacture  of  pressed  and  common  brick  and 
drain  tile. 

The  stables  in  connection  with  the  distillery  are 
capable  of  feeding  1000  cattle.  From  these  barns  the 
first  cattle  were  exported  to  Great  Britain,  and  Mr. 
Wiser  can  claim  to  be  the  pioneer  in  the  export  cattle 

In  addition  to  his  interest  in  Canada,  Mr.  Wiser 
was  the  President  of  the  Dominion  Cattle  Co.  that 
operated  a  ranch  of  1,750,00x3  acres  in  the  PanHandle 
district  of  Texas,  U.S.,  when  their  lands  were  opened 
for  settlement  by  the  United  States.  Mr.  Wiser  ac- 
quired a  ranch  in  Lyon  &  Waubunsee  Counties,  Kan- 
sas, where  he  had  as  many  as  4,000  cattle  that  were 
bred  and  fattened  for  the  Kansas  City  and  Chicago 
markets.  Selling  out  the  above  interests  in  1895,  he 
has  since  confined  his  attention  to  his  business  in  Pres- 

To  the  live  stock  industry  of  Canada,  the  enterprise 
and  intelligence  of  Mr.  Wiser  has  been  of  great  value. 
He  served  as  a  member  of  the  ( Jntario  Agricultural 
Commission  in  1880,  and  imported  at  great  expense 
the  celebrated  Rysdyk  1  lambletonian  Stallion  and 
other  high-bred  trotting  stock  into  Canada,  notably 
Chestnut  Hill,  Phil  Sheridan,  Hiram  Woodruff,  Or- 
ient, Win.  IJ.  Smith,  i'.arbara  Patchen  and  Joe  ISrown, 
which  were  trained  and  stood  on  his  farm. 

Mr.  Wiser  is  President  of  the  1'rescott  Elevator  Co. 
and  a  director  in  the  Montreal  Stock  Yards  Co.,  Mon- 
treal Lighterage  Co.,  and  Imperial  Starch  Co. 

A  Liberal  in  politics,  he  was  returned  to  the  House 
of  Commons  in  18/8,  but  did  not  seek  re-election. 

Married  to  Emily,  second  daughter  of  Hon.  H. 
Godard,  of  St.  Lawrence  County,  X.Y.  Issue,  four 
sons  and  two  daughters.  Harlow  G.,  Eugene  Franlc, 
John  Abel,  Isaac  P.,  Mary  Kate  and  Alice  Maude. 
Those  surviving  are  Eugene  F.,  Treasurer ;  Isaac  P., 
Vice-President  of  J.  P.  Wiser  &  Sons,  Ltd.,  and  Mary 
Kate,  wife  of  W.  C.  Brown,  Chief  Engineer  of  the 
Worthington  Pump  Co.,  of  Brooklyn,  N.Y. 


Mr.  George  Greene  Foster.  K.C..  attorney,  of 
Montreal,  was  born  at  Knowlton,  One.,  Jan.  2ist., 
1860,  his  parents  being  Samuel  Willard  Foster  and 
Kllen  Greene,  his  wife.  Mr.  Foster  was  educated  at 
Knowlton  Academy  and  McGill  University,  Montreal, 
graduating  from  the  last-named  institution  of  learning 
with  the  degree  of  15.C.L.,  in  March,  1881.  After  be- 
ing admitted  to  the  liar,  he  practised  his  profession  at 
Knowlton  from  July,  1881  to  August,  1886,  coming  to 
Montreal  in  the  latter  year  and  has  practised  here  ever 
since.  Me  has  been  associated  at  different  times  in 
partnership  with  the  Hon.  Judge  W.  W.  Lynch,  Judge 
J.  S.  Archibald,  and  Judge  Girouard  of  the  Supreme 
Court  of  Canada,  and  is  at  present  at  the  head  of  the 
firm  of  Foster,  Martin,  Archibald  &  Mann.  This  firm 
has  a  large  general,  railway  and  insurance  practice, 
having  been  engaged  in  the  principal  insurance  litiga- 
tion in  Montreal  for  ten  years,  always  on  behalf  of  the 
insurance  companies.  The  firm  are  the  attorneys  for 

the  New  York  Central  Railway,  the  St.  Lawrence  & 
Adirondack  Railway,  the  Rutland  Railway,  the  Mid- 
land Railway,  and  the  Or  ford  Mountain  Railway. 

A  member  of  an  old  Conservative  family,  and  a 
staunch  member  of  the  Conservative  party  himself, 
Mr.  Foster  has  always  taken  an  active  interest  in 
public  affairs,  and  in  1896  unsuccessfully  contested  the 
County  of  Brome,  being  defeated  by  the  Hon.  S.  A. 
Fisher,  Minister  of  Agriculture.  Was  elected  presi- 
dent of  the  Eastern  Townships  Conservative  Associa- 
tion in  1894. 

Mr.  Foster  was  married  January  1st,  1896,  to  Mary 
Maud,  only  daughter  of  the  late  Hon.  Mr.  Justice 
Buchanan,  and  their  family  consists  of  a  son  and 
daughter,  George  Buchanan  Foster  and  Ruth  Elizabeth 

Mr.  Foster  is  a  member  of  the  Rideau  Club, 
Ottawa  ;  the  Montreal  Club,  and  the  Montreal  Hunt 



F.R.C.V.S.  Lon.,  V.S.  Edin.,  D.V.S.  McGill. 

Duncan  McNab  McEachran,  until  very  recently 
Dean  of  the  Faculty  of  Comparative  Medicine  of  Mc- 
Gill University,  was  born  at  Campbelltown,  Argyle- 
shire,  Scotland,  Oct.  27111,1841.  Duncan  McEachran, 
after  receiving  a  sound  elementary  education  at  the 
schools  of  his  native  place,  at  the  age  of  seventeen  pro- 
ceeded to  Edinburgh  to  complete  his  education,  and 
soon  after,  entering  the  Veterinary  College  there,  com- 
menced the  study  of  veterinary  surgery  under  the  late 
Professor  Dick.  Shortly  after  completing  his  pro- 
fessional studies,  in  the  autumn  of  1862,  he  came  to 
Canada,  and  for  three  years  engaged  with  marked 
success  in  the  practice  of  his  profession  at  Woodstock, 
Ontario,  at  the  same  time  preceding  to  Toronto  dur- 
ing part  of  the  winter  to  give  lectures  on  professional 
subjects.  In  1866  he  removed  to  Montreal,  where 
he  soon  built  up  a  large  and  lucrative  practice. 
Through  the  influence  of  the  late  Major  Campbell, 
President  of  the  Board  of  Agriculture,  and  supported 
by  Principal  (later  Sir  William,)  Dawson,  and  the  late 
Dr.  G.  W.  Campbell,  Dean  of  the  Medical  Faculty  of 
McGill  University,  an  arrangement  was  made  whereby 
Professor  McEachran  was  to  deliver  a  course  of  lec- 
tures on  veterinary  science  in  connection  with  the 
regular  medical  course  of  the  University.  This  may 
be  said  to  have  been  the  nucleus  of  the  Montreal  Vet- 
erinary College. 

In  1875,  to  accommodate  the  increasing  number  of 
veterinary  students  the  Montreal  Veterinary  College 
was  established  by  Dr.  McEachran,  and  the  College 
buildings  on  Union  Avenue,  erected  at  the  personal 
expense  of  the  founder  and  principal.  This  college 
was  long  considered  the  very  highest  of  its  class  in 
America,  and  ranked  high  among  the  veterinary  col- 
leges of  Europe.  The  Montreal  Veterinary  College 
made  rapid  progress,  the  thoroughness  of  its  system 
of  training,  and  the  high  standing  of  its  graduates 
attracting  students  from  all  parts  of  the  United  States, 
Canada,  the  West  Indian  Islands,  Japan  and  Great 
Britain.  In  1890,  the  college  became  more  closely 
affiliated  with  McGill  University,  becoming  the  Fac- 
ulty of  Comparative  Medicine,  its  Principal,  Dr.  Mc- 
Eachran, taking  the  official  position  of  Dean  of  the 
Faculty,  which  position  he  held  till  March,  1903,  when 
he  resigned  his  position  on  the  staff  of  the  University, 
having  decided  to  devote  his  whole  attention  to  his 
western  stock  raising  enterprise.  It  was  on  the  ad- 
vice of  Dr.  McEachran  that  the  Dominion  Govern- 
ment created  the  present  cattle  and  quarantine  service, 

Dr.  McEachran  was  appointed  Chief  Inspector  for 
the  Dominion,  and  was  practically  given  charge  of 
the  organization  of  the  service.  This  position  he 
held  for  twenty-six  years,  when  he  resigned,  taking 
the  position  of  Hon. -Adviser  to  the  Government  on 
all  matters  relating  to  health  of  animals.  The  thor- 
oughness of  his  work  has  since  been  abundantly  test- 
ed. The  export  cattle  trade  also  owes  much  to  Dr. 
McEachran's  skill  and  foresight,  for  in  the  early  days 
of  the  trade  he  did  much  to  direct  it  along  the  right 
channels,  and  to  secure  the  enforcement  of  eminently 
sensible  government  regulations  which  have  done 
much  to  assure  the  steady  advancement  of  the  trade. 
He  repeatedly  represented  Canada  at  Scientific  Con- 
gresses in  German}-  and  liritain,  the  last  being  the  Tub- 
erculosis Congress  held  at  London  in  1891. 

On  the  raising  of  the  Royal  College  of  Veterinary 
Surgeons  to  university  rank  in  1875  J-*r-  McEachran 
was  elected  a  fellow,  being  the  only  Canadian  thus 
honored.  He  was  appointed  a  Justice  of  the  Peace 
in  1886,  and  served  in  the  Active  Militia  for  ten 
years  as  veterinary  surgeon  of  the  3rd  (Montreal) 
Field  Battery.  He  did  good  service  in  assisting  ma- 
terially in  raising  and  organizing  the  famous  Strath- 
cona  Horse.  Dr.  McEachran  was  one  of  the  original 
pioneers  of  the  Alberta  ranching  industry.  In  1881, 
four  years  in  advance  of  the  C.  P.  R.  line,  he  visited 
Alberta  in  company  with  the  late  Senator  M.  H. 
Cochrane,  of  Compton.  They  proceeded  via  the  Mis- 
souri river  to  Fort  Benton,  Mont.,  thence  driving 
across  the  plains  to  the  site  of  the  present  city  of  Cal- 
gary at  the  junction  of  the  Bow  and  Elbow  rivers.  He 
was  Vice-President  of  the  Cochrane  Ranche  Company 
till  1883,  when  he  became  General  Manager  of  the 
Walrond  Cattle  Ranche  Company,  of  which  the  late 
Sir  John  Walrond,  Bart.,  was  President,  and  which 
is  now  the  largest  and  one  of  the  most  successful 
ranches  in  Canada.  Dr.  McEachran  being  the  present 
President  and  General  Manager. 

June  Qth,  1868,  Dr.  McEachran  was  married  to 
Esther,  youngest  daughter  of  the  late  Timothy  Plas- 
kett  of  St  Croix,  West  Indies,  and  their  family  con- 
sisted of  two  daughters,  Evelyn  Victoria,  who  died 
May  24th,  1869,  and  Jennie  Blackney  McEachran,  now 
Mrs.  H.  B.  Young,  Westmount,  Montreal. 

Dr.  McEachran  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James 
Club.  Montreal,  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  the 
Manitoba  Club,  Winnepeg,  and  MacLeod  Club,  Al- 



Randolph  Hcrsey,  Montreal,  President  of  the 
Pillow  and  Hersey  Manufacturing  Company,  Limited, 
was  born  at  Canton,  Oxford  County,  Maine,  Nov. 
30th,  1829,  his  parents  being  John  Hersey  and  Mary 
Howe  Holland,  his  wife.  Mr.  Kersey's  ancestors 
came  from  England  in  1630,  and  1635  settling  in 
Massachusetts  ;  his  father  was  a  farmer,  merchant  and 
manufacturer  of  starch ;  he  also  held  important  official 
positions  in  the  Town,  County  and  State  where  he  re- 

Mr.  Hersey  received  a  common  school  education, 
such  as  was  obtainable  in  the  country  sixty  to  seventy, 
years  ago ;  also  atended  a  High  School  three  terms  of 
about  twelve  weeks  each.  At  the  age  of  sixteen  he 
was  obliged  to  provide  for  himself,  his  father  having 
lost  his  property,  caused  by  the  great  blight  to  pota- 
toes (Potatoe  Rot).  The  same  year  terrible  distress 
was  caused  in  Ireland,  many  dying  from  starvation 
through  the  same  cause.  The  disease  among  potatoes 
was  so  great  that  it  was  impossible  to  procure  them 
for  starch-making,  and  his  father  being  under  con- 
tract to  Boston  merchants  to  supply  them  with  starch, 
had  to  succumb  to  the  inevitable.  He  had  just 
property  enough  to  pay  his  liabilities  in  full,  which  he 
did,  leading  him  pennyless.  Mr.  Hersey  left  Ills 
home,  went  to  Massb..  nussetts,  learned  the  trade  of 
making  shoes,  worked  at  that  trade  in  Massachus- 
setts,  Maine,  St.  Louis,  Missouri,  and  New  York 
City,  and  was  purser  on  a  freight  and  passenger 
steamboat,  plying  on  the  Ohio,  Mississippi,  Cumber- 
land and  Illinois  Rivers.  Now-a-days  this  craft  would 
be  called  a  "tramp"  boat.  Mr.  Hersey  abandoned 
steamboating  on  account  of  his  duties  entailing  so 
much  night  work.  There  with  various  other  employ- 
ments, attended  with  trials  more  or  less  severe,  as  is 
usual  with  young  men  in  starting  out  for  themselves, 
occupied  Mr.  Hersey's  time  until  1852,  when  he  came 
to  Montreal  and  has  made  that  city  his  home  since. 
He  learned  the  trade  of  making  cut  nails  with  his 
uncle,  Mansfield  Holland,  of  the  firm  of  Holland  & 
Dunn,  who  were  among  the  first  to  manufacture  nails 
in  Canada.  During  this  year  Mr.  Dunn  sold  out  to 
Mr.  Holland  and  went  to  Australia,  where  the  gold  ex- 
citement was  a*  its  height.  The  following  year,  1853, 
Mr.  Hersey  was  made  foreman  of  the  shop,  subse- 
quently becoming  a  partner  in  the  business.  In  1858 
and  1859  Mr.  Holland  built  the  first  Rolling  Mill  in 

Montreal,  the  one  now  operated  by  the  Pillow  &  Her- 
sey M'f'g.  Co.  It  was  removed  from  Mill  street,  its 
original  site,  to  St.  Patrick  street,  the  area  on  the 
former  street  being  too  small  for  the  increasing 

In  1862  Mr.  Hersey  sold  his  interest  in  the  nail 
business  to  his  uncle  and  his  uncle's  son,  and  entered 
the  firm  of  T.  D.  Bigelow  &  Son,  which  was  founded 
by  Mr.  T.  D.  Bigelow 's  father,  the  pioneer  nail-maker 
in  Canada.  After  the  death  of  Mr.  T.  D.  Bigelow 
(about  1864)  the  firm's  name  changed  toj.  T.  Bige- 
low &  Co.,  the  partners  being  J.  T.  Bigelow, 
Randolph  Hersey  and  John  A.  Pillow.  This 
Company  continued  for  three  years.  Then  the 
year  after  the  death  of  J.  T.  Bigelow,  the 
firms  name  was  changed  to  that  of  Pillow, 
Hersey  &  Co.,  the  partners  being  John  A.  Pillow 
and  Randolph  Hersey.  In  1887  the  Company 
was  incorporated  under  the  name  of  the  "Pillow 
&  Hersey  M'f'g.  Co.,  Ltd.,"  with  Randolph  Hersey 
as  President,  John  A.  Pillow,  Vice-President  and  Gen- 
eral Manager,  and  Mr.  W.  S.  Bryden,  Secretary.  Mr. 
John  A.  Pillow  was  made  President  in  1890  and  held 
the  office  till  his  death  in  February,  1902.  Mr.  Her- 
sey was  then  again  elected  President  and  still  holds 
that  office. 

The  plant  of  the  Pillow  and  Hersey  Manufacturing 
Company  in  Montreal,  now  covers  250,000  square  feet 
and  gives  employment  to  about  700  employees.,  The 
paid  up  capital  of  the  Company  is  $600,000,  and  the 
product  of  its  works  goes  all  over  the  world,  though 
its  chief  market  is  found  in  Canada. 

Mr.  Hersey  being  a  man  of  wide  experience  and 
sound  business  judgment,  holds  responsible  positions 
in  other  commercial  corporations,  being  Vice-President 
of  the  Page,  Hersey  Iron  and  Tube  Company,  and  Di- 
rector of  the  Gould  Cold  Storage  Company. 

Mr.  Hersey  was  married  in  1856  to  Miss  Mary 
Louise  Price,  of  the  union,  there  being  ten  children, 
eight  sons  and  two  daughters,  of  whom  six  sons  and 
one  daughter  are  still  living.  After  the  death  of  his 
first  wife,  he,  in  1874,  married  Miss  Margaret  Ann 
Crawford,  of  which  mafriage  there  have  been  four 
daughters,  all  of  whom  are  living. 

He  is  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital,  the  Western  Hospital  and  the  Protestant 
Hospital  for  the  Insane.  For  more  than  forty  years 
he  has  been  a  member  of  the  Mechanics'  Institute. 



Mr.  Richard  Wilson-Smith  came  to  Montreal  from 
Ireland  about  a  quarter  of  a  century  ago,  and  has  lived 
in  the  commercial  metropolis  of  Canada  ever  since, 
building  up  in  the  interval  a  business  and  a  place  in  the 
public  life  of  the  city,  which  have  placed  him  in  the 
very  fore-front  of  financial  and  public  affairs  in  Mont- 
real. A  few  years  after  arriving  in  Montreal,  Mr.  R. 
Wilson-Smith  became  publisher  and  chief  editor  of  the 
"  Insurance  and  Finance  Chronicle,"  a  publication 
which  has  since  occupied  a  prominent  place  in  the 
financial  journalism  of  Canada.  As  a  tribute  to  his 
position  in  the  journalistic  world,  Mr.  Wilson-Smith 
was  elected  President  of  the  Province  of  Quebec  Press 
Association.  He  has  become  best  known  as  a  financial 
agent  and  investment  broker,  and  has  very  extensive 
and  valuable  connections.  As  an  authority  on  insur- 
ance and  financial  matters  he  has  few  equals,  a  remark- 
able tribute  to  his  capability  as  a  financier  and  to  his 
high  standing  in  the  community,  being  the  tender  to 
him  by  the  Hon.  E.  J.  Flynn,  Prime  Minister  of  the 
Province  of  Quebec,  in  1896,  of  the  office  of  Provincial 
Treasurer,  an  offer  Mr.  Wilson-Smith  declined.  In 
1893  he  was  elected  to  the  City  Council  of  Montreal  as 
alderman  for  St.  Lawrence  Ward,  and  at  once  took  a 
leading  position  among  the  party  of  aldermen  specially 
interested  in  the  subject  of  municipal  reform.  His  ad- 
vice and  experience  proved  particularly  valuable  in 
connection  with  the  discussion  of  the  grave  financial 
problems  with  which  the  city  was  at  that  time  con- 
fronted. He  was  largely  instrumental  in  securing  the 
passage  of  the  legislation  which  put  a  period  to  reckless 
expenditures,  and  fixed  reasonable  limits  to  the  city's 
borrowing  power.  To  accomplish  these  important 
reforms  Mr.  Wilson-Smith  secured  and  held  the  hearty 
co-operation  of  the  Council  of  the  Board  of  Trade  and 
leading  bankers  as  well  as  of  others  of  the  most  influ- 
ential members  of  the  financial  community,  a  powerful 
deputation  accompanying  him  to  Quebec,  and  support- 
ing him  in  his  demands  for  restrictive  amendments  to 
*he  City  Charter.  As  a  reward  for  his  invaluable  ser- 
vices of  the  city,  Mr.  Wilson-Smith  was  in  1896, 
unanimously  elected  Mayor  of  Montreal,  a  position  he 
filled  with  conspicuous  dignity  and  success.  During 
his  term  of  office  many  important  events  took  place, 
such  as  the  Queen's  Diamond  Jubilee,  and  the  visits  of 

the  British  Medical  Association,  the  British  Associa- 
tion for  the  Advancement  of  Science,  and  the  largest 
squadron  of  British  warships  which  has  ever  come  to 
Montreal.  On  his  retirement  from  his  two  years' 
mayoralty  term,  the  citizens  tendered  him  a  banquet  at 
the  Windsor  Hotel  and  also  presented  him  with  an 
address.  Those  present  at  the  banquet  included  the 
Governor-General,  the  Premier,  the  Lieutenant-Gov- 
ernor,  the  Roman  Catholic  and  Protestant  Archbishops, 
and  other  leading  citizens  of  Canada.  In  the  general 
elections  of  the  same  year  he  unsuccessfully  contested 
St.  Lawrence  division  for  the  House  of  Commons  in 
the  Conservative  interest. 

In  1892  Mr.  Wilson-Smith  became  a  member  of  the 
Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  and  in  1898  he  purchased  a 
seat  on  the  Montreal  Stock  Exchange,  forming  a 
separate  partnership  with  Mr.  G.  H.  Meldrum,  under 
the  name  of  R.  Wilson-Smith,  Meldrum  &  Company, 
in  connection  with  stock  exchange  business.  In  1897 
he  formed  a  syndicate  to  which  was  allotted  $1,250,000 
of  the  Fielding  loan. 

He  has  large  interests  in  several  industrial  and 
mercantile  enterprises.  He  was  one  of  the  original 
directors  of  the  Lachine  Rapids  Hydraulic  and  Land 
Company,  which  undertook  successfully  the  develop- 
ment of  the  vast  water  power  of  the  Lachine  Rapids. 
He  is  President  of  the  Canada  Accident  Company,  a 
trustee  -:'f  ihe  Guardian  AsMirance  Company,  Vice- 
President  of  the  Montreal  Trust  and  Deposit  Com- 
pany, the  National  Security  Company,  of  Xew 
York,  etc..  and  resident  Vice-President  of  the 
American  Surety  Company. 

Mr.  Wilson-Smith  was  for  some  years  a  member  of 
the  Protestant  Board  of  School  Commissioners,  Mont- 
real, and  is  a  governor  of  the  Montreal  Diocesan  Theo- 
logical College,  and  a  trustee  of  the  University  of 
Bishop's  College.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  Synod 
of  the  Anglican  Diocese  of  Montreal,  president  of  the 
Montreal  Horticultural  Society  and  Honorary  Lieuten- 
ant-Colonel of  the  and  Regiment  of  Canadian  Artil- 
lery. He  is  a  governor  of  Verdun  Asylum  and  of  the 
Montreal  General,  Notre-Dame  and  Western  Hos- 
pitals. He  is  also  a  member  of  the  City,  St.  James 
and  Canada  Clubs. 



Mr.  Thomas  J.  Drummond,  Merchant  and  Manu- 
facturer, Montreal,  was  born  September  26th,  1860, 
in  the  County  of  Leitrim,  Ireland,  his  parents  being 
the  late  George  Drunimond  and  Elizabeth  Soden,  his 
wife.  He  came  with  his  parents  and  the  other  mem- 
bers of  his  family  to  Canada  in  1864,  and  has  made 
his  home  in  Montreal  ever  since.  He  was  educated 
in  Montreal.  In  1881,  in  conjunction  with  James  T. 
McCall.  and  his  brother,  Mr.  George  E.  Drummond, 
he  founded  the  present  well-known  firm  of  Drum- 
mond, McCall  &  Company,  and  has  been  closely  iden- 
tified with  the  iron  and  steel  industry  of  Canada  ever 
since.  Mr.  Drummond  is  at  the  present  time  Presi- 
dent of  the  Londonderry,  (N.S.)  Iron  and  Mining 
Company;  President  of  the  Montreal  Pipe  Foundry 

Company,  Yice-President  of  the  Canadian  Iron  and 
Foundry  Company,  whose  plant  is  at  Hamilton,  Ont., 
Yice-President  of  the  Montreal  Water  and  Power 
Company,  a  director  of  the  Iron  Furnace  Company, 
and  Imperial  Life  Insurance  Company. 

Mr.  Drummond  has  been  for  many  years  an  active 
member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  and  was  for 
some  time  a  member  of  the  council  of  that  body. 

Mr.  Drummond  married  Oct.  loth,  1892,  Edith, 
daughter  of  General  A.  L.  Chetlain  of  the  United 
States  Army,  Chicago,  111. 

Mr.  Drummond  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James, 
Canada  and  Montreal  Clubs,  and  the  Toronto  Club, 



Mr.  Charles  Fuller  Gildersleeve,  Kingston,  Out., 
President  af  the  Lake  Ontario  and  Bay  of  Quinte 
Steamboat  Co.,  is  of  the  sixth  generation  of  this 
family  which  has  been  engaged  in  the  building,  owner- 
ship and  management  of  shipping.  On  his  mother's 
side  Mr.  Gildersleeve  is  of  Old  United  Empire  Loyal- 
ist stock.  His  father  was  the  late  Mr.  Henry  Gilder- 
sleeve, who  went  to  Kingston,  Out.,  in  1816,  to  assist 
in  the  building  of  the  "Frontenac,"  the  first  steamboat 
launched  on  Lake  Ontario ;  his  mother's  name  being 
Sarah  Finkle.  He  was  born  at  Kingston,  Out.,  Oct. 
I7th,  1833,  and  was  educated  at  Upper  Canada  Col- 
lege. Being  intended  for  the  legal  profession  he  un- 
derwent the  usual  course,  and  was  called  to  the  l!ar 
in  1859.  He  practised  with  success  for  several  years, 
but  in  1864,  on  his  brother's  death  he  relinquished  his 
practice  to  assume  the  management  of  the  steamboat 
business  established  by  his  father  in  1817,  and  main- 
tained by  his  father  and  brother  ever  since  that  date. 
Mr.  Gildersleeve  has  remained  in  the  steamboat  busi- 
ness since  1864,  having  built  and  owned  the  "Corin- 
thian," "Norseman,''  "Maud,"  "Welshman"  and 
"North  King,"  and  having  owned  the  "Empress," 
"Bay  of  Quinte,"  "Hastings"  and  "Hero,"  all  of 
which  vessels  are  well-known  on  the  inland  waterways 
of  Canada.  In  1893  MH  Gildersleeve  organized  the 
Lake  Ontario  and  Bay  of  Quinte  Steamboat  Company, 
which  took  over  his  steamers,  he  becoming  the  first 
manager.  In  1894  he  was  appointed  general  mana- 
ger of  the  Richelieu  &  Ontario  Navigation  Company, 
Montreal,  which  owns  over  twenty-five  steamers  and 
operates  the  principal  passenger  and  freight  lines  be- 

tween the  head  of  Lake  Ontario  and  the  River  Sagne- 
nay.  Under  his  active  management  the  business  of 
the  company  developed  greatly — new  steamers,  the 
finest  on  inland  waters  were  built,  and  during  the 
whole  of  his  term  the  shareholders  received  regular 
dividends,  although  for  eight  years  previously  none 
whatever  had  been  paid.  In  1904  he  resigned  from 
the  R.  &  ()  and  resumed  charge  of  the  L.  O.  &  15  of 
O.  Steamboat  Co.,  which  he  has  controlled  since  its 
formation.  While  a  resident  of  Kingston,  and  espe- 
cially between  the  years  1864  and  1894,  Mr  Gilder- 
sleeve took  an  active  interest  in  public  affairs.  A 
Liberal  in  politics  he  was  foremost  in  redeeming 
the  city  from  its  former  Conservative  proclivities. 
He  served  as  alderman  for  many  years  and  one  yeai 
as  mayor,  and  largely  through  his  leadership  the 
finances  of  the  city  were  placed  in  a  healthy  condition, 
and  new  waterworks  and  other  improvements  con- 
structed. He  took  the  chief  part  in  the  promotion  of 
the  Kingston  &  Pembroke  Railway  and  was  President 
of  the  company  from  its  formation  in  1870  until  in 
1901  it  became  part  of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Railway 
System.  He  also  took  an  active  part  in  the  establish- 
ment of  the  Kingston  School  of  Mining  and  Agricul- 

Mr.  Gildersleeve  married  Mary  Elizabeth,  daughtei 
of  Charles  L.  Herchmer,  of  Belleville,  Out.,  and  theii 
family  consists  of  one  daughter,  Maud  Gertrude,  mar- 
ried to  Lt.-Col.  Victor  B.  Rivers,  of  the  Militia  head- 
quarters staff,  Ottawa,  and  one  son,  Henry  H.  Gilder- 
sleeve, general  manager  of  the  Northern  Navigation 



The  mercantile  community  of  the  city  of  Toronto 
contains  few  more  prominent  figures  than  that  of  Elias 
Rogers,  the  President  of  The  Elias  Rogers  Company, 
Limited,  which  is  undoubtedly  one  of  the  largest  and 
best  equipped  coal,  wood  and  fuel  concerns  on  the  Con- 
tinent, and  certainly  the  largest  retail  business  of  its 
kind  in  Canada. 

Klias  Rogers  is  a  native  Canadian,  having  been 
born  in  the  township  of  Whitchurch,  York  County, 
Ontario,  where  his  father,  the  late  Elias  Rogers,  was  a 
farmer.  The  subject  of  this  sketch  was  educated  at 
Newmarket  and  at  Union  Springs  College,  New  York. 
In  addition  to  his  knowledge  of  farming  acquired  at 
home,  he  gained  a  thorough  knowledge  of  the  lumber 
trade  before  he  was  twenty-three  years  of  age  and  was 
for  a  time  engaged  in  that  business.  Subsequently,  be 
became  interested  in  coal  mining  and  operated  a  coal 
mining  industry  in  Jefferson  County,  Pennsylvania.  In 
1876  he  opened  a  wholesale  and  retail  coal  business  in 
Toronto,  which  to-day  has  eclipsed  all  rivals  in  its  es- 
pecial line,  owing  its  surprising  development,  chiefly 
to  his  enterprise,  judgment,  tireless  energy  and  the  de- 
votion of  a  quarter  of  a  century  of  his  time  to  its  inter- 
ests. In-addition  to  his  being  the  President  of  the  com- 
pany which  bears  his  name  in  Toronto,  Elias  Rogers  is 

the  President  of  the  Rogers  Coal  Company,  of  Hamil- 
ton ;  President  of  the  National  Life  Assurance  Com- 
pany, a  Director  of  the  Imperial  Bank,  a  Director  of 
the  National  Trust  Company  and  several  other  com- 
mercial and  financial  organizations.  He  is  a  life  mem- 
ber and  a  past  President  of  the  Toronto  Board  of 
Trade.  He  is  a  member  of  the  National  Club,  Toronto, 
and  the  Royal  Canadian  Yacht  Club.  A  Liberal  in 
politics.  In  1887  he  was  a  member  of  the  Toronto 
City  Council,  and  has  ever  striven  to  further  the  inter- 
ests of  the  city  and  of  the  country  at  large.  He  has 
been  active  in  the  development  of  industries  in  the  ex- 
treme east  and  also  of  the  extreme  west  of  the  Domi- 
nion. Outside  the  attention  Mr.  Rogers  has  necessar- 
ily had  to  devote  to  his  business  intefests,  he  actively 
participates  in  the  furtherance  of  many  deserving 
objects — Religious  and  Philanthropic. 

Elias  Rogers  was  married  in  Toronto  in  1873  t°  a 
daughter  of  Benjamin  Selby,  of  Glasgow,  Scotland, 
the  union  having  been  blessed  with  seven  children : 
Alfred,  Mary  L.,  Sarah  P.,  John  W.,  Hazel,  Clarence 
E.  and  Isabella  May.  He  has  two  grandchildren,  Al- 
fred, son  of  his  eldest  son  Alfred,  and  Mary  the 
daughter  of  Mrs.  Beaton,  formerly  Mary  L.  Rogers. 
Mr.  Rogers  resides  at  Deer  Park,  Toronto,  Ontario, 



The  career  of  the  Premier  of  Ontario,  the  Hon. 
George  William  Ross,  is  a  shining  example  of  the  pos- 
sibilities of  that  success  in  life,  which  lies  before  every 
Canadian  youth,  blessed  with  natural  ability,  determi- 
nation and  perseverance.  George  William  Ross  is  the 
son  of  James  Ross  by  his  wife  Ellen  McKinnon,  both 
natives  of  Ross-shire,  Scotland,  who  came  to  Canada  in 
1832.  He  was  born  near  Nairn,  County  Middlesex, 
Ontario,  on  September  i8th,  1841.  Educated  in  the 
public  schools,  he  early  displayed  marked  ability  in  his 
studies,  and  received  a  County  Board  certificate  which 
empowered  him  to  teach.  He  then  took  a  course  at 
the  Normal  School,  Toronto,  where,  in  1871,  he  secur- 
ed a  first  class  provincial  certificate.  He,  later,  matri- 
culated in  law  at  Albert  University,  graduated  L.L.I', 
in  1883,  and  was  called  to  the  Bar  in  1887.  Before 
this  period,  in  1871,  he  was  appointed  Inspector  of 
Public  Schools  for  the  County  of  Lambton,  and  acted 
subsequently  in  a  similar  capacity  for  the  towns  of 
Petrolea  and  Strathroy.  He  took  a  leading  part  in  the 
County  Model  Schools  System,  and  after  their  organ- 
ization, he  prepared  a  Syllabus  of  Lectures  for  their 
direction,  and  for  a  time  filled  the  position  of  Inspec- 
tor. From  1876  to  1880  he  was  a  member  of  the  Cen- 
tral Committee  of  Examiners,  steadily  contending  for 
the  uniformity  of  text  books  and  favoring  the  limit- 
ing of  Normal  Schools  to  professional  work. 

Mr.  Ross  may  be  said  to  have  been  one  of  the  most 
important  factors  in  bringing  the  educational  laws  of 
Ontario  to  their  present  pitch  of  perfection.  At  the 
general  election  of  1872,  he  was  elected  as  the  Liberal 
representative  in  the  House  of  Commons  for  West 
Middlesex,  and  continued  to  do  so  at  Ottawa  until  No- 
vember, 1883,  when  he  entered  the  Mowat  Administra- 
tion in  Ontario  as  Minister  of  Education,  still  remain- 
ing member  for  West  Middlesex  in  the  Legislature. 
Einally,  in  October,  1899,  he  was  chosen  to  serve  as 
Premier  of  Ontario,  which  position  he  still  retains.  His 
record  as  a  legislator  and  administrator  is  highly  me- 
ritorious. In  connection  with  his  efforts  to  perfect 
the  educational  system  of  the  country,  in  1885  he  intro- 
duced a  bill  in  the  Legislature  providing  for  the  conso- 
lidation of  the  Public  Schools'  Act,  the  High  Schools' 
Act,  the  Separate  Schools  Act  and  the  Act  respecting 
Mechanics'  Institutes.  In  1887  he  introduced  a  bill 
authorizing  the  federation  of  the  University  of  Toron- 
to, and  the  affiliation  of  the  denominational  colleges 
with  that  national  institution.  He  was  also  instru- 
mental in  placing  on  the  statute  book  a  bill  respecting 

Mr.  Ross  devoted  some  years  to  journalistic  and 
library  work.  At  one  time  he  was  editor  of  the  Strath- 
roy "  Age,"  and  at  another  time  part  proprietor  of  the 
"Huron  Expositor."  He  also  conducted  the  "Onta- 
rio Teacher,"  a  publication  which  proved  of  great  ser- 

vice to  educationists  in  all  parts  of  the  province.  In 
1892  he  wrote,  in  conjunction  with  Mr.  Wm.  Bucking- 
ham, a  biography  of  the  Hon.  Alexander  Mackenzie. 
Among  his  other  works  may  be  mentioned  "  The  His- 
tory of  the  School  System  of  Ontario,"  written  for  the 
International  Series  of  Educational  Works,  published 
by  the  D.  Applcton  Company,  New  York ;  "  A  Report 
of  the  Schools  of  England  and  Germany,"  and  "  Pa- 
triotic Recitations  for  the  L'se  of  Schools  and  Col- 
leges." In  1893  he  was  appointed  Chairman  of  the 
Committee  having  for  its  object  the  preparation  of  a 
history  of  Canada,  for  the  use  of  the  schools  of  this 
country  ;  and  in  1897  he  served  as  a  Yice-President  of 
Educational  Association.  In  acknowledgement  of  his 
eminent  services  on  behalf  of  education,  in  1886  he 
received  the  degree  of  LL.D..  from  St.  Andrew's 
I'niversity,  Scotland.  A  similar  honor  was  confer- 
red upon  him  by  Victoria  University.  Toronto,  in 
1892,  and  by  the  Toronto  University  in  i8<H.  bv 
McMaster  University  in  1902  and  by  Oueen's  Uni- 
versity in  1903.  In  1896  he  was  elected  a  Fellow  of 
the  Royal  Society  of  Canada,  and,  in  the  same  year, 
he  was  appointed  one  of  the  Commissioners  for  the 
revision  of  the  ( )ntario  Statutes.  He  is  a  member 
of  the  Council  of  the  Toronto  Astronomical  and 
Physiological  Society,  and  is  likewise  interested  in 
the  National  Sanitarium  Association,  of  which  he 
was  one  of  the  founders.  In  1886  he  served  as  an 
honorary  commissioner  to  the  Indian  and  Colonial 
Exhibition  held  in  London. 

Mr.  I'oss  is  a  master  of  platform  oratory,  and  as  a 
public  speaker  takes  high  rank.  Among  the  best  known 
of  bis  efforts  from  the  lecture  platform  are  the  follow- 
ing:— "  Literary  Factors  in  our  Canadian  Life,"  "  For- 
nntive  Forces  of  Canadian  History,"  "  Our  National 
( )utfit,"  "  Citizenship  and  High  Culture,"  and  "  Pre>- 
ferential  Trade." 

In  religious  belief  Premier  Ross  is  a  Presbyterian 
pud  holds  the  office  of  elder  in  St.  Andrew's  Church. 
Toronto.  In  1896  he  was  elected  a  delegate  from  the 
General  Assembly,  Canada,  to  the  Pan-Presbyterian 
Conference  held  that  year  in  Glasgow.  For  many 
years  he  has  been  prominently  identified  with  the  tem- 
perance cause.  He  was  elected  Most  Worthy  Patriarch 
of  the  Sons  of  Temperance  of  North  America  in 
1879;  attended  the  British  and  Colonial  Temperance 
Congress  held  in  London.  1886;  was  elected  Presi- 
dent of  the  Temperance  and  General  Life  Assur- 
ance Company,  1885,  and  was  elected  a  Vice-Presi- 
dent of  the  Ontario  Prohibitory  Alliance,  1896.  He 
has  been  twice  married,  first  in  1862  to  Christina, 
daughter  of  Duncan  Campbell,  she  dying  in  1872, 
and,  secondly,  in  1875  to  Catherine,  the  daughter  of 
William  Boston. 



Prominent  as  the  head  of  the  leading  wholesale  dry 
floods  house  of  the  City  of  Toronto,  John  Macdonald, 
manages  the  vast  business  founded  by  his  late  father, 
Senator  Macdonald,  in  1849,  which  is  still  carried  on 
under  the  time  honored  name  of  both  father  and  son. 

John  Macdonald  was  born  at  Oaklands,  Avenue 
Road,  Toronto,  on  the  4th  day  of  November,  1863,  and 
received  a  good  commercial  education  at  Upper  Canada 
College.  His  father,  the  late  Hon.  John  Macdonald 
was  born  in  Perth,  Scotland,  coming  to  Canada  in 
1840,  and  eventually  establishing  and  building  up  the 
celebrated  mercantile  house  known  throughout  every 
part  of  the  Dominion.  After  completing  his  education, 
the  subject  of  this  sketch  entered  his  father's  business 
house  in  1879,  all(l  after  passing  through  every  grade, 
gained  an  expert  and  thorough  knowledge  of  the  dry 
goods  trade,  and  has  since  devoted  the  whole  of  his 
time  to  the  development  of  the  enterprise  of  which 
since  the  lamented  death  of  the  Senator,  he  has  been 
the  head. 

Mr.  Macdonald  has  always  been  a  zealous  supporter 
of  the  commercial  interests  of  the  city  of  Toronto,  he 
is  a  prominent  member  of  the  P.oard  of  Trade,  of  the 

Ancient  Order  of  United  Workmen,  the  Commercial 
Travellers  Association,  the  Caledonian  Society,  and 
the  York  Pioneers  of  the  National  Club. 

The  vast  business  interest  of  John  Macdonald  have 
occupied  the  greater  part  of  his  time,  leaving  him  but 
little  leisure.  His  principle  recreation  has  been  driving, 
he  being  considered  an  expert  horseman,  and  judge  of 
horses.  He  has  acted  as  judge  of  harness  horses  at 
the  annual  Toronto  Exhibition  for  many  years,  and 
fills  that  capacity  at  numerous  other  places.  Although 
he  has  had  but  little  time  to  devote  to  outdoor  sports, 
he  is  a  firm  believer  in  and  encourager  of  athletics  and 
all  manly  games  and  recreation,  for  the  younger  gener- 
ation. On  August  5th,  1903,  he  married  Miss  Claire 
Hungerford,  a  daughter  of  W.  A.  Hungerford,  of 
Belleville,  Ontario. 

John  Macdonald  is  undoubtedly  one  of  the  princi- 
pal commercial  pillars  of  his  native  city,  the  mantle  of 
honor  and  respect,  which  was  won  and  held  by  his  late 
father  has  fallen  upon  a  worthy  successsor  in  the  son 
who  bears  the  same  well-known  name,  which  has  been 
a  factor  for  years  in  the  development  of  the  mercantile 
communitv  of  Toronto. 



Mr.  Alexander  Ramsay,  Montreal,  manufacturer 
and  merchant,  was  born  in  Glasgow,  Scotland,  August 
I4th,  1840.  His  father,  the  late  Alexander  Ramsay, 
came  to  Canada  in  1841,  and  founded  the  business  now 
known  under  the  name  of  A.  Ramsay  &  Son,  the  fol- 
lowing year.  Mr.  Ramsay  was  educated  in  Montreal 
and  joined  the  present  business  in  1858.  Upon  the 
death  of  his  father  in  the  year  1867  he  then  became  the 
sole  proprietor  of  the  business.  Mr.  Ramsay  has  de- 
voted his  whole  attention  and  his  whole  energy  to  the 
development  of  his  business,  and  has  succeeded  to  such 
an  extent  that  it  is  to-day  one  of  the  largest  as  it  is 
among  the  oldest  in  its  line  in  Canada.  The  firm 
manufactures  white  lead  and  mixed  paints,  oils,  var- 
nishes and  colors  of  all  kinds,  also  mirrors  and  glass 
embossing,  upwards  of  a  hundred  hands  being  employ- 
ed steadily  in  its  two  Montreal  factories.  The  firm 
also  imports  plate  glass,  window  glass,  gold  leaf,  paint- 
ers' supplies,  etc.,  so  that  it  will  be  observed  that  the 
business  is  a  very  comprehensive  one.  Mr.  Ramsay 
is,  however,  pre-eminently  a  man  of  system,  and  he  has 
used  that  quality  in  the  organization  and  regulation  of 
his  business  with  good  effect. 

That  his  sound  judgment  and  thorough  practical 
knowledge  of  the  special  departments  of  trade  with 
which  the  firm  of  A.  Ramsay  &  Son  are  directly  con- 
nected are  appreciated  by  those  best  capable  to  judge,  is 
shown  by  the  responsible  positions  of  trusts  he  holds  in 
three  important  commercial  bodies.  Mr.  Ramsay  is 
President  of  the  Dominion  Plate  Glass  Insurance  Com- 
pany, Vice-President  of  the  Consolidated  Plate  Glass 
Company,  and  President  of  the  White  Lead  and  Color 

Mr.  Ramsay  has  been  too  much  engrossed  in  busi- 
ness to  allow  himself  to  be  drawn  into  public  life,  but 
as  a  mark  of  public  confidence  and  in  recognition  of  his 
high  standing  in  the  community  he  was  given  the  ap- 
pointment of  Justice  of  the  Peace.  Mr.  Ramsay  has 
been  for  some  years  a  much-respected  member  of  the 
Montreal  Board  of  Trade. 

Mr.  Ramsay  was  married  in  1868  to  Miss  Lydia 
Clarke,  daughter  of  the  late  James  Clarke,  of  Bloom- 
field,  Ont.,  and  their  family  consists  of  five,  three  sons 
namely  :  A.  F.  Ramsay,  W.  A.  Ramsay,  W.  B.  Ram- 
say, in  business  with  him,  and  two  daughters,  Miss  J. 
M.  Ramsay  and  Miss  Lydia  C.  Ramsay. 



The  late  .Mr.  Alexander  Me. \rthur  like  so  many  of 
our  most  successful  men,  first  saw  the  light  of  day  on 
a  farm.  He  was  horn  at  Cote  St.  Paul,  in  the  parish 
of  I.achine,  on  the  23rd  day  of  August.  1849,  tne 
soundest  son  of  the  late  Colin  McArthur.  His  educa- 
tion was  received  under  the  tuition  of  the  late  Mr. 
Charles  Xicholls,  of  the  Collegiate  School,  supplement- 
ed by  a  commercial  course  in  the  Montreal  Kusiness 
College.  At  an  early  age  he  learned  the  hardware 
business  with  Messrs.  P>enny,  McPherson  &  Co.,  but 
it  was  not  long  until  he  engaged  in  business,  in  the 
manufacturing  of  roofing  papers,  etc.,  on  his  own  ac- 
count. Success  attended  his  enterprise  from  the  start, 
and  sixteen  years  ago  he  acquired  the  Jolicttc  Paper 
Mills.  P>y  bringing  them  up  to  a  high  state  of  effi- 

ciency, the  return  upon  capital  invested  was  highly 
satisfactory.  In  business,  as  in  private  life,  his  career 
was  without  blemish,  and  his  high  standing  amongst 
his  fellow  business  men  bore  high  testimony  to  the  in- 
tegrity and  honor  of  the  man.  A  man  of  kindly  and 
charitable  disposition,  he  gave  liberally  to  all  deserving 
institutions,  and  his  hand  was  ever  ready  to  meet  the 
call  of  poor  and  needy,  who  knew  him  as  their 
friend.  He  was  identified  with  many  social  clubs, 
in  the  membership  of  which  his  genial  disposition  made 
him  a  general  favorite. 

In  the  year  1891  he  married  the  daughter  of  James 
Crathern,  Esq.,  of  Montreal,  who,  with  two  young 
daughters,  still  survives  him.  Mr.  McArthur's  death 
occurred  June  i6th,  1903. 



Mr.  Andrew  A.  Allan,  third  son  of  the  late  Mr. 
Andrew  Allan,  of  lonontch,  one  of  the  founders  of 
the  Allan  Line  of  Steamships,  was  born  and  brought 
up  in  Montreal.  He  is  a  member  of  the  firm  of  H.  & 
A.  Allan,  which  consists  of  Hugh  A,  Allan,  H.  Mon- 
tagu Allan,  Andrew  A.  Allan  and  Bryce  J.  Allan. 
The  progress  of  the  City  of  Montreal,  not  alone  as  a 
seaport,  but  as  a  commercial  centre,  has  been  closely 
bound  up  with,  and  during  a  certain  important 
period  was  dependant  upon  the  development  of  the 
Allan  Line  of  steamships.  The  pioneer  vessel  of  the 
Allan  Line  was  a  small  sailing  craft  named  the  Jean, 
which  was  put  into  service  on  the  route  between 
Montreal  and  England  in  1815,  by  Captain  Alexander 
Allan,  who  had  gained  distinction  and  means  in  the 
transport  service  during  the  Peninsula  War.  The 
venture  appears  to  have  been  successful  from  the 
start,  and  in  a  few  years  Captain  Allan  had  a  regular 
line  of  sailing  vessels  plying  between  Montreal  and 
British  ports.  The  establishment  of  this  line  had  a 
stimulating  effect  upon  the  general  trade  of  the  port, 
and  in  1833  Montreal  was  made  a  port  of  entry.  In 
1852,  when,  owing  to  the  successful  dredging  opera- 
tions carried  on  by  the  Commissioners,  the  river  was 

becoming  capable  of  floating  large  vessels,  the  Allan 
Line,  which  till  then  had  been  composed  exclusively 
of  sixteen  sailing  vessels,  was  reinforced  by  the 
"Indian"  and  the  "Canadian,"  iron-built  screw  steam- 
ships of  1,500  tons  register,  and  250  indicated  horse- 
power. These  steamers,  which  were  among  the  best 
found  of  their  day,  were  the  forerunners  of  a  fleet, 
which,  fnr  equipment,  safety  and  comfort,  is  not  to  be 
surpassed  anywhere.  As  years  went  by  the  company, 
which  had  originally  only  plied  between  Montreal  and 
I  iverpool,  started  first  a  line  to  Glasgow,  then  to  Lon- 
don, and  afterwards  by  purchase  of  the  Stile  Line, 
extending  their  operations  to  the  neighboring  Re- 

Mr.  Andrew  A.  Allan  has  been  for  some  years  a 
number  of  the  Montreal  Board  of  Trade,  and  is  at  the 
present  time  a  member  of  the  Council  of  that  body. 
He  is  identified  with  numerous  industrial  and  com- 
mercial corporations,  among  other  official  positions  he 
holds,  being  Vice-president  of  the  Dominion  Oilcloth 
Company  (Limited),  and  a  director  of  the  Canadian 
Rubber  Company.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Mount 
Royal  Club,  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Montreal  Hunt 
Club  and  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club. 



Mr.  Bryce  James  Allan,  No.  1 10  State  street,  Bos- 
ton, Mass.,  ship  owner  and  agent  of  the  Allan  Line 
Steamship  Company  at  Boston,  Mass.,  was  born  in 
Montreal,  August  2Oth,  1862,  the  third  son  of  the  late 
Sir  Hugh  Allan.  Mr.  Allan  was  educated  at  Bishop's 
College  School,  Lennoxville,  and  in  France  and  Ger- 
many, and  entered  the  office  of  H.  &  A.  Allan,  in 
Montreal,  in  1880.  He  moved  to  Boston  in  1884  to 
enter  the  office  of  H.  &  A.  Allan  in  that  city,  and  after 
familiarising  himself  thoroughly  with  the  business  of 
that  firm,  he  succeeded  to  the  agency  in  June,  1892. 

Mr.  Allan  at  present  holds  a  leading  position  in  the 
social  as  well  as  the  commercial  community  of  Boston. 
His  winter  home  on  Beacon  street,  in  Boston,  and  his 
new  and  beautiful  summer  estate  at  Beverly,  are  well 
known  as  resorts  of  fashion  and  cultme. 

He  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club,  Montreal  ; 
the  Somerset  Club,  Boston  ;  the  Knickerbocker  Club, 
New  York  :  and  the  Junior  Carlton  Club,  of  London, 

June  2nd,  1896,  Mr.  Allan  was  married  to  Anna, 
daughter  of  General  F.  W.  Palfrey,  of  Boston. 


Among  the  men  who  shine  with  particular  bril- 
liancy at  the  Bar  of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  is  Mr. 
Toussaint  Brosseau,  head  of  the  legal  firm,  Brosseau, 
Lajoie,  Lacoste  and  Quigley,  of  Montreal.  He  has 
won  a  world-wide  reputation  through  personal  efforts 
and  success. 

Mr.  Brosseau  was  born  at  Chambly,  Quebec,  Sep- 
tember 24th,  1857.  His  education  was  received  dur- 
ing his  ten  years  attendance  at  St.  Mary's  College, 
Montreal.  The  institution  is  directed  by  the  Rev. 
Jesuit  fathers,  and  has  sent  out  many  able  young  men, 
who  have  occupied  eminent  positions  in  the  profes- 
sions and  in  politics.  At  St.  Mary's  College,  Mr. 
Brosseau  completed  his  course  in  Arts  and  Philoso- 
phy, and  afterwards  followed  the  law  courses  at 
Laval  University,  Montreal,  where  he  graduated  in 
1881.  Mf.  Brosseau's  reputation  had  preceded  him 
to  the  Bar,  so  that  when  he  was  admitted  he  at  once 
took  a  place  of  importance,  as  partner  in  the  law  firm 

of  Globensky,  Bisaillon  and  I'.rosseau.  He  has  won 
many  cases  of  importance,  and  almost  every  year 
pleads  before  the  Judicial  Committee  of  the  Privy 
Council  in  England.  Later  Mr.  Brosseau  formed  his 
present  firm,  Brosseau,  Lajoie  Lacoste  and  Quigley. 

His  office  has  been  the  rendezvous  of  many  cap- 
italists seeking  to  form  companies,  and  it  is  said  that 
his  practice  in  this  connection  is  as  extensive  as  the 
one  he  enjoys  at  the  Bar. 

It  is  principally  upon  civil  and  commercial  cases 
that  Mr.  Brosseau  has  been  engaged.  As  a  civil 
lawyer  he  has  been  engaged  by  many  large  companies 
in  Canada  and  in  the  United  States,  and  upon  many 
technical  legal  points  has  obtained  favorable  decisions 
before  the  Privy  Council. 

Though  he  holds  strong  political  views  and  is  a 
fluent  speaker,  he  has  never  taken  any  part  in  politics, 
preferring  at  all  times  to  devote  himself  to  his  pro- 



Standing  at  the  head  of  his  especial  industry  in  the 
Dominion  of  Canada,  Robert  Parker  is  an  instance  of 
what  personal  application  and  organizing  ability,  com- 
bined with  integrity  and  stead}7  perseverance,  can  ac- 
complish from  comparatively  small  beginnings, 
and  in  face  of  apparently  insurmountable  obstacles 
and  difficulties.  He  is  the  sole  proprietor  of  the 
famous  dyeing  and  cleaning  concern  known  as 
"Parkers'  Dye  Works,  Toronto,"  with  some  four 
hundred  agencies  and  fourteen  branch  offices  dis- 
tributed over  Canada  in  every  principal  city  and 
town  from  the  Atlantic  to  the  1'acific;  thus  forming 
the  largest  business  of  its  kind  in  the  country.  The 
success  of  this  vast  enterprise  may  be  said  to  be  en- 
tirely due  to  the  energy  and  ability  of  the  subject  of 
this  sketch.  Robert  Parker  was  born  in  Manches- 
ter, England,  on  the  loth  of  April,  1859.  His  parente 
died  while  he  was  yet  in  infancy,  and  he  came  over 
to  Canada  with  his  uncle,  the  late  Thomas  Parker, 
of  Thornhill,  who  was  for  some  time  in  the  dyeing 
business  in  Montreal.  After  receiving  a  sound  all- 
round  education  at  Berthier-en-haut,  Quebec,  he  ap- 
plied himself  to  mastering  the  trade  of  a  dyer  in  every 
detail.  In  1876  he  left  Montreal  lor  Yorkville,  Out.,  a 
suburb  of  Toronto,  where  he  established  a  dyeing 
works,  and  opened  a  branch  office  in  Toronto.  The 
history  of  the  progress  of  this  business,  to  which 
Robert  Parker  has  devoted  his  lifework,  is  interesting. 
The  business  was  then  situated  in  a  rough-cast  one 
storey  building  at  107  Yonge  street  Yorkville,  now 
Toronto,  opposit  Severns'  Brewery,  and  part  of  the 
old  building  is  still  standing. 

In  1878  Mr.  Wilmpt  Castle,  son  of  Dr.  Castle,  of 
McMaster  University,  Toronto,  and  Mr.  Robert 

Parker  formed  a  partnership,  which  was  disolved  in 
1897,  Mr.  Castle  having  secured  control  of  a  patent  in 
the  United  States,  and  which  compelled  him  to  reside 
in  Rochester,  New  York. 

The  now  successful  and  extensive  business  was 
founded  with  a  modest  capital  of  less  than  one  thou- 
sand dollars,  Air.  Parker  taking  over  Mr.  Castles'  in- 
terest and  has  been  sole  proprietor  ever  since,  trading) 
under  the  name  of  R.  Parker  &  Co.  Failure  seemed  to 
stare  Mr.  Parker  in  the  face,  but  by  working  late  and 
early,  with  a  thorough  determination  to  succeed,  the 
business  gradually  but  surely  forged  ahead  and  increas- 
ed with  rapid  strides.  In  1884  a  lot  was  purchased  on 
Yonge  street,  opposite  Yorkville  avenue,  and  a  com- 
modious three-story  building  erected  thereon,  but  after 
the  first  year  in  the  new  quarters,  it  proved  too  small,! 
and  another  three-story  building  was  erected  on  the 
North  side.  Since  then,  other  buildings  have  been 
erected  from  time  to  time  to  meet  the  demands  of  the 
rapid  expansion  of  the  concern.  In  1893  upwards  of 
$30,000.00  was  paid  in  wages  alone. 

In  the  course  of  a  strenous  and  arduous  business 
career  Mr.  Parker  had,  whenever  opportunity  offered, 
found  his  recreation  in  travel,  both  in  America  and 
Europe.  He  is  a  member  of  the  National  Club  (of 
Toronto),  and  St.  George's  Society  of  Toronto,  a  Fel- 
low of  the  Royal  Colonial  Institute,  London,  Eng., 
and  on  the  Board  of  Wycliffe  College  and  Havergal 
Ladies  College,  of  Toronto. 

On  the  27th  September,  1881,  he  maried  Barbara 
Wilhelmina,  second  daughter  of  the  late  Donald  Gor- 
don, of  Embro,  Ont,  the  union  having  been  blessed 
with  one  son,  Robert  Gordon  Parker.  Mr.  Parker  re- 
sides at  26  Lowther  Avenue,  Toronto. 




The  Hon.  Henri  B.  Rainville,  K.C.,  Speaker  of  the 
Legislative  Assembly  of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  was 
born  at  St.  Angele  de  Monnoir  April  5th,  1853.  His 
parents  were  Felix  Rainville,  farmer,  and  Marie 
Daignault,  his  wife.  His  ancestors  came  from 
Touques,  in  Normandy,  Paul  de  Rainville,  the  founder 
of  the  Canadian  head  of  the  family,  coming  from 
Normandy  about  1630,  and  settling  at  Beauport,  just 
outside  of  Quebec.  Mr.  Rainville  obtained  his  ele- 
mentary and  classical  education  at  the  colleges  of  St. 
Hyacinthe  and  Ste.  Angele  de  Monnoir,  afterwards 
entering  the  law  faculty  of  McGill  University,  and 
graduating  with  the  degree  of  B.C.L.  in  1873.  Jan- 
uary 1 4th,  1874,  he  was  admitted  to  the  Bar  and  has 
been  in  practice  ever  since.  At  present  he  is  head  of 
the  well-known  law  firm  of  Rainville,  Archambault 
Gervais  and  Rainville. 

He  was  a  member  of  the  City  Council  of  Montreal 
from  1882  until  1900,  sitting  for  Centre  Ward.  Dur- 
ing the  whole  period  of  his  municipal  career  he  ex- 
erted great  influence  in  the  City  Council,  more  especial- 

ly during  the  last  four  years  of  his  term,  when,  as 
Chairman  of  the  Finance  Committee,  he  acted  as  lead- 
er of  the  Council.  He  was  first  returned  to  the  Que- 
bec Provincial  Legislature  for  Montreal,  No.  3  (St. 
Louis)  Division,  at  the  general  elections  of  1890.  He 
was  defeated  at  the  general  elections  of  1892,  but  was 
elected  by  a  large  majority  at  the  general  elections  of 
1897  and  1900.  A  staunch  Lioeral  of  the  old  school, 
a  man  of  exceptional  shrewdness  and  ready  wit,  and 
possessing  a  thorough  knowledge  of  both  the  English 
and  French  languages,  he  is  a  man  of  great  influence 
in  his  district.  He  was  elected  Speaker  of  the  Legis- 
lative Assembly  in  1900. 

July  :8th,  1876,  Mr.  Rainville  married  Eugenie, 
daughter  of  the  late  Alexandre  Archambault,  who  was 
a  member  of  the  old  parliament  of  United  Canada  for 
L'Assomption  County. 

Mr.  Rainville  is  a  Director  of  the  Montreal  Light, 
Heat  &  Power  Company,  of  the  Crown  Life  Insurance 
Company,  of  the  Mount  Royal  Insurance  Company, 
and  many  other  financial  institutions. 



Robert  Stanley  Bagg,  Barrister,  Solicitor  and  At- 
torney at  Law,  and  I  "resident  of  the  Liberal-Conserva- 
tive Club  was  born  in  1857,  in  Montreal,  at  the 
Old  Manor  House,  at  the  corner  of  Sherbrooke  and 
St.  Erwin  Streets.  His  father,  the  late  Mr.  Stanley 
Bagg,  who  has  been  dead  some  thirty  years,  was  a 
gentleman  of  leisure,  who  inherited  two  estates,  one 
in  England,  in  the  County  of  Durham,  where  he  was 
a  Justice  of  the  Peace,  the  other,  the  well-known  Bagg 
estate  in  Montreal,  which  comprises  property  in  al- 
most every  ward  of  the  City,  and  many  of  the  adjacent 
counties.  Robert  Stanley  Bagg  was  educated  at  the 
High  School,  Montreal,  and  subsequently  graduated 
from  McCiill  College,  he  then  proceeded  to  England, 
where  he  completed  his  studies.  He  was  called  to 
the  Bar  in  Montreal  in  1873,  but  although  he  occupies 
commodious  offices  in  the  Temple  Building,  St.  James 
Street,  he  has  never  practiced  Law  extensively,  hav- 
ing devoted  his  life  to  travel,  the  administration  of  the 
family  estate,  he  being  the  eldest  son  and  heir  thereto, 
and  to  public  life  for  the  benefit  of  his  fellow-citizens. 
Mr.  Bagg  has  travelled  a  great  deal  abroad,  having 
visited  various  countries  in  Europe,  Asia,  Africa,  In- 
dia, and  has  made  extended  tours  in  the  British  Isles 
and  North  America. 

The  Bagg  family  traces  its  descent  from  the  time  of 
the  old  Norse  Vikings,  his  ancestors  landing  in  Eng- 
land with  Hardicanute.  Robert  Stanley  Bagg  is  a 
fine  horseman,  and  was  formerly  a  commanding  officer 
in  the  Royal  Scots  of  Canada,  taking  a  prominent  part 
in  quelling  the  Quebec  riots,  and  doing  other  active 
military  duty,  also  holding  certificates  for  his  excellent 

horsemanship  in  the  field.  He  has  also  taken  an  ac- 
tive part  in  every  political  election  for  many  years 
past.  In  1896  he  was  nominated  as  member  of  the 
St.  Lawrence  Division  of  the  House  of  Commons,  but 
resigned  for  political  and  personal  reasons. 

.Mr.  Bagg  is  a  Governor  of  the  Montreal  General 
Hospital;  a  Governor  of  the  Montreal  Dispensary;  a 
Governor  of  the  Western  Hospital;  a  member  of  the 
Historical  Numismatical  and  Antiquarian  Society  of 
Montreal,  which  was  founded  by  his  late  father;  a 
member  of  the  St.  James  Club,  and  the  Hunt  Club ;  a 
member  of  the  St.  George's  Society,  and  a  life  mem- 
ber of  the  Graduates'  Society  of  McGill  College.  Mr. 
Bagg  has  always  been  a  staunch  supporter  of  out- 
door sports.  He  is  one  of  the  founders  of  St.  George's 
Snow  Shoe  Club  and  House,  a  good  shot  and  an  expert 

While  in  Europe  he  devoted  considerable  time  to 
the  study  of  music  and  art  in  Europe,  and  is  an  ama- 
teur sculptor  artist  and  modeller  of  considerable  merit, 
his  paintings  of  Canadian  scenery  being  much  admired, 
his  own  country  estate  at  Laurentian  Hills,  affording 
an  infinite  variety  of  charming  subjects  for  his  brush. 

Mr.  Robert  Stanley  Bagg  married  Miss  Clara 
Smithers,  daughter  of  the  late  Charles  Smithers, 
President  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal.  There  are  three 
children  of  the  marriage,  Harold  Fortescue  Stanley 
Bagg,  Evelyn  St.  Claire  Stanley  Bagg,  and  Gwendo- 
lyn Catherine  Stanley  Bagg.  A  public  spirited  Ca- 
nadian and  influential  citizen,  Mr.  Bagg  is  a  prominent 
figure  in  the  social  and  political  life  of  the  country. 




Standing  at  the  head  of  the  real  estate  brokerage 
business  in  the  City  of  Toronto,  Herbert  Hale  Williams 
is  a  noteworthy  instance  of  what  Canadian  enterprise 
combined  with  integrity,  ability  and  determination  can 
accomplish  for  a  young  man  in  this  country.  Herbert 
Hale  Williams  was  born  in  Toronto  on  September 
2ist,  1862.  His  father,  Henry  Hurt  Williams  coming 
to  Canada  from  Glamorganshire,  Wales,  was  estab- 
lished in  business  in  Toronto  for  many  years.  The 
subject  of  this  sketch  was  educated  in  the  public 
schools  of  Toronto,  gaining  a  scholarship  to  the  old 
Grammar  School.  Completing  his  education  at  an 
early  age,  Herbert  Hale  Williams  was  employed  by 
one  of  the  largest  firms  engaged  in  the  lumber,  tim- 
ber and  buliding  trade  in  his  native  city.  With  this 
firm  he  gained  an  extensive  experience  and  expert 
knowledge  of  these  industries,  which  has  proven  of 
invaluable  service  to  him,  in  the  exercise  of  his  pre- 
sent profession  as  broker  and  dealer  in  and  manager 
of  real  estate.  This  experience  has  also  given  him 
an  undeniable  advantage  over  the  majority  of  his 
competitors  as  a  proficient  and  reliable  valuator. 

Finally  Mr.  Williams  in  1886  launched  out  in  busi- 
ness on  his  own  account,  establishing  himself  in  Toron- 
to, as  a  Real  Estate  Broker,  undertaking  insurance, 
loans,  the  sale  and  management  of  estates  and  every 
branch  of  the  real  estate  business.  Starting  without  a 
single  client,  Mr.  Williams  speedily  demonstrated  to 
his  fellow-citizens  and  the  public,  that  he  was  specially 
qualified  to  skilfully  handle  each  and  every  one  of  the 
lines  of  business  he  professed  to  undertake.  His  busi- 
ness steadily,  yet  rapidly,  expanded,  more  than  doubling 
itself  every  year,  until  it  has  reached  its  present  vast 
proportions.  Up  to  date,  yet  conservative  in  his  me- 
thods, Herbert  Hale  Williams  has  developed  his  en- 
terprise, until  it  is  without  doubt  the  most  important 

real  ^state  brokerage  concern  in  the  City  of  Toronto. 
He  deals  very  extensively  in  high  class,  and  indeed 
every  description  of  property  in  that  city  and  vicinity, 
the  large  volume  of  business  transacted  taking  the  en- 
ergies of  a  numerous  staff  of  clerks  and  assistants.  He 
has  reliable  correspondents  in  Montreal,  Winnipeg, 
New  York,  Boston,  Los  Angeles,  Kansas  City,  and  all 
the  principal  cities  and  towns  throughout  the  Dominion 
and  the  United  States.  He  effects  insurances  on  all 
kinds  of  property,  and  possesses  unequalled  facilities 
for  investing  trust  and  other  funds  on  desirable  se- 
curity with  an  ample  margin,  and  in  relation  to  this 
branch  of  Mr.  Williams'  business  a  great  factor  in  his 
success  has  been  his  unerring  expert  judgment  of 
real  estate  values,  unbiased  and  honest  opinions,  and 
his  keen  desire  to  protect  the  interests  of  each  and 
every  one  of  his  clients,  in  either  separate,  joint  or  mu- 
tual transactions. 

As  an  arbitrator  in  settling  all  disputes  concerning] 
real  estate  transactions,  he  is  in  great  demand,  while 
rarely  is  a  valuation  of  any  important  piece  of  city 
property  completed  without  Mr.  Williams'  expert  ser- 
vices being  enlisted.  His  management  of  estates  has 
earned  for  him  an  enviable  reputation  and  in  every  in- 
stance, great  improvement  in  the  condition  of  and  in- 
creased revenue  speedily  derived  from  all  properties 
placed  under  his  care.  His  commodious  and  conve- 
nient offices  are  at  Nos.  6,  8  and  10  Victoria  Stree.t; 
Toronto,  and  fitted  with  the  most  modern  appoint- 
ments and  facilities  for  conducting  an  up-to-date  real 
estate  business. 

Herbert  Hale  Williams  has  devoted  his  whole  time, 
energies  and  abilities  in  the  development  of  his  business 
and  as  a  gratifying  result  he  has  become  the  most 
prominent  man  in  his  profession,  in  his  native  city  of 



Major-General  Douglas  Mackinnon,  B.  H.  Coch- 
rane,  I2th.  Earl  of  Dundonald,  is  the  representative 
of  a  line  ennobled  in  the  year  1647,  by  Charles  I.  Sir 
William  Cochrane,  of  the  family  which  had  been  settled 
on  the  Barony  of  Cochrane  in  the  West  of  Scotland 
for  many  centuries,  was  created  Earl  of  Dundonald 
and  Lord  Cochrane  of  Paisley  and  Ochiltree  in  the 
Peerage  of  Scotland,  for  his  services  to  the  royalist 

This  family  has  been  for  generations  connected 
with  the  Naval  and  Military  services  of  Great  Britain. 
The  7th  Earl  was  killed  at  the  siege  of  Louisburg  in 
Canada  in  the  year  1758.  Archibald,  the  gt%  Earl, 
served  in  the  Royal  Navy,  and  was  distinguished  for 
his  work  in  Science,  Chemistry,  and  Invention.  Im- 
provements in  the  manufacture  of  white  lead,  the  mak- 
ing of  soda  from  salt,  the  extraction  of  tar  from  pit 
coal,  and  a  treatise  on  the  "Connection  between  Ag- 
riculture and  Chemistry,"  are  but  a  few  of  his  many 
and  varied  contributions  to  the  wealth  of  the  nation. 

His  son,  Thomas  the  loth.  Earl,  after  making  a 
brilliant  reputation  in  the  British  Navy  in  the  wat 
against  France,  commanded  in  succession  the  fleets  of 
Chili,  Peru,  Brazil,  and  Greece  in  the  struggles  of 
those  countries  for  their  independence.  For  his 
services  to  Brazil  he  was  created  Marquis  of  Maran- 
ham  in  the  Empire  of  Brazil.  He  also  was  distin- 
guished as  an  inventor,  being  famous  for  his  mys- 
terious "secret  plans  for  the  destruction  of  fleets  and 
fortresses,"  and  for  his  discovery  of  the  uses  of  Trini- 
dad bitumen.  He  was  the  discover  of  many  inven- 
tions in  collection  with  marine  engineering,  and  was 
also  the  inventor  of  tunnelling  under  water  by  com- 
pressed air. 

Admiral  Sir  Alexander  Cochrane,  uncle  of  the 
above,  a  distinguished  admiral,  was  at  one  time  Com- 
mander-in-Chief  of  the  North  America  Station. 

Admiral  of  the  Fleet  Sir  Thomas  Cochrane,  son 
of  the  above,  was  Commander-in-Chief  of  the 
Squadron  in  the  First  Chinese  War. 

Admiral  Sir  Arthur  Cochrane,  a  distinguished  nav- 
al officer,  is  the  uncle  of  the  present  Peer.  Thomas, 
nth.  Earl,  the  father  of  the  present  Peer,  served  on 
the  Staff  in  Canada  in  1838,  and  was  afterwards 
Quartermaster-General  to  the  Forces  in  China. 

The  1 2th.  and  present  Earl  was  born  in  Scotland, 
October  2gth,  1852.  He  was  educated  at  Eton,  and 
in  his  I7th  year,  July  1870,  entered  the  Army.  In 
1878,  he  married  Winifred,  daughter  of  the  late  R. 
B.  Hesketh,  Esq.,  of  Gwrych  Castle,  Abergele.  In 
1884,  he  went  to  the  Soudan  in  command  of  a  detach- 
ment of  the  Camel  Corps  in  the  expedition  for  the  re- 
lief of  Khartoum.  He  rode  with  despatches,  an- 
nouncing the  occupation  of  Gakdul  Wells.  He  took 
part  in  the  actions  of  Abu  Klea  and  Gubat,  and  after 
the  last  fight  he  acted  as  guide  to  two  night  convoys 
from  Gubat  to  the  base,  and  to  reinforcements  on  the 
march  from  Gakdul  to  the  front.  He  commanded 

the  transport  and  baggage  of  Sir  Herbert  Stewart's 
Desert  Column  on  the  march  to  Metammeh,  and  vol- 
unteered to  carry  the  despatches  across  the  Desert, 
from  Metammeh,  announcing  the  fall  of  Khartoum. 
For  his  services  in  this  campaign  he  was  mentioned 
in  despatches  and  received  the  medal  with  two  clasps 
and  the  Khedive's  bronze  star,  with  the  brevet  of 
Lieutenant-Colonel  for  distinguished  service  in  the 
field  (June,  1885,).  In  1889  he  reached  the  rank  of 
full  Colonel  in  the  Army,  and  in  1895  commanded  the 
2nd  Life  Guards. 

On  the  outbreak  of  the  South  African  war  in  Oc- 
tober, 1899,  ne  went  to  Natal  as  a  volunteer,  and  Sir 
Redvers  Buller  gave  him  the  command  of  the  Mounted 
Troops  in  Natal  on  November  22nd.  In  command 
of  this  Brigade,  consisting  mainly  of  Colonial  Irreg- 
ulars, he  took  a  prominent  and  successful  part  in  all 
the  fighting  of  the  Natal  Army,  including  the 
battle  of  Cloenso,  the  seizure  of  Potgeiter's 
Drift,  Acton  Homes,  Spion  Kop,  Vaal  Kranz, 
the  capture  of  Cingolo  Mountain,  Pieter's  Hill, 
and,  in  command  of  his  Brigade,  led  the  advance 
of  the  Natal  Army  into  Ladysmith  on  Feb- 
ruary 28th,  1900,  after  its  four  months'  siege.  Sub- 
sequently he  led  his  command,  in  which  were  combined 
the  Mounted  Brigade  of  the  Natal  Army,  and  the  Na- 
tal Volunteer  Brigade,  with  consistent  success  in  the 
advance  of  the  Army  of  Natal,  taking  part  in  the  at- 
tack on  the  Biggarsberg  and  the  pursuit  of  the  Boers 
from  Natal,  and  the  actions  at  Laing's  Mek,  Alman's 
Nek,  Botha's  Pass,  and  Belfast.  His  pursuit  of  the 
Boers  across  the  Biggarsberg  to  Laing's  Nek — a  forty- 
mile  ride  through  fire  and  smoke — was  described  by 
Sir  Redvers  Buller  as  "very  fine  performance  indeed." 
He  returned  to  England  when  the  Brigade  was  finally 
broken  up.  For  these  services  he  was  mentioned  six 
times  in  despatches,  received  the  medal  with  six  clasps, 
and  was  promoted  to  the  rank  of  Major-General  for 
distinguished  service  in  the  field. 

In  January,  1885,  he  succeeded  to  the  Earldom  of 
Dundonald  on  the  death  of  his  father,  and  the  same 
year  was  elected  one  of  the  sixteen  representative 
peers  for  Scotland.  He  is  the  discoverer  of  numerous 
inventions  of  considerable  value. 

On  July  2Oth,  1902,  he  was  gazetted  to  the  com- 
mand of  the  Canadian  Militia.  He  is  the  author  of 
a  scheme  for  the  re-organization  of  the  Canadian 
Militia  on  entirely  new  lines.  He  has  also  written  a 
new  drill  and  training  book  suitable  both  for  cavalry 
and  infantry,  which  is  likely  to  have  very  wide  ap- 
plication. He  has  also  organized  the  Cadet  Corps 
system,  and  has  created  various  other  organizations 
for  the  improvement  of  the  militia.  He  believes 
thoroughly  in  the  citizen  soldier,  provided  the 
leaders  are  well  trained  and  the  organization  and 
Departments  are  perfect. 

His  residence  is  Crichton  Lodge,  Ottawa. 



Mr.  David  Morrice,  merchant  and  manufacturers' 
agent,  and  head  of  the  firm  c«f  David  Morrice  &  Sons, 
Montreal,  was  born  at  St.  Martin,  Perthshire,  Scot- 
land, August  nth,  1829.  He  was  educated  at  his 
native  place,  and  after  leaving  school  engaged  in  vari- 
ous business  pursuits  in  Scotland  and  Ireland,  acquir- 
ing a  broad,  general  knowledge  of  commercial  life, 
which  has  proved  very  useful  to  him.  Mr.  Morrice 
came  to  Canada  in  1855,  first  proceeding  to  Toronto, 
and  after  a  short  residence  in  that  city  moving  to 
Montreal,  where,  in  1863,  he  established  the  firm  of 
David  Morrice  &  Company.  Mr.  Morrice  admitted 
his  sons,  Messrs.  W.  J.  Morrice  and  David  Morrice, 
junior,  into  partnership  in  1882,  the  style  of  the  firm 
then  being  changed  to  its  present  designation,  David 
Morrice  &  Sons.  The  firm,  which  has  a  warehouse  in 
Toronto  as  well  as  in  Montreal,  controls  the  output  of 
some  of  the  largest  cotton  and  woollen  mills  in  Canada, 
including  the  seven  mills  of  the  Canadian  Colored 
Cotton  Mills  Company,  of  which  Mr.  David  Morrice  is 
president,  and  the  woollen  mills  of  the  Penman  Manu- 
facturing Company,  Auburn,  Ontario. 

.Mr.  Morrice  is  officially  connected  with  several 
great  commercial  corporations.  He  is  president  of 
the  Montreal  Investment  and  Freehold  Company,  a 
director  of  the  Crows'  .Vest  Coal  Company  (which 
owns  and  operates  mines  in  the  Crows'  Xest  Pass),  of 
the  Cumberland  Coal  and  Railway  Company,  and  of 
the  Royal  Victoria  Insurance  Company.  The  name  of 
Mr.  David  Morrice  will  always  be  intimately  associated 
with  the  Montreal  Presbyterian  College,  of  the  Board 
of  Management  of  which  institution  he  is  chairman.  In 
1882  Mr.  .Morrice  erected  and  donated  to  the  College 
at  a  cost  of  $80,000  the  beautiful  David  Alorricc  Hall, 
and  he  has  made  other  generous  donations  to  the  insti- 
tution. He  is  also  connected  with  the  governing  bodies 
of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  the  V.  M.  C.  A.,  the 
Montreal  Sailors'  Institute,  the  Protestant  House  of 
Industry  and  Refuge,  and  various  other  institutions. 

He  was  for  some  time  intimately  associated  with 
the  management  of  the  Montreal  Art  Association,  and 
at  present  takes  an  interest  in  that  institution. 



President  of  one  of  the  largest  retail  dry  goods 
and  departmental  stores  in  Canada,  "The  S.  Carsley 
Company,  Limited,"  few  men  occupy  a  more  promin- 
ent position  in  this  particular  business  than  William 
Francis  Carsley,  of  Montreal.  He  is  a  native  of  that 
City,  having-  been  born  there  on  2nd  of  September, 
1868.  His  father,  Samuel  Carsley,  came  to  Canada 
many  years  ago  from  Shropshire.  England,  and  found- 
ed the  celebrated  Canadian  .Mercantile  House,  which 
bears  his  name.  William  Francis  Carsley  was  educat- 
ed at  Lincoln  College.  Sorel,  Quebec,  and  on  the  com- 
pletion of  his  studies,  went  to  England,  in  order  to 
gain  a  thorough  knowledge  of  the  methods  employed 
in  that  country  in  the  dry  goods  trade.  He  was  ap- 
prenticed for  two  years  in  Tanton,  Somerset,  especial 
pains  being  taken  to  give  him  the  most  expert  exper- 
ience possible.  After  which  he  spent  eight  months  in 
Lyons,  France,  studying  the  silk  industry.  Before 
returning  to  Montreal  to  join  his  father's  well-known 
house,  W.  F.  Carsley  travelled  extensively  over 

Europe,  making  himself  familiar  with  all  the  great 
commercial  centres  of  that  continent.  When  the  S. 
Carsley 's  stores  were  formed  into  the  present  limited 
company  in  1896  he  was  elected  Vice-President,  sub- 
sequently he  became  President,  the  position  he  now  so 
ably  occupies. 

Wm.  Francis  Carsley  is  a  great  believer  in  the  ma- 
terial future  success  of  Canada,  and  especially  of  Mon- 
treal, his  native  city.  He  is  interested  in  city  real 
estate,  and  is  a  staunch  supporter  of  various  local  com  - 
mercial  enterprises.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal 
Board  of  Trade  and  the  Royal  St.  Lawrence  Yacht 
Club,  a  Governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital 
and  a  member  of  the  Church  of  England. 

A  leading  merchant  interesting  himself  as  he  does 
in  various  charities  and  always  ready  to  lend  his  aid 
to  any  project  for  the  benefit  of  Canada's  Metropolis, 
he  is  already  recognized  as  one  of  Canada's  younger 



Robert  Craik,  M.I).,  LL.I).,  formerly  Dean  of  the 
Faculty  of  Medicine  of  McGill  University,  Montreal, 
and  now  a  7iiember  of  its  Board  of  Governors  and  of  the 
Royal  Institution  for  the  Advancement  of  Learning,  was 
born  in  Montreal,  April  22nd,  1829.  He  comes  from 
an  old  Scottish  Border  family,  which  has  long  been 
scattered, — the  Craiks  of  Craik  in  Roxburghshire, — his 
parents  coming  to  Canada  from  Edinburgh  in  1818. 

Dr.  Craik  received  his  early  education  at  "  Brace's 
School  "  in  Montreal,  matriculating  at  McGill  University 
in  1850,  and  graduating  with  the  degree  of  M.D.  and 
"First  in  Honours"  in  1854.  On  graduation  he  took  up 
the  appointment  of  House  Surgeon  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital,  and  at  once  found  himself  in  a  position 
of  exceptional  responsibility.  It  was  the  year  of  a 
serious  outbreak  of  Asiatic  cholera,  and  the  General 
Hospital  had  its  full  share  of  the  patients  ;  but  thanks 
to  careful  administration,  the  deadly  disease  was  pre- 
vented from  spreading  to  any  of  the  other  patients.  In 
1856  he  was  appointed  Demonstrator  of  Anatomy  in 
McGill  University,  with  entire  charge  of  the  practical 
anatomical  work,  holding  that  appointment  until  I860. 
In  1859  he  was  also  made  Curator  of  the  Pathological 
Museum.  In  1860  he  resigned  the  position  of  House 
Surgeon  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital  to  take  up 
private  practice,  being,  however,  made  a  member  of  the 
Governing  Board  of  the  hospital,  in  recognition  of  his 
services  and  his  professional  skill.  The  same  year  he  was 
appointed  Professor  of  Clinical  Surgery  at  McGill, 
holding  that  chair  until  1867.  During  this  period  of 
his  professional  career,  Dr.  Craik  made  a  specialty  of 
resection  of  joints  and  ovariotomy,  and  with  notable 
success.  Such  operations  were  then  rare  in  Canada, 
and  Dr.  Craik's  successes  commanded  universal  attention. 

In  1866  Dr.  Craik  took  temporary  charge  of  the  work 
of  the  Chair  of  Chemistry;  and  in  1867,  on  his  own  pre- 
ference, was  appointed  to  that  chair  permanently,  resign- 
ing that  of  Clinical  Surgery.  He  remained  Professor  of 
Chemistry  until  1879,  when  he  resigned  the  chair,  becom- 
ing Emeritus  Professor. 

Meantime  he  held  other  positions  of  responsibility  and 
trust  in  the  Faculty  of  Medicine.  He  was  Registrar  from 
1869  to  1877,  and  Treasurer  from  1875  to  1889. 

In  1889  he  became  Dean  of  the  Faculty  on  the  death 
of  Dr.  R.  P.  Howard,  also  taking  the  chair  of  Hygiene 
and  Public  Health.  In  the  same  year,  Dr.  Craik  was 
appointed  a  member  of  the  Provincial  Board  of  Health. 

Dr.  Craik  held  the  appointment  of  Dean  of  the  Faculty 
until  1901,  and  during  his  administration  the  progress  of 
the  Faculty  was  phenomenal.  Vast  additions  were  made 
to  the  buildings  and  equipment,  and  the  number  of  pro- 
fessors and  teachers  was  doubled.  The  number  of 
students  also  was  more  than  doubled.  In  1888-89  the 
number  was  227;  in  1900-01  the  number  had  risen  to 
490,  of  whom  407  were  undergraduates. 

During  the  same  period  the  Montreal  General  Hospital, 
so  intimately  associated  with  the  work  of  the  Faculty, 
was  extended,  remodelled  and  practically  rebuilt,  and  the 
Royal  Victoria  Hospital,  also  closely  allied  with  the 
Faculty,  was  built,  equipped  and  established  as  a  great 
working  hospital.  In  all  of  these  operations  Dr.  Craik 
took  a  prominent  and  active  part.  In  1895  he  received 
the  Honorary  Degree  of  LL.I).  from  his  Alma  Mater  in 
recognition  of  "  eminent  services  to  public  health,  to  the 
University,  and  to  medical  education." 

It  is  interesting  to  note  that  in  his  graduation  Thesis, 
written  and  published  in  the  M»nfrr<il  Medical  Chrunu-le 
in  1854,  Dr.  Craik  advanced  the  theory  that  the  class  of 
Infectious  Diseases  had  an  origin  in  a  specific  cell  or  germ 
for  each  disease,  and  confidently  predicted  that  before 
long  these  specific  germs  would  be  discovered.  He  even 
went  the  length  of  indicating  the  direction  in  which  the 
search  would  be  probably  successful.  This  is  claimed  to 
be  the  first  occasion  upon  which  an  author  advanced  the 
now  universally  accepted  "  germ  theory,"  the  develop- 
ment of  which  lias  had  such  a  marked  effect  upon  medical 

Dr.  Craik  has  found  time  in  his  busy  professional  life 
to  devote  attention  to  agriculture  and  the  turf.  He  is  an 
enthusiastic  farmer  and  breeder  of  fine  stock.  At  his 
country  place,  "  Craikstone,"  situated  on  the  northern 
outskirts  of  Montreal,  Dr.  Craik  has  developed  one  of  the 
finest  herds  of  Polled  Angus  cattle  in  America,  a  herd 
which  won  many  prizes  at  the  World's  Fair  at  Chicago  in 
1893  ;  and  he  is  now  engaged  in  perfecting  an  equally  fine 
herd  of  Holstein-Friesian  dairy  cattle.  Many  thorough- 
bred horses  from  his  stables  have  won  fame  for  them- 
selves and  their  owners  on  the  turf,  and  he  has  several 
Queen's  Plates  and  Hunt  Cups  to  his  credit. 

In  1856  Dr.  Craik  married  Alice,  eldest  daughter  of  the 
late  Alexander  Symmers,  of  Dublin,  Ireland,  Solicitor  in 
Chancery.  Mrs.  Craik  died  in  1874  without  issue. 

Dr.  Craik  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  St.  James, 
Bel-Air,  and  Hunt  Clubs. 



The  late  Sir  Joseph  Hickson  was  born  at  Otter- 
burn,  Northumberland,  England,  in  the  year  1830. 
After  obtaining  a  sound  business  education  in  various 
schools  in  Northumberland,  Sir  Joseph  Hickson,  at  a 
comparatively  early  age  began  his  business  career  with 
a  large  carrying  firm,  in  the  days  preceding  the  com- 
pletion of  the  railway  sysrem  between  England  and 
Scotland.  Having  acquired  considerable  insight  into 
the  complexities  of  the  carrying  trade  of  those  days,  he 
entered  the  service  of  the  North  Eastern  Railway  of 
England,  where  he  gained  his  first  knowledge  of  rail- 
way operations,  a  knowledge  that  was  destined  to  pro- 
duce a  most  phenomenal  career  and  to  be  turned  to  the 
advantage  and  the  benefit  of  Canada.  After  a  few 
years  with  this  company.  Sir  Joseph  filled  an  impor- 
tant position  on  the  Maryport  and  Carlisle  Railway 
until  1851,  when  he  went  to  Manchester  to  fill  the  posi- 
tion of  assistant  traffic  manager  of  the  Manchester, 
Sheffield  and  Lincolnshire  Railway,  in  the  service  of 
which  corporation  his  promotion  was  very  rapid. 
Ten  years  afterwards,  when  he  became  assistant  to  the 
general  manager  of  the  line,  he  attracted  the  attention 
of  Sir  Edward  Watkin,  who  at  that  time  was  presi- 
dent of  the  Grand  Trunk  Railway  of  Canada,  and  one 
of  the  leading  railway  magnates  of  the  day.  Sir 
Edward  offered  him  the  position  of  accountant  to 
the  Grand  Trunk  Railway,  which  he  accepted.  He 
arrived  in  Canada  on  the  3ist  December,  1861.  and 
took  up  his  residence  in  Montreal  where  he  continued 
to  reside  up  to  the  time  of  his  death  in  1897.  His 
railway  career  in  Canada  was  one  of  the  most  remark- 
able on  record,  being  characterized  by  rapid  promo- 
tion and  unusual  success.  Not  long  after  he  joined 
the  service  of  the  company  he  was  made  secretary- 
treasurer,  and  on  the  retirement  of  Mr.  C.  J.  Brydges, 

managing  director,  in  1874,  was  promoted  to  the  posi- 
tion of  general  manager  of  the  line,  which  position  he 
filled  with  marked  distinction  until  1891,  when  he  retir- 
ed in  order  to  enjoy  a  well-earned  rest.  During  the  last 
seventeen  years  of  his  connection  with  the  company,  in 
addition  to  having  the  management  of  the  G.  T.  R. 
proper  in  his  hands,  he  had  charge  of  all  its  affiliated 
lines,  and  was  either  president,  vice-president  or  direc- 
tor of  nearly  twenty  companies,  having  control  of  the 
interests  of  most  of  them.  During  the  period  of  Sir 
Joseph  Hickson's  management  the  Grand  Trunk  made 
rapid  strides  forward,  forming  connections  that  secur- 
ed to  Canada  many  substantial  trading  benefits,  the 
most  marked  of  these  being  the  establishment  of  a 
direct  line  between  Montreal  and  Chicago  by  the  acqui- 
sition of  the  Chicago  and  Grand  Trunk  Railway. 
While  under  Sir  Joseph  Hickson's  charge  the  mileage 
of  the  G.  T.  R.  increased  from  1,383  to  3,487  miles,  a 
development  which  testifies  in  a  convincing  manner  to 
the  enterprise  and  foresight  of  the  general  manager. 

For  the  ability  Sir  Joseph  Hickson  displayed  in  the 
management  of  Canada's  oldest  great  railway,  and  for 
the  valuable  national  services  thus  rendered,  he  was 
knighted  by  Queen  Victoria  in  1890,  the  announce- 
ment of  the  conferring  of  this  honor  being  received  in 
the  Dominion,  hailed  with  general  satisfaction. 

Sir  Joseph  Hickson  always  showed  himself  a  public 
spirited  citizen  of  Montreal  and  took  a  lively  and  gen- 
erous interest  in  the  city's  chief  benevolent  and  artistic 
institutions.  He  was  also  interested  in  various  bank- 
ing, manufacturing  and  industrial  enterprises. 

An  acknowledgement  of  his  public  spirit  and  sound 
judgment  was  his  appointment  to  the  position  of  pre- 
sident of  the  Royal  Commission  on  the  Liquor  Traffic 
in  1895. 




Honorable  Jean  Damien  Holland,  Manufacturer 
and  Member  of  the  Legislative  Council  of  the  Pro- 
vince of  Quebec,  was  born  in  the  city  of  Montreal,  in 
1841,  his  father  being-  the  late  Hon.  J.  B.  Rolland, 
member  of  the  Dominion  Senate,  and  wholesale  station- 
er and  manufacturer.  After  the  completion  of  his  edu- 
cation at  the  Christian  Brothers'  School  and  St.  Mary's 
College,  Montreal,  he  entered  upon  his  business  career 
in  the  firm  founded  by  his  father  in  1842.  At  the 
age  of  eighteen,  in  1859,  he  was  admitted  to  partner- 
ship by  his  father,  the  firm  assuming  the  name  of  J. 
B.  Rolland  and  Fils.  Upon  his  father's  death,  in 
1888,  he  became  head  of  the  firm,  and  was  elected 
President,  in  succession  to  his  late  father,  of  the  Rol- 
land Paper  Company,  St.  Jerome.  The  Hon.  Mr. 
Rolland  is  also  President  of  the  Franco-Belgian  "S.S. 
Company,  Vice-President  of  the  Montreal  and  West- 
ern Railway,  a  Director  of  the  Hochelaga  Bank,  and 
a  Director  of  the  Canadian  Manufacturers'  Life  As- 
surance Company.  He  is  a  member  of  both  the  Mon- 
treal Board  of  Trade  and  the  Chambre  de  Commerce, 

and  was  for  several  years  a  member  of  the  council  of 
the  first  named  body.  He  is  also  a  former  President 
of  the  Dominion  Commercial  Travellers'  Association. 

Mr.  Rolland  is  a  man  of  keen  public  spirit,  and  at 
first  found  expression  in  active  participation  in  muni- 
cipal affairs  in  the  former  suburban  town  of  Hoche- 
laga, now  a  ward  of  the  City  of  Montreal.  He  was, 
for  years,  a  member  of  the  town  council,  and  from 
1876  to  1879,  mayor.  On  the  annexation  of  Hoche- 
laga to  the  City  he  became  an  alderman  in  the  City 
Council,  and  occupied  his  seat  for  several  years,  having 
the  honor  to  obtain  that  dignity  of  Chairman  of  the 
Finance  Committee  and  leader  of  the  Council.  He  is 
Vice-President,  and  was  one  of  the  founders  of  the 
Citizens  League,  and  was  also  for  some  years  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Montreal  Harbor  Commissioners.  Mr. 
Rolland  was  called  to  the  Legislative  Council  Novem- 
ber 1 6th,  1896. 

In  1864  he  was  married  to  Mile.  Albina  Parent,  of 



George  Walter  Sadler,  Montreal,  manufacturer  of 
leather  belting,  alderman  of  the  City  of  Montreal  and 
member  of  the  Civic  Finance  Committee  (1904),  was 
born  in  the  city  named,  March  7th,  1852,  his  parents 
being  John  T.  Sadler  and  Ann  Peckett,  his  wife,  both 
natives  of  England.  Mr.  Sadler  is  a  self-made  man, 
and  rather  proud  of  it.  After  receiving  a  sound 
elementary  education  at  the  McGill  Model  School,  he 
began  his  business  career  at  fourteen  years  of  age,  as 
an  office  and  errand  boy.  In  1869,  he  went  to  Bos- 
ton and  learned  the  business  in  which  he  has  been 
ever  since  engaged,  the  manufacture  of  leather  belt- 
ing. He  returned  to  Montreal  in  1874,  and  was 
superintendent  of  a  factory  for  two  years.  In  1876 
he  started  in  business  with  his  former  partner,  the 
late  Thomas  Robin,  under  the  name  of  Robin  & 
Sadler.  Mr.  Sadler  is  at  the  present  time  senior 
partner  of  the  business,  which  is  carried  on  under  the 
name  of  Sadler  and  Haworth,  tanners  and  manu- 
facturers of  leather  belting,  with  factory  and  head 
office  in  Montreal,  and  western  branch  at  Toronto, 
their  tanneries  being  situated  at  Stanbridge  East, 
P.Q.  Apart  from  this  business,  Mr.  Sadler  is  in- 
terested in  several  other  Canadian  industries,  and  is  a 

director  of  the  International  Mercantile  Agency  and 
of  the  People's  Mutual  Building  Society. 

Notwithstanding,  however,  the  duties  imposed  upon 
him  by  the  concerns  above  mentioned,  Mr.  Sadler 
has  been  able  to  give  some  of  his  time  for  the  benefit 
of  his  native  city,  and  has  been  an  alderman  of  the 
City  of  Montreal  since  1896,  and  for  most  of  his  term 
has  had  the  honor  of  sitting  on  the  Finance  Commit- 
tee, of  which  important  body  he  is  the  senior  member. 

Alderman  Sadler  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal 
Board  of  Trade  and  of  the  Executive  Council  of  the 
Canadian  Manufacturers'  Association.  He  is  also  a 
governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital,  the 
Western  Hospital  and  the  Protestant  Hospital  for  the 
Insane.  He  has  always  taken  considerable  interest  in 
manly  sports,  and  is  a  life  member  of  the  Montreal 
Amateur  Athletic  Association.  He  is  also  a  member 
and  a  past  president  of  the  Montreal  Caledonia  Curling 
Club.  He  is  also  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club 
and  of  St.  Lawrence  Lodge,  A.  F.  &  A.  M.,  English 

Alderman  Sadler  was  married  at  Kingston,  Ont., 
in  1872,  to  Elizabeth  McNeice. 


J.  P.  DAWES. 

James  P.  Dawes,  brewer,  was  born  at  Lacliine, 
Que.,  July  ijt'n,  1843,  ms  father  being  James  Dawes, 
brewer  and  farmer,  who  was  of  English  parentage, 
his  mother's  maiden  name  being  Mary  Leishman. 
Mr.  Dawes  was  educated  in  Montreal,  and  on  the  com- 
pletion of  his  education  entered  into  active  participa- 
tion in  his  father's  extensive  brewing  and  farming 
operations  at  Lachine.  Mr.  Dawes  has  been  associat- 
ed with  that  business  in  connection  with  his  father, 
and  his  brothers  ever  since.  Mr.  Dawes  is  intimately 
associated  with  several  of  the  leading  financial  and 
commercial  corporpuons  of  Canada. 

He  is  a  Director  of  the  Merchants  P>ank  of  Canada, 
Vice-President  of  the  Dominion  Bridge  Company, 

Vice-President  of  the  Windsor  Hotel  Company,  Presi- 
dent of  the  Dorval  Turnpike  Trust,  Director  of  the 
Alliance  Insurance  Company,  etc.  Mr.  Dawes  is  also 
a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  Montreal ;  the 
St.  fames  Club,  Montreal ;  the  Forest  and  Stream 
Club",  Dorval  ;  the  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Club,  the 
Royal  St.  Lawrence  Club,  and  the  Montreal  Hunt 
Club.  He  is  a  life  member  of  the  Manhattan  Club, 
X<'\v  York.  Mr.  Dawes'  name  is  widely  known,  as 
a  generous  and  systematic  patron  of  the  turf,  and  his 
racing  colors  have  been  borne  to  victory  in  some  of 
the  most  famous  steeplechase  and  running  contests  in 
the  United  States  and  Canada. 



Air.  Jean  Baptiste  Martin,  of  the  well-known 
wholesale  grocery  firm  of  Laporte,  Martin  &  Com- 
pany, 76  St.  Peter  street,  Montreal,  was  born  in 
Montreal,  December  (jth,  1850.  He  is  a  descendant  of 
a  very  old  French  Canadian  family,  founded  in  1688 
by  a  settler  from  France,  famed  in  the  little  colony 
no  less  for  his  soldierly  qualities  than  for  his  success 
in  agriculture.  Mr.  J.  1!.  Martin's  parents  were  Jean 
Baptiste  Martin,  a  shoemaker,  and  Adeline  Reabean, 
his  wife.  After  receiving  an  elementary  education  at 
the  Christian  Brothers'  schools  in  Montreal,  Mr. 
Martin  entered  the  employ  of  Mr.  G.  G.  Gaudet, 
general  store  keeper,  as  a  clerk,  retaining  that  posi- 
tion for  three  years.  He  subsequently  entered  the 
employ  of  Mr.  Edward  Turgeon,  and  later  that  of 
Messrs.  Quintal  Fils,  wholesale  grocers,  remaining  in 
that  position  for  thirteen  years,  and  leaving  it  to  form  a 
partnership  with  Mr.  Hormisdas  Laporte  in  1888. 
His  subsequent  business  career  is  that  of  this  well- 
known  house.  Although  Mr.  Martin's  best  efforts 
have  been  concentrated  upon  his  business  pursuits, 
being  of  a  patriotic  disposition  he  devoted  consider- 
able time  to  the  active  militia  service,  and  holds  both 
first  and  second-class  qualifying  certificates.  He  is 
by  natural  conviction  an  ardent  Liberal,  but  he  has 
never  aspired  to  public  office  of  any  kind,  finding  the 
claims  of  his  business  too  exacting  to  permit  of  hi* 

engaging  actively  in  politics.  His  chief  hobby  and 
recreation  is  reading,  and  for  the  gratification  of  his 
literary  tastes  he  has  accumulated  at  his  house  a  fine 
library  of  4,000  well  selected  books,  English  as  well 
as  French.  For  the  benefit  of  his  health  he  has 
devoted  a  moderate  attention  to  athletic  exercise,  being 
a  member  of  the  Montreal  Amateur  Athletic  Associa- 
tion, and  being  a  skillful  bowler.  Mr.  Martin  has  also 
done  his  share  towards  the  support  of  various  bene- 
volent and  charitable  organizations.  He  is  a  membei 
of  the  Independent  Order  of  Foresters,  the  St. 
Joseph's  Society,  the  Artisans  Society,  the  Alliance 
Nationale,  the  Union  St.  Pierre  and  the  St.  Vincent 
cle  Paul  Society.  Of  the  last  named  truly  noble  chari- 
table society,  Mr.  Martin  has  been  secretary  for 
eighteen  years. 

Mr.  Martin  has  been  married  twice ;  first  February 
20,  1871,  to  Julie,  daughter  of  Cyrile  Gagnon,  of 
Montreal,  who  died  February  25,  1878,  and  secondly 
to  Elmina  Darveau,  daughter  of  Joseph  Darveau, 
printer,  of  Quebec.  Of  the  first  marriage  there  was 
one  son,  Albert  Martin,  and  of  the  second,  two  sons 
and  two  daughters — George  Martin,  medical  student ; 
Alexandre  Martin,  student  in  engineering ;  and  the 
Misses  Calista  and  Fabiola  Martin.  Mr.  Martin's 
family  residence  is  331  Richmond  street,  Montreal. 



Mr.  Frederick  John  Weber,  president  of  the  Steel 
Storage  and  Elevator  Construction  Company  of  Buf- 
falo, N.Y.,  was  born  at  Niagara  Falls,  Ont.,  November 
i6th,  1859.  His  father  and  mother  came  from  Leip- 
sig,  Germany,  in  the  early  forties,  and  first  located  in 
Buffalo,  N.Y.,  subsequently  moving  to  Niagara  Falls, 
Ont.,  his  father  being  in  business  for  many  years  as  a 
merchant  and  manufacturer  at  Clifton,  Ont. 

Mr.  F.  J.  Weber  after  completing  the  course  in  the 
public  schools  on  the  Canadian  side,  entered  the  Aca- 
demy at  Niagara  Falls,  N.Y.,  and  soon  after  his  gra- 
duation therefrom,  turned  his  attention  to  the  business 
of  a  tin  and  coppersmith,  thoroughly  mastering  that 
trade.  This  accomplished,  he  moved  to  Carey,  Ohio, 
devoting  the  next  five  years  of  his  life  to  the  hardware, 
steam-fitting  and  plumbing  business.  Natural  gas 
was  discovered  in  Ohio  about  this  time,  and  with  many 
others,  Mr.  Weber  caught  the  fever  and  took  up  several 
leases.  Organizing  a  company  known  as  the  Carey 
Natural  Gas  Company,  in  which  he  succeeded  in  in- 
teresting a  number  of  Detroit  capitalists.  He  thor- 
oughly exploited  the  "  East  Finlay  Field,"  forty-two 
oil  and  gas  wells  oeing  drilled  in  six  years,  all  proving 
successful,  and  supplying  gas  to  Carey,  Upper  San- 
dusky  and  Vanlue,  Ohio.  In  1890,  Mr.  Weber  moved 
to  Toledo,  Ohio,  to  engage  in  the  manufacture  of 
stamped  and  sheet  steel  work,  supplying  large  dealers 
in  hardware  all  over  the  United  States  with  these 
goods.  In  1893,  a  great  fire,  which  destroyed  several 
extensive  grain  elevators  and  many  large  blocks  of 
busuiess  houses,  occurred  in  Toledo,  and  impressed 
Mr.  Weber  with  the  importance  of  providing  a  per- 
fectly fire-proof  style  of  structure  for  grain  storage  and 
elevators.  He  immediately  took  steps  to  solve  the 
problem,  and  after  experimenting  for  five  years  at 

heavy  expense,  he  succeeded,  obtaining  eleven  letters 
patent  for  the  United  States  and  Canada,  covering  not 
merely  '.he  most  essential  parts  of  the  construction,  but 
also  the  pneumatic  handling  of  grain  through  steel 
tubes.  The  first  fireproof  grain  elevator  in  the  United 
States'  311  this  system  was  constructed  at  Toledo  in 
1894.  The  success  of  Air.  Weber's  invention  resulted 
in  the  organization  of  the  Steel  Storage  and  Elevator 
Construction  Company,  to  exploit  it,  Mr.  Weber  being 
the  president  and  general  manager  of  this  corporation. 
The  company  has  constructed  no  less  than  one  hundred 
elevators  on  this  system  in  various  sections  of  Canada 
and  the  United  States,  extending  from  the  Atlantic  to 
the  1'acific.  One  of  the  largest  of  these  is  the  Great 
Eastern  Elevator  at  Buffalo,  which  has  a  storage  capa- 
city of  2,500,000  bushels.  Also  just  completed  a  mil- 
lion bushel  capacity  elevator  for  the  Harbour  Com- 
missioners at  Montreal.  The  construction  is  such 
that  there  can  be  no  corrosion  from  dampness,  and  the 
structure  is  absolutely  germ  and  vermin  proof.  The 
total  receiving  capacity  of  this  elevator  from  cars  and 
boats  in  one  season  is  50,000,000  bushels. 

Mr.  Weber  is  president  of  the  Fort  Erie  Ferry 
Railway  Company,  president  of  the  International  Ferry 
Company  operating  a  line  of  ferry  boats  between  Buf- 
falo, N.  Y.,  and  Fort  Erie,  Ontario,  and  member  of 
the  Merchants'  Exchange  of  Buffalo.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  Board  of  Directors  of  the  Manufac- 
turers' Club  of  Buffalo,  N.Y.,  and  a  member  of  the 
Ellicott  and  Liberal  Clubs,  and  of  Lake  Erie  Com- 
mandery  of  Knights  Templar  of  the  same  city. 

Mr.  Weber  was  married,  May  I7th,  1883,  to  Miss 
Mollie  E.  Will,  of  Carey,  Ohio,  and  has  one  daughter, 
Miss  Grace  Weber. 



Samuel  John  Moore  occupies  a  strong  position  in 
the  commercial  and  manufacturing  community  of  the 
City  of  Toronto.  '  He  was  born  on  3rd  August,  1859, 
in  Doddington,  Northamptonshire,  England,  his  father 
Isaac  Moore,  being  a  merchant  of  the  English  metro^ 
polis,  who  brought  his  family  to  Canada  in  1871,  and 
settled  in  Barrie,  Out.  Samuel  John  Moore  was  edu- 
cated in  London,  Eng.,  and  Barrie,  Ont.,  and  on  the 
completion  of  his  studies,  entered  the  office  of  the 
Barrie  Gazette,  and  quickly  rose  through  the  various 
grades  to  be  local  editor,  gaining  six  years  valuable  ex- 
perience during  his  connection  with  that  journal.  He 
then  spent  a  year  in  Texas  in  the  newspaper  busi- 
ness. His  inclination  to  return  to  Canada,  brought 
him  from  that  southern  State,  back  to  Toronto, 
where  he  settled  down,  preferring  to  be  identified 
with  the  success  or  failure  of  the  Dominion  to 
that  of  any  other  country.  He  entered  into  partner- 
ship with  a  publishing  house,  and  in  1884  he  estab- 
lished  the  book  manufacturing  firm  of  Carter  & 
Company,  which  has  expanded  and  developed  into 

the  well-known  Carter-Grume  Company,  of  Toronto, 
of  which  Mr.  Moore  is  now  the  vice-president  and 
general  manager.  He  is  interested  in  a  number  of 
commercial  and  financial  enterprises,  being  Presi- 
dent of  the  William  A.  Rogers,  Limited ;  President 
of  the  City  Dairy  Company,  Limited ;  Vice- 
President  of  the  Metropolitan  Bank,  a  director  of  the 
Imperial  Life  Assurance  Company,  one  of  the  three 
Trustees  of  the  Massey  Music  Hall  Trust,  and  active- 
ly participates  in  the  conduct  of  several  other  com- 

Samuel  John  Moore  is  a  member  of  the  Board  of 
Governors  and  Senate  of  McMaster  University  and  a 
member  of  the  Toronto  Club.  He  is  closely  associated 
with  the  religious  interests  of  Toronto,  and  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Baptist  denomination,  and  has  for  the  past 
fifteen  years  been  President  of  the  West  End  branch 
of  the  Young  Men's  Christian  Association.  In  1878, 
Mr.  Moore  married  a  daughter  of  Alexander  Lang, 
Justice  of  the  Peace  of  Barrie,  Ont.  His  residence  is 
Beech  Rest,  Toronto. 



Mr.  David  Morrice,  Jr.,  member  of  the  firm  of 
David  Morrice  &  Sons,  Montreal  Merchants  and  Man- 
ufacturers' Agents,  is  the  second  son  of  the  head  of 
that  firm.  He  was  born  at  Montreal  in  1863  and  edu- 
cated at  the  High  School  of  Montreal,  and  the  Col- 
legiate Institute,  Gait,  Ont.  After  leaving  the  last- 
mentioned  institution,  Mr.  Morrice  and  his  elder  bro- 
ther, Mr.  W.  J.  Morrice,  proceeded  to  Manchester, 
England,  where,  preliminary  to  entering  their  father's 
firm,  established  in  Montreal  in  1863,  they  spent  two 
years  profitably  in  the  great  dry  goods  house  of  Ry- 
lands  &  Sons,  Limited.  Mr.  David  Morrice,  Jr.,  be- 

ing intended  to  take  charge  of  the  warehouse  depart- 
ment of  the  Montreal  firm,  went  through  all  the  differ- 
ent departments  of  the  Manchester  house,  his  brother 
entering  the  office.  In  1882,  the  brothers  returned  to 
Montreal  and  were  admitted  into  partnership  with  their 
father,  the  firm  name  being  changed  to  its  present 
designation,  David  Morrice,  Sons  &  Co. 

Mr.  David  Morrice,  Jr.,  has  business  connections 
outside  of  the  firm.  He  is  a  director  in  the  Canadian 
Coloured  Cotton  Co.,  Limited,  and  Penman  Manufac- 
turing Company,  Paris.  Ont.  He  is  married  to  a 
daughter  of  the  late  Mr.  R.  L.  Gault,  Montreal. 



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Alfred  Bickerton  Evans,  the  managing  director  of 
the  well-known  firm  of  Evans  &  Sons,  Limited,  whole- 
sale drug  merchants  and  manufacturing  chemists,  of 
Montreal,  was  born  near  Birkenhead,  Cheshire,  Eng- 
land, on  gth  May,  1864.  His  father,  Edward  Evans, 
developed  the  famous  firm  of  Evans,  Sons  &  Company, 
in  Liverpool  now  Evans,  Sons,  Lescher  &  Webb, 
Limited,  the  present  firm  of  Evans  &  Sons,  Limit- 
ed, of  Montreal,  Toronto  and  New  York  City,  and  is 
now,  at  the  age  of  eighty-seven,  the  'Father  of  the 
Drug  Trade  of  England.'  Alfred  Bickerton  Evans, 
after  attending  a  preparatory  school  at  Harrow,  com- 
pleted his  education  at  Shrewsbury,  one  of  the  oldest, 
best  and  largest  public  schools  in  England.  After 
leaving  school  he  at  once  entered  the  office  of  his  fath- 
er's firm  in  Liverpool  where  he  thoroughly  mastered 
the  business  of  the  drug  trade  and  became  also  a  recog- 
nized authority  on  pharmaceutical  matters.  Eighteen 
years  ago  he  came  to  Montreal  to  manage  the  Canadian 
branch  of  the  parent  firm,  with  offices  and  warehouses 
in  Montreal,  Toronto  and  one  in  the  United  States  at 
Boston,  Massachusetts,  which  has  since  been  removed 
to  New  York  City.  Mr.  Evans  has  ever  since  made  his 
headquarters  in  Montreal,  where,  on  arrival,  he  stepped 
into  commercial  prominence  and  has  continued  to  be 
and  still  remains  one  of  the  leading  merchants  of  the 
city.  He  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal  Club,  the 
St.  James'  Club,  the  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  the  Hunt 
Club,  and  St.  George's  Society.  In  1894,  he  was  mar- 
ried to  a  daughter  of  the  late  John  Cassils,  of  Mont- 
real. He  has  two  children. 

The  firm  of  which  Alfred  Bickerton  Evans  is  the 
Canadian  head,  is  one  of  the  largest  concerns  in  the 
world  engaged  in  the  manufacture  and  wholesale  deal- 
ing in  drugs  and  chemicals.  It  was  originally  founded 
by  the  grandfather  of  the  subject  of  this  sketch,  the 
late  John  Evans,  nearly  a  century  ago,  who  started  the 
business  in  London  which  has  always  borne  his  name 
at  the  head,  during  its  lengthy  existence.  As  has  been 
stated,  Edward  Evans,  after  learning  the  business  un- 
der his  father's  auspices  in  London,  assumed  control  01 
the  Liverpool  house,  and  eventually  the  Canadian  Com- 
pany of  Evans  &  Sons,  Limited,  was  formed.  The 
business  is  run  as  a  distinct  concern,  but  still  in  con- 
junction with  the  old  London  and  Liverpool  parent 
firms  which  have  now  amalgamated  and  are  now 
known  as  Evans  Sons,  Lescher  and  Webb,  Limited, 
Liverpool  and  London.  Of  this  newly-formed  com- 
pany Alfred  Bickerton  Evans  is  a  Senior  Director,  and 
his  brother  John  J.  Evans  is  Chairman  of  the  Board  of 
Directors,  while  his  other  two  brothers,  Edward  Evans, 
Jr.,  and  W.  P.  Evans,  are  also  upon  the  directorate. 

The  warehouses,  offices,  laboratory  and  mills  of 
Evans  &  Sons,  Limited,  in  Montreal,  were  originally 
situated  on  St.  Jean  Baptiste  Street,  but  the  increasing 
business  of  the  company  has  rendered  a  large  addition 
in  office  and  warehouse  space  necessary,  and  recently, 
having  purchased  the  adjoining  property,  they  have 
erected  a  solid  building  of  Montreal  limestone  front- 
ing on  St.  Gabriel  Street,  which  now  comprises  the 

most  convenient  and  commodious  premises  occupied  by 
any  house  in  the  drug  trade  in  Canada. 

A  brief  description  of  these  premises  which  have 
been  planed  and  designed  under  the  personal  super- 
vision of  Mr.  A.  B.  Evans,  will  not  be  out  of  place  here. 
The  main  offices,  including  the  book-keeping  depart- 
ment, counting  house  and  Mr.Evans'  private  office  oc- 
cupy the  whole  of  the  grounding  floor,  and,  fitted  in 
chestnut  and  oak,  form  elegant  offices  of  the  most 
commodious  character. 

Evans  and  Sons,  Limited,  were  the  pioneer  house 
in  the  drug  trade  of  Canada  to  handle  photographic 
supplies,  and  a  great  portion  of  the  second  floor  of  the 
new  building  is  devoted  to  the  photographic  depart- 
ment, which  has  developed  into  quite  an  extensive 

The  cellar  of  the  new  building  is  principally  occu- 
pied as  a  bond  room,  filled  with  all  kinds  of  chemicals, 
drugs,  perfumery  and  other  merchandise  dealt  in  by 
the  firm  and  it  may  be  stated  that  the  entire  establish- 
ment is  fitted  throughout  with  a  system  of  automatic 
sprinklers,  so  that  every  foot  of  ground  space  is  pro- 
tected in  case  of  fire,  rendering  the  chances  of  the  lat- 
ter making  any  headway  very  small,  as  in  addition  to 
the  sprinklers  a  tank  holding  one  hundred  thousand 
gallons  of  water  is  built  on  the  roof,  so  that  the  build- 
ing could  be  deluged  in  a  few  minutes. 

The  laboratory  and  mills  still  remain  on  St.  Jean- 
Baptist  street,  the  pan  room,  granulating  room  and  all 
the  other  departments  including  the  receiving,  ship- 
ping, city,  wets,  dries  and  patents,  are  all  very  commo- 
dious, with  every  convenience  for  carrying  on  an  ex- 
tensive and  constantly  increasing  business.  A  very 
complete  system  of  private  telephones  is  installed 
throughout  the  building.  Mr.  Evans  in  his  private 
room  being  in  direct  telephone  communication  with 
each  department,  and  by  means  of  the  long  distance 
telephone  system,  he  is  enabled  to  have  direct  commu- 
nication with  his  Toronto  manager,  and  also  with  his 
house  in  New  York  City.  The  firm  has  now  been  so 
completely  organized  under  the  direction  of  Mr.  A.  B. 
Evans  and  his  large  starl  of  competent  assistants,  many 
of  whom  have  been  in  his  employ  for  many  years  past, 
that  the  entire  Dominion  is  now  covered  by  its  repre- 
sentatives from  the  Atlantic  to  the  Pacific. 

Mr.  A.  B.  Evans  makes  a  yearly  periodical  trip  to 
England,  where  his  father  and  relations  reside,  and 
where  he  has  extensive  business  interests.  The  con- 
nection of  the  Montreal  Company  with  the  English 
houses  is  a  great  advantage  to  Mr.  Evans  in  the  man- 
agement of  the  Canadian  business,  enabling  him  as  it 
does  to  keep  in  close  touch  with  the  English  and  Euro- 
pean drug  markets,  placing  him  in  a  position  to  pur- 
chase his  merchandise  at  the  lowest  and  most  advan- 
tageous rates  compatible  with  the  excellence  of  their 

Mr.  Alfred  Bickerton  Evans'  position  at  the  head  of 
this  important  industrial  enterprise  places  him  m  the 
front  rank  of  the  mercantile  community  of  the  country. 



William  Allan  Murray  was  born  at  kavelston, 
near  Edinburgh,  Scotland,  August  5th,  1814.  He  re- 
ceived his  education  at  Perth,  but  owing  to  the  death! 
of  both  parents  while  he  was  still  a  youth,  he  was! 
obliged  to  give  up  his  studies,  that  he  could  better  care) 
for  his  six  younger  brothers.  Later  in  life,  each  of  the 
seven  brothers  held  a  responsible  and  prominent  posi- 
tion as  head  of  a  commercial  or  banking  institution, 
though  scattered  through  Canada.  United  States  andl 
Australia.  An  elder  brother  followed  to  Canada  bin 
lived  a  retired  life. 

As  a  young  man,  W.  A.  Murray  entered  the  ser- 
vice of  Messrs.  Todd  &  Co.,  of  Dublin,  Ireland,  and; 
later  his  fortunes  took  him  to  the  well-known  old  firm' 
of  Messrs.  Todd,  Rivington  &  Co.,  of  Limerick,  Ire-« 
land.  It  was  when  with  this  firm,  he  established  his 
reputation  as  one  of  the  best  judges  of  silks  then 
visiting  the  Continental  markets. 

On  the  8th  of  December,  1844,  he  married  Jane? 
Anne,  daughter  of  William  Macnamara,  Squire  and 
Master  of  hounds  of  the  County  Clare,  and  had  seven, 
children;  Mary  Jane,  deceased  1881,  who  married 
John  Lyons  King,  and  later  Hugh  John  Macdonald ; 
William  Thomas,  deceased  1903,  who  married 
Marion  Parkyn ;  Charles  Stuart,  who  married  Har- 
rietta  Norton ;  James  Peter,  who  married  Marie 
Emelie  Caron,  deceased  1881,  and  later  Nanno  Jose- 
phine Hayes;  John  Alexander,  who  married  Mary 
Perry ;  Elizabeth  Honora,  who  married  George 
Frederick  Forlong;  Margaret  Helena,  deceased 
1890,  who  entered  the  Ursuline  Convent. 

Coming  to  Canada  in  1854,  Mr.  Murray  settled  in 
Toronto,  where  he  founded  the  dry  goods  firm  which, 
bears  his  name,  now  so  extensively  known,  and 
which  is  not  surpassed  elsewhere  and  has  no  equals 
in  Canada. 

The  many  athletic  sports  of  to-day  were  unknown, 
when  he  was  a  young  man,  but  in  football  and  shinty; 
(now  known  as  hockey)  he  was  one  of  the  best  players 
and  was  a  staunch  supporter  of  amateur  work.  Al- 
ways fond  of  a  good  horse,  he  took  many  first  prizes 
at  Toronto  Exhibitions  and  other  horse  shows.  For 
many  years  a  regular  rider  every  morning  when  not 
away  visiting  the  European  markets. 

As  an  ocean  traveller,  he  had  few  equals  outside  a 
sailors  life,  having  made  one  hundred  and  forty-seven 
trips  across  the  Atlantic.  Being  of  a  practical  turn,  he 
early  saw  the  value  to  ocean  steamers  of  flush  decks, 
and  his  long  experience  as  an  ocean  traveller  had 
considerable  influence  in  bringing  about  the  general 
adoption  of  this  principle. 

In  religion  he  had  been  reared  a  Presbyterian,  but 
the  antipathy  to  the  Catholic  Church  by  one  of  the 
political  parties  in  Canada  in  the  early  sixties,  induced 
him  to  search  into  Catholic  doctrine,  which  resulted  in 
his  joining  that  Church  in  1870. 

Though  not  a  politician,  a  strong  Conservative,  a 
close  personal  friend  of  Sir  John  A.  Macdonald,  a  firm 
believer  in  the  great  future  of  Canada,  and  a  strong 
supporter  of  an  United  Empire. 

His  wife  died  September  iQth,  1889,  and  he  on 
September  7th,  1891. 



James  Peter  Murray  was  born  in  Limerick,  Ireland, 
October  ijth,  1852,  his  father,  W.  A.  Murray,  bring- 
ing his  family  to  Canada  in  1854.  The  subject  of  this 
sketch  spent  his  studying  years  at  St.  Michael's  Col- 
lege, Toronto,  Ont.,  and  St.  Hyacinthe  College,  St. 
Hyacinthe,  Que.  He  entered  his  father's  warehouse 
before  his  I4th  birthday  and  remained  with  the  busi- 
ness until  1893. 

In  1891  he  founded  and  was  the  first  President  of 
the  Toronto  Carpet  Manufacturing  Company,  Limited, 
for  the  manufacture  of  all-wool  and  union  carpets.  In 
1892  the  manufacture  of  axminsters  was  commenced, 
and  in  1896,  Smyrna  rugs.  In  1901  carding  and  spin- 
ning were  added.  In  1903,  ninety  thousand  square 
feet  of  floor  space  was  built  and  in  1904  Brussels  and 
Wilton  carpets  added  to  their  line  of  manufactures. 

Within  two  years  of  the  commencement  of  manu- 
facturing, the  business  had  grown  so  extensively,  Mr. 
Murray  found  it  necessary  to  give  it  his  whole  atten- 
tion, and  so,  in  1893,  he  withdrew  from  his  father's 
business.  Believing  in  the  great  possibilities  of  the  fu- 
ture in  Canada  and  desiring  to  be  better  seized  of  the 
requirements  of  the  country,  from  1895  to  1899,  Mr. 
Murray  visited  from  time  to  time  all  the  provinces  of 
Canada.  In  the  spring  of  1899  the  present  model 
carpet  factory  was  completed,  and  in  the  fall  of  1903 
extensive  building  operations  commenced  to  accommo- 
date plants  for  worsted  drawing  and  Wilton  and 
Brussels  carpet  making.  The  company's  manufac- 
tures are  sold  in  Australia,  New  Zealand,  South 
Africa,  the  West  Indies  and  also  in  Great  Britain. 

During  the  year  1899  Mi-  Murray  gave  a  greaf  deal 
of  consideration  to  the  importance  of  the  manufactu- 
rers of  Canada  preparing  for  the  development  of  trade 
which  was  making  itself  felt.  The  result  being  a  new 
constitution  and  code  of  by-laws  submitted  to  the  Ca- 
nadian Manufacturers'  Association  and  adopted  at  the 
annual  meeting  in  1900. 

Under  the  new  regulations  the  Association  grew 
rapidly  in  membership  and  influence,  from  a  small  or- 
ganization of  less  than  a  hundred  and  fifty  members 
to  ten  times  as  many,  from  being  an  Ontarian  body  to 
covering  every  province  of  Canada,  having  branches 
in  many  leading  cities,  to  having  sections  of  all  the 
leading  industries,  and  having  correspondent  associates 
in  many  of  the  leading  cities  of  trade  throughout  the 

Before  leaving  this  Association,  it  might  be  here 
stated  that  it  is  non-political,  non-partizan.  It  watches 
over  its  members'  interests  through  its  various  com- 
mittees of  legislation,  transportation,  commercial-intel- 
ligence, tariff,  finance  and  reception.  Mr.  Murray 
was  Vice-President  of  the  Association  in  1894  and  has 
been  Chairman  of  many  of  its  standing  committees, 
and  Chairman  of  the  Toronto  branch  for  the  years 

The  Toronto  Employers'  Association  owes  its  for- 
mation to  Mr.  Murray  in  the  fall  of  1902.  The  trouble 
caused  Toronto  employers  by  the  worst  influences  of 
unionized  labor  necessitated  they  should  organize.  The 
Association  is  non-political,  and  has  for  its  object  the 
purpose  of  retaining,  by  diplomatic  and  mild  measures, 

industrial  peace,  and  a  continued  confidence  between 
employer  and  employee. 

The  Association  has  been  instrumental  in  prevent- 
ing many  strikes,  and  bringing  others  to  a  close  in  a 
short  time  with  satisfaction  to  all  interested.  At  the 
time  of  writing  the  membership  has  grown  extensive- 
ly and  has  been  the  pioneer  of  many  other  cities  in 
forming  associations  in  Canada. 

As  a  business  man  Air.  Murray  has  assisted  in  the 
incorporation  of  several  companies,  on  whose  boards 
his  name  appears. 

When  and  where  possible,  Mr.  Murray  has  given 
some  time  in  the  interest  of  art.  In  the  reorganiza/- 
tion  of  the  Central  Ontario  School  of  Art  and  Indus- 
trial Design,  he  took  an  active  part,  assisting  on  the 
directorate  for  many  years,  and  continuing  his  connec- 
tion as  one  of  its  advisary  board.  He  is  also  a  charter 
member  of  the  Toronto  Museum  of  Art  and  one  of  it)s 
directors.  "The  Adelphi  Society  for  the  Encourage- 
ment of  Arts,  Manufactures  and  Commerce,"  has  a  tew 
members  in  Canada,  of  which  .Mr.  Murray  is  one.  He 
assisted  in  forming  the  Canadian  branch  of  the  Society 
of  Chemical  Industry  and  is  one  of  the  committee  of 

Water  sports  and  athletics  have  also  had  a  share  of 
.Mr.  Murray's  care,  joining  the  Argonaut  Rowing 
Club  in  the  year  of  its  foundation,  1872.  In  1894,  at 
the  annual  meeting,  the  unique  honor  was  conferred  on 
Mr.  Murray  of  electing  him  an  honorary-active-life 
member  and  Vice-President  for  the  year.  In  the  early 
months  of  1903  he  brought  the  old  members  together, 
those  who  had,  in  the  early  years  of  the  Club's  exist- 
ence, taken  some  interest  in  building  its  reputation  as 
one  of  the  most  important  rowing  clubs  of  the  world. 
The  outcome  was  the  formation  of  the  "  Argonaut  Old 

The  Island  Amateur  Aquatic  Association  was 
formed  by  Mr.  Murray  in  the  year  1887.  Xo  organiza- 
tion in  Canada  has  done  more  to  encourage  the  art  of 
swimming,  canoeing  and  general  freedom  in  water 
amusements.  The  vigorous  life  shown  by  the  Asso- 
ciation, summer  after  summer,  is  evidence  of  the  gen- 
eral appreciation  of  necessity  for  its  existence  and  of 
its  value. 

In  1878  Mr.  Murray  married  Marie  Emelie,  the 
only  daughter  of  Thomas  Caron,  of  St.  Eustache, 
Que.,  who  died  in  1881,  leaving  a  daughter,  Marghe- 
rita  Emelie.  In  1883  he  again  married,  espousing 
Nanno  Josephine,  the  only  daughter  of  Michael  Hayes, 
Crown  Attorney,  County  Perth,  Ont.,  who  died  in 
1896,  leaving  children,  Mona  Frederica,  Stuart  Allan, 
Hilda  Marion,  William  Alexander  and  James  Athol. 

In  religion  a  Catholic,  and  though  taking  no  promi- 
nent part  in  politics,  he  always  supported  the  Conser- 
vative policy,  believing  it  to  be  the  best  for  Canadian 
interests.  | 

A  strong  believer  in  the  future  of  Canada  and  in 
the  unity  of  the  British  Empire,  he  ever  gave  earnest 
support  to  Imperial  Federation  and  the  British  Empire 
League,  being  one  of  the  Toronto  branch  committee  in 
both,  covering  a  term  of  over  thirty  years. 



Mr.  William  J.  Morrice,  member  of  the  firm  of 
David  Morrice  &  Sons,  Montreal,  Merchants  and  Man- 
ufacturers Agents,  is  the  eldest  son  of  Mr.  David  Mor- 
rice, head  of  the  firm.  He  was  horn  in  Toronto  in 
1861,  coming  to  Montreal  with  his  parents  while  yet 
an  infant. 

Mr.  W.  J.  Morrice  was  educated  at  the  High 
School  of  Montreal  and  the  Collegiate  Institute  at  Gait, 
Ontario.  Mr.  Morrice  and  his  brother,  Mr.  D.  Mor- 
rice, Jr.,  were  both  destined  for  their  father's  business 
from  their  early  boyhood,  and  special  care  was  bestow- 
ed upon  equipping  them  for  their  lives'  work.  Before 
entering  their  father's  firm  they  were  sent  for  a  period 
of  two  years  to  Manchester,  where  they  entered  the 
great  dry  goods  house  of  Rylands  &  Sons,  Limited,  and 
served  for  two  years,  acquiring  a  thorough  practical 

knowledge  of  the  trade.  Mr.  W.  J.  Morrice  devoted 
his  attention  to  the  office  work  to  fit  himself  to  take 
charge  of  that  department  in  his  father's  firm,  while  his 
brother,  being  destined  to  take  charge  of  the  ware- 
houses, went  through  the  different  departments  of  the 
great  Manchester  house. 

In  1882,  Mr.  W.  J.  Morrice  and  his  brother  were 
taken  into  partnership  with  their  father,  the  firm  name 
being  changed  to  its  present  style :  David  Morrice  & 
Sons.  Mr.  W.  J.  Morrice  has  devoted  himself  very 
closely  to  the  business  of  the  firm,  but  his  capacity  has 
been  called  in  requisition  by  the  Cumberland  Coal  and 
Railway  Company,  which  owns  and  operates  big  mines 
at  Springhill,  N.S.,  and  of  which  corporation  he  is  a 



When  the  death  of  the  late  William  Mellis  Christie 
took  place  on  the  i/|.th  June,  1900,  a  prominent  figure 
in  the  Toronto  commercial  and  manufacturing  world 
was  lost  to  view,  but  his  memory  will  linger  for  man}' 
years  among  numbers  of  his  fellow  citizens,  whose  ad- 
miration and  respect  he  had  gained  in  his  long,  honor- 
able and  successful  business  career.  He  was  born  at 
Huntly,  Scotland,  on  January  5th,  1829,  and  after  re- 
ceiving a  good  education  and  apprenticeship  in  thai 
country,  came  to  Canada  in  1848,  and  after  engaging 
in  tihe  baking  trade  for  some  years,  finally  settled  in 
Toronto.  Here,  in  1849,  ne  entered  the  employment 
of  Messrs.  Mathers  &  Brown,  biscuit  manufacturers, 
as  assistant  and  travelling  salesman.  In  1850  Mr. 
Mathers  retired  and  Mr.  Christie  became  a  partner 
with  Mr.  Alex  Brown.  In  1853  Mr.  Brown  retired 
but  in  1861  re-entered  the  business,  when  the  name, 
Christie,  Brown  &  Co.  was  adopted.  Mr.  Brown  re- 
tired in  1878,  Mr.  Christie  continuing  alone  until  June1 
ist,  1899,  when  the  business  having  expanded  to  such 
an  extent,  it  was  thought  necessary  and  to  the  best  in- 
terests of  the  concern  to  form  the  same  into  a  limited, 
company.  This  was  accordingly  done  and  the  business) 
was  incorporated  as  Christie,  Brown  &  Company,1 
Limited,  on  June  ist,  1899,  with  Mr.  William  Mellis 
Christie  as  the  first  President.  This  company  is 
the  undoubted  leader  of  the  biscuit  manufacturing  in- 
dustry throughout  the  country  from  coast  to  coast. 
The  concern  was  built  up  to  its  present  proportion  by 
the  efforts  of  Mr.  Christie  from  a  comparatively 
small  beginning  and  has  taken  the  devotion  of  a  life- 

time to  develop.  On  June  I4th,  1899,  a  few  days  after 
the  formation  of  the  new  company,  Mr.  Christie  sailed 
for  Europe  for  a  well  earned  rest,  and  just  one  year 
afterwards  he  passed  peacefully  away  at  his  residence, 
Queen's  Park,  Toronto,  on  141)1  June,  1900.  Prac- 
tically, his  lifetime  was  exclusively  devoted  to  his  own 
business  interests,  and  that  of  the  company,  with  the 
exception  that  for  several  years  he  was  a  Trustee  of 
the  Toronto  University,  and  from  the  inception  of  the 
Toronto  Industrial  Exhibition  almost  up  to  the  time  of 
his  death,  worked  hard  and  continuously  to  bring  it  to 
the  position  which  it  now  occupies.  In  politics  he  was 
a  Liberal.  He  was  a  member  of  the  Toronto  and  Na- 
tional Clubs  and  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society.  The 
favorite  occupation  of  his  leisure  was  the  reading  of 
high-class  literature,  old  books,  and  studying  the  lead- 
ing scientific,  literary  and  political  reviews  and  period- 
icals. He  surrounded  himself  with  a  fine  library  of 
books  at  his  residence  in  Toronto,  where  he  also  took 
great  pride  in  his  extensive  garden,  which  he  spared 
no  expense  to  have  cultivated  to  perfection. 

On  the  2ist  of  March,  1855,  William  Mellis 
Christie  was  married  to  a  Canadian  lady,  Miss  Mary 
Jane  McMullen,  and  left  four  children,  Robert  Jaf- 
fray,  Mary  Jane,  married  to  John  J.  Palmer,  of  Tor- 
onto ;  Anne  Elizabeth,  married  to  D.  S.  Barclay,  of 
Toronto,  and  Fanny  Laura,  married  to  T.  J.  Clark,  of 

The  late  Mr.  Christie  will  long  be  remembered  as 
a  public  spirited  Torontonian,  as  well  as  a  generods 
and  charitable  citizen. 



Standing-  at  the  head  of  one  of  the  largest  concerns 
of  its  kind  in  Canada,  Robert  Jaffray  Christie,  the 
President  of  the  biscuit  manufacturing  company,  so 
widely  known  throughout  the  Dominion  as  Christie, 
Brown  &  Company,  Limited,  is  a  notable  figure  in  the 
commercial  community  of  Toronto.  This  extensive 
business  was  founded  by  his  late  father,  William  Mel- 
lis  Christie,  who  died  on  June  I4th,  1900,  and  since. 
that  event,  the  subject  of  this  sketch  has  been  at  thq 
head  of  its  affairs.  He  was  born  on  the  5th  of  April. 
1870,  in  Toronto,  and  is  the  only  son  of  his  parents. 
He  received  a  liberal  education  in  Toronto,  and  at  thfe 
age  of  twenty  entered  into  business  with  his  late  father 
and  has  devoted  the  whole  of  his  time  to  the  manage- 
ment and  development  of  the  business,  which  has 
grown  to  such  dimensions,  that  it  practically  leaves 

.Mr.  Christie  but  little  leisure  time.  He,  however,  is 
President  of  the  Monetary  Times  Printing  Company, 
besides  being  interested  in  various  other  commercial 
and  financial  enterprises. 

Politically  he  is  of  Liberal  tendencies.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  Toronto  Club,  the  National  Club,  the 
Hunt  Club,  the  Lambton  Golf  Club,  the  Royal  Cana- 
dian Yacht  Club,  the  Lacrosse  Club  and  other  recrea- 
tion clubs.  He  has  always  been  a  strong  supporter  of) 
football  and  encourages  all  manly  sports.  He  is  also  a 
member  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society. 

Robert  Jaffray  Christie  was  married  on  February 
29th,  1895,  to  a  daughter  of  J.  R.  Lee,  of  Toronto.  He 
has  three  children,  Win.  Lee,  Irving  Huntley  and 
Katharine.  His  residence  is  at  No.  55  Wellesley 
street,  Toronto. 



Mr.  Charles  Newhouse  Armstrong,  of  Montreal,  is 
one  of  the  most  active  and  best  known  railway  men  in 
the  Dominion  of  Canada.  He  was  born  at  the  Manor 
House  of  de  Lanaudiere,  Maskinonge  County,  Quebec, 
March  igth,  1850.  His  father  was  the  Hon.  James 
Armstrong,  C.M.G.,  who  attained  marked  distinction 
as  Chief  Justice  of  St.  Lucia  and  St.  Vincent,  British 
West  Indies,  and  was  well  known  as  an  advocate  in 
Montreal,  and  also  as  Chairman  of  the  Labor  Commis- 
sion, and  President  of  the  Montreal  and  Sorel  Railway 
Company.  His  mother,  whose  maiden  name  was  Char- 
lotte Olivier,  was  a  daughter  of  Hercules  Olivier  of 
Berthier,  Que.,  and  grand  daughter  of  Louis  Olivier, 
who  was  a  member  of  the  first  Legislature  of  Quebec 
in  1792.  The  Armstrong's  came  to  Canada  from  New 
York  in  1783,  after  the  American  revolution,  Mr.  Arm- 
strong's great-grandfather,  Edward  Armstrong,  being 
then  ten  years  old,  He  was  afterwards  Harbor  Mas- 
ter of  Montreal,  and  his  son,  Charles,  as  well  as  several 
of  his  brothers,  were  interested  in  shipping.  Charles 
and  his  brother  Jesse  commanded  some  of  the  first 
steamers  running  regularly  on  the  line  between  Quebec 
and  Montreal.  Captain  Charles  Armstrong  was  for 
many  years  closely  identified  with  the  work  of  improv- 
ing the  navigation  of  the  St.  Lawrence  between  Mon- 
treal and  Quebec.  After  completing  his  education  at 
the  Sorel  Model  School,  Mr.  Charles  N.  Armstrong  in 
1863,  went  to  St.  Louis,  Mo.,  where  he  entered  the 
general  passenger  department  of  the  Ohio  and  Miss- 
issippi Railway.  During  an  experience  of  three  years 
he  obtained  a  good  insight  into  the  details  of  railway 
work,  serving  in  various  departments  of  the  general 
offices  of  the  Company  mentioned.  At  the  outbreak 
of  the  Fenian  troubles  in  1866,  actuated  by  the  patriotic 
impulse  which  caused  many  Canadians  to  throw  up 
positions  in  the  United  States  to  return  to  Canada,  and 
assist  in  the  defence  of  their  native  land,  Mr.  Arm- 
strong came  back  to  Canada  and  joined  the  volunteer 
forces.  Mr.  Armstrong  also  served  during  the  Fenian 
Raids  of  1870,  and  was  awarded  the  medal  with  two 
clasps.  After  the  collapse  of  the  Fenian  trouble,  Mr. 
Armstrong  remained  in  Montreal  and  engaged  in  mer- 
cantile pursuits,  which  in  course  of  time  took  him  to 
the  United  States  and  Great  Britain. 

Returning  to  Canada  in  1881,  he  became  actively 
engaged  in  railway  construction.  He  organized  the 
Montreal  and  Sorel  Railway  and  constructed  it,  also 

the  Great  Northern  Railway,  of  which  he  constructed 
two  sections.  He  also  constructed  the  first  twenty 
miles  of  the  Pontiac  Pacific  Railway,  two  sections  of 
the  Great  Eastern  Railway,  the  Montreal  and  Lake 
Maskinonge  Railway,  the  Lachute  and  St.  Andrew's 
Railway,  and  the  Baie  des  Chaleurs  Railway.  He  or- 
ganized the  Atlantic  and  Lake  Superior  Railway, 
which  amalgamated  and  consolidated  several  of  the 
above  local  lines.  Mr.  Armstrong  has  always  been  a 
very  active  Conservative,  and  the  accession  of  the  Lib- 
eral Government  to  power  upset  the  plans  of  the  At- 
lantic and  Lake  Superior  Railway  Company,  the  new 
government  being  very  hostile  to  it.  This  has  led  to 
litigation  between  the  company  and  the  government, 
and,  pending  the  decision  of  the  Courts,  the  company 
has  been  obliged  to  suspend  construction. 

At  the  present  time  Mr.  Armstrong  holds  the  posi- 
tions of  General  Manager  of  the  Atlantic  and  Lake 
Superior  Railway  Company,  and  President  of  the  Baie 
des  Chaleurs  Railway  Company. 

Mr.  Armstrong  has  made  a  special  study  of  rail- 
way legislation.  Being  one  of  the  most  energetic  of 
Canada's  citizens,  and  with  the  long  and  varied  exper- 
ience he  has  had  in  practical  railroading  in  Canada  he 
has  come  to  be  considered  as  one  of  the  leading  author- 
ities on  railway  matters  in  Canada. 

Mr.  Armstrong  was  married  July  i8th,  1871,  to 
Frances  Amelia,  daughter  of  J.  E.  Johnstone,  M.D.,  of 
Sorel,  Que.  Their  family  consists  of  the  following : 
Charles  J.  Armstrong,  Captain  in  the  5th  Royal  Scots 
of  Canada,  at  present  District  Engineer  of  the  South 
African  Railways,  Harrismith,  Orange  River  Colony : 
Bertie  H.  O.  Armstrong,  Captain  Royal  Engineers, 
Director  Public  Works,  Orange  River  Colony,  Bloem- 
fontein,  O.R.C. ;  Edgar  N.  Armstrong,  Captain  5th 
Royal  Scots,  advocate,  Montreal ;  F.  Percy  Arm- 
strong, Lieutenant  (unattached)  London,  Eng. ;  J. 
Hector  de  L.  Armstrong,  Lieut.  5th  Royal  Scots  of 
Canada ;  F.  Logic  Armstrong,  Cadet  Royal  Military 
College,  Kingston ;  Mabel  Charlotte  Armstrong,  mar- 
ried to  Captain  William  Bentham  of  the  2nd  Regiment 
Canadian  Artillery  :  Miss  Florence  Elsie  Armstrong, 
unmarried.  It  will  be  observed  that  Mr.  Armstrong's 
six  sons  as  well  as  his  son-in-law,  all  wear  His  Maj- 
esty's uniform.  Mrs.  Armstrong's  family,  for  many 
generations  back  has  also  been  connected  with  the 
British  army. 



Of  all  the  names  of  eminent  financiers  closely 
identified  with  the  history  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal, 
none  stands  out  more  prominently  than  that  of  the 
late  Mr.  C.  F.  Smithers. 

Mr.  Smithers  was  born  in  London,  England,  in 
1822,  and  early  in  life  entered  upon  the  business  of 
banking.  He  came  to  Canada  in  1847  as  tnc 
accountant  of  the  Bank  of  British  North  America, 
with  which  institution  he  was  for  some  years  sub- 
sequently identified,  serving  in  the  Montreal  office  for 
seven  years  as  accountant  and  sub-manager,  then  as 
manager  of  the  branch  at  Brantford,  Out,  where  he 
remained  for  two  and  a  half  years,  when  he  was  pro- 
moted to  the  management  of  the  bank  at  St.  John, 
New  Brunswick.  On  June  1st,  1858,  he  entered  the 
service  of  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  going  to  New  York 
as  senior  agent  of  the  agency  in  that  city,  which  posi- 
tion he  held  until  May,  1863,  when  he  resigned  and 

returned  to  Montreal  to  take  charge  of  the  branch  of 
the  London  and  Colonial  Bank  in  the  Canadian  Com- 
mercial Metropolis.  Three  years  later  he  again  took 
up  his  residence  in  New  York,  and  entered  upon  busi- 
ness as  a  private  banker,  which  he  followed  until  1869, 
when  he  once  more  joined  the  Bank  of  Montreal, 
resuming  the  position  of  chief  agent  in  that  city. 
Upon  the  resignation  of  Mr.  R.  B.  Angus  as  general 
manager  in  the  autumn  of  1879,  expectation  instinc- 
tively turned  to  Mr.  Smithers  as  his  successor,  and  it 
was  in  accordance  with  popular  opinion  that  the 
directors  called  Mr.  Smithers  to  the  management  of 
the  bank.  Two  years  later,  in  June,  1881,  he  was 
elected  president  of  the  institution  and  its  active 
executive  head,  a  position  he  continued  to  fill  with 
great  ability  and  unchecked  success  down  to  the  time 
of  his  death,  1887. 



Mr.  George  Hampden  Smithers,  stock-broker, 
Montreal,  belongs  to  a  family  intimately  associated 
with  the  financial  history  of  Canada.  He  was  born  in 
Brooklyn,  N.Y.,  April  7th,  1863,  the  son  of  Charles  F. 
Smithers  and  Martha  Shearman  Smithers,  his  wife. 
Mr.  Charles  F.  Smithers,  banker,  came  to  Canada  in 
the  service  of  the  Bank  of  British  North  America,  and 
later  entering  the  Bank  of  Montreal,  served  in  nearly 
every  position  therein,  including  that  of  President, 
which  high  post  of  trust  he  held  at  the  time  of  his 
death  in  1887. 

Mr.  George  Hampden  Smithers  was  educated  in 
Brooklyn,  N.Y.,  and  entered  the  Bank  of  Montreal  at 
the  head  office  in  1879,  staying  there  two  years.  In 
1 88 1  he  entered  the  brokerage  firm  of  Burnett  &  Co., 
becoming  a  partner  therein  in  1887.  On  the  death  of 
Mr.  James  Burnett,  the  senior  partner,  in  1894,  Mr. 

Smithers  took  the  position  of  head  of  the  firm,  retain- 
ing the  name  of  Burnett  &  Company,  and  associating 
with  him  in  partnership  Mr.  James  Pangman,  who  left 
the  Merchants'  Bank  of  Canada  to  enter  the  firm. 

Mr.  Smithers  has  been  on  the  Governing  Com- 
mittee of  the  Montreal  Stock  Exchange  for  about 
seven  years,  holding  the  positions  of  Secretary-Treas- 
urer, Vice-President  and  President,  from  which  latter 
position  he  retired  in  May,  1901. 

Mr.  Smithers  was  married  in  1890  to  Miss  Frances 
Clark  Cook,  of  Philadelphia,  and  their  family  consists 
of  two  daughters  :  Frances  C.  Smithers  and  M.  Geor- 
gina  Smithers. 

Mr.  Smithers  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club, 
Mount  Royal  Club,  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  Montreal 
Hunt  Club,  etc.,  etc. 



FELIX  CARBRAY— or  Phclim  O'Cairbre,  as  his 
Gaelic  friends  prefer  to  call  him,  was  born  at  Quebec 
on  the  22iid  December,  1835,  and  was  brought  up  at 
the  old  historic  "Holland  House,"  on  St.  Foy's  Road. 
(See  Lemoine's  Picturesque  Quebec,  page  410).  His 
parents  were  from  the  County  Tyrone,  Ireland.  They 
came  to  Canada  in  the  early  3o's.  His  father  was 
Niall  Carbray,  and  born  at  Carrickcastle,  near  Dun- 
gannon — the  old  Carbray  homestead  still  exists  there 
and  is  occupied  by  a  member  of  the  family.  His 
mother  was  Catherine  Connolly,  a  native  of  Clogher, 
County  Tyrone. 

Felix  Carbray  was  educated  at  private  schools  and 
at  the  Christian  Brothers,  in  his  native  city.  Fndowed 
with  natural  talents  of  no  ordinary  character  and  with 
a  thirst  for  knowledge,  he  applied  himself  earnestly 
in  the  effort  to  improve  his  education  in  every  possible 
way.  He  distinguished  himself  in  mathematics  and 
English  literature.  He  was  endowed  with  a  great 
aptitude  for  the  acquisition  of  foreign  languages,  and 
is  familiar  with  the  Spanish.  Portuguese,  Italian  and 
French.  He  is  as  thoroughly  familiar  with  French  as 
with  English.  He  has  often  been  complimented  on  his 
proficiency  in  the  former,  speaking  it  with  the  elegance 
of  a  '"Parisian." 

Thus  well  equipped  with  a  superior  education  and 
a  worthy  ambition  to  make  his  mark  in  life,  he  began 
a  business  course  in  April.  1854,  as  an  accountant, 
which  he  continued  in  some  of  the  leading  business 
houses  in  his  native  city  for  15  years. 

In  May,  1869,  he  opened  an  office  on  his  own 
account  in  the  general  commission  and  shipping  busi- 
ness, which  from  the  beginning  was  most  successful. 

In  the  spring  of  1870,  lie  took  as  a  partner,  Francis 
Alexander  Routh,  son  of  the  late  Sir  Randolph  Routh. 
His  mother  was  a  Taschereau,  sister  of  the  late  Car- 
dinal Taschereau  and  of  the  late  Chief  Justice 
Taschereau.  The  new  firm  "Carbray  &  Routh,"  which 
a  few  years  later  became  "Carbray,  Routh  &  Co.," 
opened  an  office  also  in  Montreal,  Mr.  Carbray  manag- 
ing the  business  of  the  Quebec  office  and  Mr.  Routh 
that  of  the  Montreal  office.  The  new  firm  had  a  long, 
prosperous  and  honorable  career.  No  firm  was  more 
widely  known  all  over  the  business  world,  nor  did  any 
stand  higher  for  integrity  and  honorability. 

The  partnership,  having  expired  in  1900,  was  dis- 
solved and  the  affairs  liquidated ;  this  being  found  to 
the  mutual  advantage  of  the  associates. 

Mr.  Carbray  continued  the  business  at  Quebec 
with  his  son,  William,  under  the  name  of  "  Carbray, 
Son  &  Co.,"  and  Mr.  Routh  that  of  Montreal  under 
the  style  of  "F.  A.  Routh  &  Co."  Both  firms  have 
been  very  successful  and  bid  fair  to  go  on  down  the 
generations  as  many  of  the  old  houses  of  Europe. 

The  high  character  and  abilities  of  Felix  Carbray 
at  an  early  date  attracted  the  attention  of  his  fellow 
citizens,  and  every  mark  of  esteem  and  confidence  was 

shown  him.  He  loved  Ireland,  the  land  of  his  fathers, 
with  an  intense  love,  and  threw  himself  heart  and  soul 
into  every  movement  tending  to  promote  her  cause  or 
the  welfare  of  his  race.  No  Irishman  of  his  time  in 
Quebec,  did  more  to  raise  the  prestige  of  the  Irish 
race  and  the  cause  of  Ireland  among  the  peoples  of 
other  races  and  creeds. 

In  1883,  "Redpath's  Weekly"  says  of  Mr. 
Carbray : — 

"  He  is  a  gentleman  of  high  culture  and  deep 
"learning.  His  linguistic  attainments  are  also  re- 
"  markable.  He  speaks  the  French  and  English 
"  languages  with  equal  fluency,  and  as  both  are  used 
"  in  the  Quebec  Legislature,  Mr.  Carbray  addresses 
"  the  House  in  one  or  the  other  with  equal  elegancy. 
"  as  circumstances  may  require.  He  also  converses 
"  freely  in  Italian,  Spanish  and  Portuguese. 

"  The  high  esteem  in  which  he  is  held  by  his  Irish 
"  fellow-citizens,  is  best  shown  by  the  fact  that  they 
"  have  never  missed  an  occasion  to  put  him  in  every 
"  place  of  honor  and  trust  within  their  gift.  He  is  at 
"'  present  their  worthy  representative  in  the  Parliament 
"  of  the  Province  of  Quebec,  as  a  member  of  the  West 
"  Division  of  the  city,  which,  though  it  contains  the 
"  leading  British  commercial  men  of  Quebec,  is  con- 
"'  trolled  by  the  Irish  vote. 

"  Mr.  Carbray  is  an  eloquent  and  forcible  orator, 
"  his  recent  speech  on  the  occasion  of  the  reading 
"  of  '  the  speech  from  the  throne,'  having  been  pro- 
"  nounced  bv  the  Canadian  press  as  the  most  remark  - 
"  able  English  speech  ever  delivered  in  the  Quebec 
"  Legislature. 

"  In  his  public  capacity  Mr.  Carbray  has  never 
"'  made  an  enemy,  while  as  a  private  citizen  he  has 
"  hosts  of  friends." 

Rose,  in  his  "  Cyclopedia  of  Canadian  Biography," 
says  of  him  :— 

"  He  was  educated  at  Quebec,  where  he  has  resi- 
"  ded  throughout  his  life,  though  he  has  travelled 
"  extensively  in  America  and  Europe,  principally  on 
"  business  connected  with  the  trade  in  lumber,  in 
''  which  his  house  is  engaged.  He  was  one  of  the 
"  pioneers  of  the  lumber  trade  between  the  St.  Law- 
"  rence  and  South  America,  and  is  still  lareely  in- 
"  terested  in  it.  In  addition  to  his  other  duties,  he 
"  fills  the  important  position  of  Consul  of  Portugal 
"  at  the  oort  of  Quebec.  A  Roman  Catholic  in  reli- 
"  ?ion,  Mr.  Carbray  has  been  honored  by  the  St. 
"  Patrick's  congregation  of  Quebec  with  election  and 
"  re-election  as  one  of  the  trustees  of  their  church,  and 
"  is  also  a  trustee  of  that  noble  Irish  Catholic  charity, 
"  the  St.  Bridget's  Asylum,  of  Quebec.  He  has  taken 
"  an  equally  active  and  leading  part  in  all  the  local 
"  rational  movements  of  his  fellow-countrvmen,  and 
"  has  been  president  of  the  St.  Patrick's  Literary  In- 
"  stitute,-  the  Irish  National  Association,  and  other 
"  Irish  bodies  in  Quebec.  He  is  a  IJberal-Conser- 

"  vative  in  politics,  and  at  the  provincial  general  elec- 
"  tions  in  1881,  yielding  to  the  solicitations  of  his 
"  friends,  he  ran  as  the  party  candidate  for  the  electoral 
"  division  of  Quebec  West  and,  after  a  hard  fight,  was 
"  elected  by  a  good  majority  to  represent  that  con- 
"  stituency  injhe  Legislative  Assembly  in  the  province. 
"  His  parliamentary  career  was  very  creditable. 
'  Though  he  did  not  often  address  the  House,  he  was 
"  always  listened  to  with  the  utmost  respect,  being  an 
"  equally  good  speaker  and  debater  in  both  English 
"  and  French,  and  never  wasting  his  powder  except 
"  on  serious  and  interesting  subjects  with  which  he 
"  was  most  conversant,  such  especially  as  questions  of 
"  finance  and  commerce.  In  fact,  so  marked  a  figure 
"  was  he  in  this  respect  in  the  Legislature  from  1881  to 
1886,  that  rumor  frequently  connected  his  name  with 
"  a  cabinet  office,  and  there  is  little  doubt  that  had  he 
"  continued  in  public  life  and  his  party  been  re-elected 
"  to  power  at  the  general  elections  of  1886,  he  would 
"  have  sooner  or  later,  entered  the  provincial  ministry. 
"  During  the  last  session  of  his  term,  he  was  the  mover 
"  in  the  Legislative  Assembly  of  the  Resolutions 
"  adopted  by  that  body  in  favor  of  granting  Home 
"  Rule  to  Ireland,  and  expressing  sympathy  with  Mr. 
"  Gladstone  in  his  efforts  to  solve  the  Irish  problem 
"  peacefully  without  dismembering  the  Empire.  At 
"  the  general  elections  on  the  I4th  October,  he  again 
"  ran  as  the  Liberal-Conservative  candidate  for  Que- 
"  bee  West  and,  though  political  feeling  in  the  province 
"  ran  high  at  the  time,  owing  to  the  Riel  agitation,  was 
"  only  defeated  by  the  slender  majority  of  eight  votes, 
"  owing  largely  to  over  confidence  on  the  part  of  his 
''  friends.  Since  then  Mr.  Carbray  has  devoted  him- 
"  self  exclusively  to  the  management  of  the  large  and 
"  growing  business  of  his  firm." 

In  May,  1854,  he  married  Miss  Margaret  Car- 
berry,  a  daughter  of  the  late  William  Carberry,  of 
Carrick-on-Suir,  Ireland,  of  whom  he  had  a  large  and 
interesting  family — four  sons  and  six  daughters,  those 
still  living  are :  Herbert,  of  Montreal ;  William,  Que- 
bec ;  Thomas  John,  a  promising  young  lawyer ;  Mrs. 
P.  L.  Connor,  Boston ;  Mrs.  Alfred  Carroll,  Montreal, 
and  Grace.  His  youngest  daughter  Grace  and  son 
Thomas  live  with  him  at  "  Benburb  Place,"  the  Ram- 

Mrs.  Carbray  died  in  May,  1895.  She  was  in 
every  way  worthy  of  her  distinguished  husband :  a 
patrotic  Irish  wqman  and  revered  and  esteemed  for 
her  piety  and  devotedness  to  God's  poor. 

In  October,  1902,  he  married  Miss  Bridget  Car- 
berry — widow  of  the  late  Nicholas  K.  Connolly — 
sister  of  his  first  wife.  The  marriage  ceremony  was 
performed  at  St.  Gabriel's  Church.  New  York,  by 
His  Grace  Archbishop  Farley.  She  died  on  the  ist 
of  July,  1903,  deeply  regretted  by  her  sorrowing 
husband  and  all  who  knew  her.  A  most  amiable 
lady  and,  like  her  sister,  devoted  to  the  poor. 

Mr.  Carbray  has  filled  many  distinguished  posi- 
tions in  his  life  ;  he  is  held  in  high  esteem  by  his  fellow- 
citizens  of  all  races,  creeds  and  politics. 

He  is  at  present  a  member  of  the  Quebec  Harbor 
Commission,  of  the  Quebec  Board  of  Trade,  Consul 
for  Portugal,  and,  being  the  oldest  Consul  here,  is  dean 
of  the  Consular  Corps,  senior  trustee  of  St.  Patrick's 
Church,  of  the  St.  Bridget's  Asylum  Association,  pre- 
dent  of  the  United  Irish  League,  etc.,  etc. 

Mr.  Carbray  is  an  ardent  upholder  of  the  move- 
ment for  the  revival  of  the  old  Irish  language — the 
Gaelic.  He  delivered  a  lecture  on  this  subject  at  Tara 
Hall,  Quebec,  in  April,  1899,  which  displayed  pro- 
found knowledge  of  the  subject,  and  attracted  the 
attention  and  enconiums  of  the  whole  Celtic  world. 

The  Honorable  Justice  Routhier,  in  his  important 
work  "Quebec  et  Levis  a  1'Aurore  du  2oieme  Siecle," 
has  this  to  say  of  Mr.  Carbray : — 

"  La  famille  Carbray  (ou  plutot  O'Cairbre,  en 
"celtiquej,  est  une  des  plus  anciennes  de  la  vieille 
"  Irlande  ;  elle  remonte  aux  Ard-Ris  ou  Rois 
"  Supremes  de  ITrlande,  vers  le  commencement  de 
"  1'ere  chretienne,  dont  l'un  des  plus  illustres  etait  le 
"  roi  '  Cairbre  Liffeacher,'  fils  du  grand  roi  "  Cormac 
Mac  Art,"  descendant  direct  de  Heremon,  premier 
"  chef  des  Milesiens.  II  est  assez  curieux  de  con- 
"  stater  que  la  reine  Victoria  reclame  la  meme  lignee, 
"  du  cote  de  ses  ancetres  Ecossais.  I  est  de  fait 
"  historique  que  les  "  Highlanders,"  les  vrais  Ecossais, 
"  sont  d'origine  irlandaise.  La  premiere  colonie,  sous 
"  leur  chef  "  Cairbre  Riada,"  fils  du  roi  d'lrlande, 
"  ayant  traverse  de  1'Irlande  en  Argylshire,  en 
"  Ecosse,  au  lieme  siecle,  d'apres  le  Venerable  Bede. 
"ayant  traversee  de  1'Irlande  en  Argylshire,  en 
"  Ceci  explique  le  Lion-Cairbre,  quit  a  ete  conserve 
"  par  les  Ecossais  sur  les  armes  brittaniques. 

"  La  devise  "  Dia  a's  Ccart  "  est  en  langue  celtique 
"  et  vent  dire :  Dieu  et  le  Droit,  ou.  Dieu  ct  h 
"  Justice." 

We  are  pleased  to  be  able  to  reproduce  the 
"  Cairbre "  Arms.  According  to  O'Hart's  notable 
work  "  Irish  Pedigrees,"  the  Carbray  family  are  traced 
back  to  King  "  Cairbre,"  Ard-Righ  of  Ireland  in  the 
second  century — the  Solomon  of  the  Irish  Monarchy. 

In  religion  Mr.  Carbray  is  a  Roman  Catholic. 

In  politics,  a  life  long  and  unswerving  Conserva- 

Mr.  Carbray  is  a  member  of  several  important 
foreign  societies ;  among  others,  he  is  a  life  member  of 
the  Royal  Irish  Academy,  Fellow  of  the  Royal  Society 
of  Antiquaries,  of  Dublin.  He  is  also  vice-president 
of  the  American  Irish  Historical  Society,  of  which 
President  Roosevelt  is  a  member. 


Frederick  William  Thompson,  Montreal,  merchant 
miller,  vice-president  and  managing-  director  of  the 
Ogilvie  Flour  Mills  Company,  was  born  at  Montreal, 
January  i6th,  1862.  His  father  was  Andrew  Thomp- 
son, accountant  and  his  mother's  maiden  name  Jose- 
phine D.  Lesperance.  Mr.  Thompson  is  of  Scottish 
extraction  on  his  father's  side,  on  his  mother's  French. 
Mr.  Thompson  was  educated  at  Montreal  and  Brook- 
lyn, N.Y.,  and  inaugurated  his  business  career  in  the 
banking  business.  He  entered  the  service  of  the  Ogil- 
vies,  the  great  Canadian  milling  firm,  in  1892,  and  was 
in  time  promoted  to  the  management  of  the  Winnipeg 
branch  of  the  business.  When  the  business  was  or- 
ganized into  a  limited  liability  company,  Mr.  Thomp- 
son was  elected  vice-president  and  managing  director, 
and  removed  to  Montreal.  His  removal  from  Winni- 
peg was  greatly  regretted  by  the  people  of  the  prairie 

city,  where  he  had  identified  himself  with  local  public 
affairs,  holding  for  some  time  the  position  of  president 
of  the  Winnipeg  Industrial  Exhibition  Association. 
Mr.  Thompson  is  a  director  of  the  Crown  Life  Insur- 
ance Company,  and  the  Winnipeg  General  Power 
Company,  and  is  also  a  member  of  the  governing  body 
of  the  Havergal  Ladies'  College,  Winnipeg. 

Mr.  Thompson  was  married  to  Wilhelima  Reid,  of 
Bedford,  Que.,  and  there  have  been  issue  of  the  union 
one  son  and  three  daughters  as  follows  :  Frank  H. 
Thompson,  Marion  Thompson,  Ada  Thompson  and 
Helen  Thompson. 

Mr.  Thompson  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James  Club, 
Montreal  ;  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  Dorval  ;  Mani- 
toba Club,  Winnipeg,  and  the  Commercial  Club,  Win- 



William  Molson  Macpherson,  president  of  the 
Molson's  Bank,  was  born  in  Montreal,  September 
24th,  1848,  and  was  the  eldest  son  of  the  late  Sir 
David  L.  Macpherson,  K.C.M.G.,  Chestnut  Park, 
Toronto,  Privy  Councillor  for  the  Dominion,  formerly 
speaker  of  the  Canadian  Senate,  and  Minister  of  the 
Interior,  by  his  wife,  Elizabeth  Sarah,  daughter  of 
the  late  William  Molson,  of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Macpherson  was  educated  at  Leamington  Col- 
lege and  at  Hastings,  Eng.,  and  received  his  business 
training  under  Messrs.  A.  F.  &  R.  Maxwell,  Liver- 
pool. In  1870  he  removed  to  Quebec,  and  in  1872 
he  took  a  financial  interest  in  the  Dominion  Steamship 
Company,  and  has  ever  since  had  an  active  part  in  the 
management  of  the  company,  having  had  charge,  with 

marked  success,  of  the  Quebec  agency.  He  was 
appointed  one  of  the  Harbour  Commissioners  of  Que- 
bec in  1896,  and  holds  other  important  offices.  He- 
was  for  many  years  on  the  directorate  of  the  Molsons 
Bank,  and  was  elected  president  of  that  institution 
on  the  demise  of  J.  H.  R.  Molson,  the  previous  occu- 
pant, June,  1897.  Mr.  Macpherson  is  a  member  of 
the  Church  of  England.  Politically  he  is  a  Conser- 
vative. He  married,  1878,  Maria  Stuart,  daughter  of 
the  late  D.  T.  Wotherspoon,  of  Quebec.  His  resi- 
dence is  73  St.  Ursule  street,  Quebec.  He  is  a  mem- 
ber of  the  Garrison  Club,  Quebec ;  St.  James  Club 
and  Mount  Royal  Club,  Montreal ;  Toronto  Club, 
Junior  Athenaeum  Club  and  Royal  Colonial  Institute, 
London,  Eng. 

R.  A.  DUNTON,  B.C.L.,  N.P. 

Robert  Andrew  Dunton  was  born  in  Richmond, 
Quc.,  I3th  February,  1862,  being  the  eldest  son  of  the 
late  George  Dunton  and  Agnes  Wilson,  the  former  a 
native  of  Norwich,  England,  and  the  latter  of  Perth- 
shire, Scotland.  Mr.  Dunton  removed  to  Montreal 
when  about  twenty  years  of  age.  His  preliminary 
education  was  received  at  St.  Francis  Grammar  School 
and  College.  He  began  his  professional  studies  in  the 
office  of  the  late  C.  P.  Cleveland,  N.P.,  and  took  his- 
law  course  in  McGill  University,  graduating  with 
honors.  On  admission  to  practice  in  1883,  he  entered 
the  firm  of  Gushing  &  Hunter,  and  continued  with  thai 
firm  till  1899,  the  firm  being  then  known  as  Gushing, 
Dunton  &  Barren.  The  present  firm  is  Dunton  & 

Mr.  Dunton  was  appointed  joint  notary  to  the  City 

of  Montreal  in  1898,  and  is  notary  to  a  number  of  large 
companies  and  institutions  in  the  city,  including  several 
of  the  principal  banks  and  estates.  He  enjoys  the  con- 
fidence and  esteem  of  his  legal  brethren,  and,  although 
a  comparatively  young  man,  stands  in  the  front  rank  of 
his  profession,  and  has  an  extensive  private  practice. 
He  is  a  member  of  the  Board  of  Notaries,  which  con- 
trols the  admission  to  the  study  and  practice  of  the  pro- 
fession, and  corresponds  to  the  Bar  of  the  Province 
among  advocates. 

Mr.  Dunton  is  a  life  governor  of  the  Montreal 
General  Hospital  and  director  of  the  Merchants'  Tele- 
phone Company,  and  of  other  private  industrial  com- 

He  married  in  1892  in  Montreal,  Lila  Warden,  eld- 
est daughter  of  the  Rev.  R.  H.  Warden,  D.D. 



Albert  Joseph  Brown,  K.C.,  Advocate,  Montreal, 
is  a  native  of  the  Eastern  Townships,  having  been  born 
at  Windsor  Mills,  Que.,  July  8th,  1861,  the  son  of 
Shepherd  Joseph  Brown,  Farmer,  and  Jennet  Shanks, 
his  wife.  Mr.  IJrown's  ancestors  lived  in  Massachus- 
sets  prior  to  1671,  moving  to  Plymouth,  New  Hamp- 
shire, in  1764.  In  1 80 1  the  family  settled  at  Windsor, 
Que.  Mr.  Brown's  mother  was  of  Scottish  parent- 

Mr.  Brown  was  educated  at  St.  Francis  College, 
Richmond,  Morrin  College,  Quebec,  and  McGill  Uni- 
versity, Montreal.  From  the  latter  institution  of 
learning  he  graduated  in  Arts  in  1883,  and  in  Law  in 
1886,  winning  the  Elizabeth  Torrance  Gold  Medal. 
During  his  law  course,  Mr.  Brown  was  a  student  with 
the  late  W.  H.  Kerr,  Q.C.,  and  Mr.  C.  B.  Carter,  K.C. 

On  admission  to  the  Bar  Mr.  Brown  became  a 
partner  of  the  late  L.  N.  Benjamin,  and  upon  his  death 
in  1887,  became  a  member  of  the  firm  of  Chapleau, 
Hall,  Nicolls  &  Brown,  of  which  firm,  the  present  one 
of  Hall,  Cross,  Brown  and  Sharp  are  successors. 

Mr.  Brown  has  kept  out  of  politics,  devoting  his 
time  exclusively  to  the  practice  of  his  profession,  and 
thus  winning  an  enviable  position  in  it  comparatively 
early  in  his  career.  He  was  appointed  a  Q.C.  in 

He  was  married  in  Quebec,  1888,  to  Josephine 

Mr.  Brown  is  a  member  of  the  Mount  Royal,  St. 
James,  Forest  and  Stream,  Montreal,  Royal  Montreal 
Golf,  and  Thistle  Curling  Clubs,  and  the  Montreal 
Amateur  Athletic  Association. 





The  late  Hector  Mackenzie,  for  many  years  one 
of  the  leading  merchants  and  capitalists  of  the  City  of 
Montreal,  was  born  in  that  city  May  3rd,  1843,  n's 
parents  being  J.  G.  Mackenzie,  head  of  the  great 
wholesale  drygoods  house  of  J.  G.  Mackenzie  &  Com- 
pany, and  Seraphina  Gates,  his  wife.  As  may  be 
judged  from  the  name,  Mr.  Mackenzie's  ancestors 
came  from  Scotland.  After  being  educated  at  the 
High  School  of  Montreal,  Mr.  Mackenzie  entered  the 
firm  of  J.  G.  Mackenzie  &  Company,  retaining  his 
connection  therewith,  and  being  its  head  at  the  time 
of  his  death,  August  2Oth,  1901.  Mr.  Mackenzie 
was  for  many  years  a  director  of  the  Merchants  Bank 
of  Canada,  and  for  several  years  Vice-President.  A 
man  of  keen  patriotic  feeling,  he  at  an  early  age  identi- 
fied himself  with  the  militia  force,  holding  for  several 
years  a  commission  in  the  old  5th  Royal  Light  In- 
fantry, and  as  one  of  the  senior  captains  of  that  dis- 

tinguished regiment,  assisting  in  its  reorganization  as 
the  Fifth  Royal  Fusileers  (now  the  5th  Royal  Scots), 
in  1876.  He  was  a  most  generous  and  valued  patron 
of  art,  and,  being  himself  an  accomplished  musician, 
devoted  much  time  and  means  to  the  encouragement 
of  the  public  taste  for  music.  He  was  for  years  the 
President,  and  a  strong  financial  supporter  of  the 
Montreal  Philharmonic  Society.  The  beautiful 
celestial  organ  in  Christ  Church  Cathedral,  and  various 
costly  contributions  towards  the  completion  of  the 
superb  main  organ  in  the  same  sacred  edifice  are  living 
memorials  of  his  liberality  and  love  of  music. 

Mr.  Mackenzie  was  married  June  9th,  1870,  to 
Martha  A.  H.  Alger,  daughter  of  Cyrus  Alger,  of 
Boston.  Their  family  consisted  of  two  daughters  and 
one  son,  Marguerite  E.,  married  to  H.  Montagu  Allan, 
of  Montreal,  October  i8th,  1893,  Miss  Evelyn  A.  Mac- 
kenzie and  Mr.  J.  Gordon  Mackenzie. 


Mr.  Frank  Paul.  President  and  Treasurer  of  Beld- 
ing. Paul  &  Company,  (Limited),  Montreal,  was  born 
in  Philadclphi  in  1847,  n's  parents  being  of  old  Penn- 
sylvania Dutch  stock.  In  1853,  Mr.  Paul  went  with 
his  parents  to  the  Western  States  where  he  was  edu- 
cated. At  the  age  of  nineteen  he  returned  to  the  east, 
where  he  entered  a  large  wholesale  dry  goods  house, 
rapidly  rising  in  the  service,  soon  becoming  its  "credit 
man."  After  the  panic  of  1873  the  business  of  the 
house  with  which  he  was  connected  dwindled  away, 
and  as  he  saw  no  immediate  prospect  of  an  improve- 
ment under  existing  conditions  he  decided  to  accept  an 
offer  from  Messrs.  Belding  Brothers  and  Company,  a 
leading  United  States  silk  manufacturing  firm,  to  take 
charge  of  a  branch  manufacturing  establishment  in 
Montreal.  So  in  July,  1877,  Mr.  Paul  arrived  in  Mon- 
treal and  established  the  firm  of  Belding,  Paul  and 
Company,  the  pioneer  house  of  the  Canadian  silk  in- 

dustry. The  original  arrangement  between  Mr.  Paul 
and  the  Messrs.  Belding  Brothers  was  in  the  nature  of 
a  three  years  trial,  and  the  present  extensive  plant  at 
the  St.  Gabriel  Locks,  Montreal,  is  the  best  proof  of  the 
result.  The  development  of  the  firm's  business  has 
been  well  maintained  from  the  very  start. 

In  1890  the  Canadian  firm  dissolved  all  connections 
with  the  United  States  house  of  Belding  Brothers,  and 
formed  an  independent  limited  liability  Company,  of 
which  Mr.  Paul  was  elected  and  is  still  President  and 
Treasurer.  In  addition  to  his  position  as  head  of  the 
leading  silk  house  of  Canada,  Mr.  Paul  is  a  director  of 
the  Colonial  Bleaching  Company,  the  Halifax  Tram 
Railway  Company,  the  Montreal  Cold  Storage  Com- 
pany, and  the  Kootenay  Coal  and  Mining  Company. 

Mr.  Paul  is  married  and  has  a  family  of  three  chil- 



Mr.  Duncan  M.  Stewart,  banker,  Montreal,  general 
manager  of  the  Sovereign  Bank  of  Canada,  is  the  eld- 
est son  of  an  Edinburgh  Scotsman,  William  Stewart, 
of  Hamilton,  Out.  He  was  born  at  Muckross,  Kil- 
larney,  Ireland,  March  3ist,  1869,  and  was  educated 
at  the  Muckross  National  School  and  St.  Brendan's 
College,  Killarney.  He  came  with  his  parents  to  Can- 
ada in  1886,  and  entered  upon  his  business  life  at  Ham- 
ilton, Ont.,  in  the  office  of  Dun,  Wiman  &  Co.  In  Oc- 
tober of  the  same  year  he  accepted  his  first  appoint- 
ment in  the  business  in  which  he  has  attained  such  dis- 
tinction, that  of  a  junior  clerk  in  the  Hamilton  office  of 
the  Traders'  Bank  of  Canada.  In  April,  1887,  he  was 
appointed  Secretary  to  the  General  Manager  of  the 
Bank  in  Toronto,  leaving  that  position  a  few  months 
afterwards  to  accept  a  similar  appointment  with  the 
General  Manager  of  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce. 
In  1891  he  was  transferred  to  the  New  York  office  of 
the  Bank,  where  he  remained  until  1895,  when  he  be- 
came successively  Secretary  to  the  Manager  and  Chief 
Discount  Clerk  of  the  Canadian  Bank  of  Commerce  at 
Montreal.  In  May,  1897,  he  accepted  an  offer  from 
the  Merchants'  Bank  of  Halifax  in  Montreal,  as  In- 
spector. He  was,  indeed,  practically  assistant  to  the 
newly-appointed  General  Manager  of  that  Bank,  and 
rendered  invaluable  service  in  changing  the  whole 
routine  system  of  that  institution  when  it  changed  its 
name  to  the  Royal  Bank  of  Canada.  In  1901,  when 
the  directors  of  the  Sovereign  Bank  of  Canada  requir- 
ed a  man  to  organize  and  manage  that  new  institution, 
Mr.  Stewart  was  selected  and  in  due  course  accepted 
the  offer  and  became  the  first  General  Manager  of  the 
Sovereign  Bank  of  Canada  in  July,  1901.  Upon  com- 

pletion of  the  organization,  which  was  very  successful, 
his  appointment  was  formally  confirmed  by  the  Board 
in  April,  1902,  just  sixteen  years  after  he  had  arrived, 
a  young  lad,  and  a  stranger  in  this  country.  He  was 
thus  thirty-two  years  of  age  when  he  assumed  this  im- 
portant position,  and  was  then,  as  he  is  still,  the  young- 
est General  Manager  of  any  chartered  bank  in  tht) 
Dominion.  The  Sovereign  Bank  has  made  great  pro- 
gress under  his  management,  the  Government  state- 
ment showing  steady,  healthy  progress  month  by  month 
at  the  end  of  1903,  its  total  assets  amounting  to  more 
than  seven  million  dollars,  a  record  never  equalled  by 
any  Canadian  Bank  in  the  same  time. 

Mr.  Stewart's  chief  hobby  is  soldiering,  and  be 
holds  a  commission  as  Major  in  the  6th  Duke  of  Con- 
naught's  Royal  Canadian  Hussars,  Montreal.  He  is 
also  a  champion  oarsman,  and  athlete.  He  has  been  a 
prize  essayist  as  a  writer  on  banking  and  kindred  sub- 
jects, and  a  series  of  lectures  which  he  delivered  in 
Montreal  during  the  winter  of  1903-4  on  "Canadian 
Banking,"  were  very  largely  attended,  and  attracted 
widespread  attention  by  their  practical  and  popular 
treatment  of  the  subject. 

Mr.  Stewart  was  married  June  5th,  1895,  to  Kath- 
erine,  Lizzie  Clark,  youngest  daughter  of  Peter  Mc- 
Naughton  Clark,  of  Toronto,  and  has  one  child,  Kath- 
leen Winifred.  Mr.  Stewart  is  a  member  of  the  St. 
James'  Club,  Montreal  Club,  Montreal  Hunt,  Canada 
Club,  Military  Institute  and  Y.M.C.A.,  Montreal; 
National  Club  and  Toronto  Hunt,  Toronto,  and  the 
Rideau  Club,  Ottawa.  He  is  an  adherent  of  the 
Church  of  England. 



George  Ross  Robertson,  the  head  of  the  well-known 
firm  of  Insurance  Brokers.  G.  Ross  Robertson  &  Sons, 
whose  offices  are  in  the  Bell  Telephone  Company's 
Building,  1760  Notre  Dame  Street,  Montreal,  was  born 
in  that  city  on  2nd  June,  1864.  His  father,  the  late 
George  Ross  Robertson,  who  died  in  1895,  was  also  a 
native  of  Montreal,  and  was  the  pioneer  of  Insurance 
Brokerage  in  Canada,  laying  the  foundation  of  the  ex- 
isting business  in  1865.  His  eldest  son,  the  subject  of 
this  sketch,  was  educated  at  Faucett's  School,  the  then 
leading  private  academy  in  Montreal. 

On  completing  his  education,  he  entered  the  Mon- 
treal offices  of  the  North  British  Mercantile  Insurance 
Company,  and  spent  three  years  gaining  a  thorough 
experience  of  the  insurance  business  in  all  its  various 
details.  Upon  leaving  the  company's  employ  in  1885, 
Mr.  G.  Ross  Robertson  joined  his  father  in  partnership 
in  the  insurance  brokerage  business,  and  subsequently 
in  1890,  his  younger  brother,  W.  Stewart  Robertson 
was  admitted  as  a  partner,  and  the  firm  of  G.  Ross 
Robertson  &  Sons,  was  established  under  its  present 

Mr.  G.  Ross  Robertson  has  devoted  his  life  to  the 
development  of  the  business  of  his  firm,  in  which  he 
and  his  brother  are  sole  partners,  until  it  now  stands  at 
the  head  of  the  Insurance  Brokerage  houses  in  Canada. 
The  business  consists  principally  of  arraying  large 
lines  of  Fire  Insurance  in  all  parts  of  the  Dominion, 
negotiating  policies  with  every  Insurance  Company, 
and  acting  as  the  confidential  agents  of  the  assured  not 
only  in  the  issuance  of  policies,  but  in  the  protection 

of  his  clients  in  keeping  all  renewals  in  force,  adjust- 
ing claims  for  their  best  advantage,  and  in  fact  secur- 
ing them  in  every  possible  way  from  loss  without  any 
trouble  to  themselves  individually.  The  firm's  business 
carried  on  with  the  strictest  integrity,  and  on  the  most 
conservative,  yet  modern  methods,  has  expanded  to 
such  an  extent,  that  it  practically  has  demanded  the 
devotion  by  Mr.  G.  Ross  Robertson  of  all  his  time, 
energy  and  experience.  A  large  business  is  transacted 
with  the  United  States,  and  a  very  large  and  increasing 
volume  of  Life  assurance  is  effected  with  the  principal 
companies.  Mr.  Robertson  is  the  acknowledged  lead- 
ing insurance  broker  in  the  city  of  Montreal,  and  his 
personal  services  in  this  direction  are  in  great  demand. 
He  is  Vice-President  of  the  Dominion  Woollen  Manu- 
facturing Company  of  Beauharnois,  Quebec,  and  a 
governor  of  the  Montreal  General  Hospital. 

In  private  life,  Mr.  Robertson  is  an  enthusiastic, 
patron  of  all  healthy  outdoor  sport,  exciting  great  in- 
terest, help  and  encouragement  from  him.  He  is  a 
member  of  the  St.  James  Club,  the  Montreal  City  Club, 
the  Forest  and  Stream  Club,  and  in  connection  with 
his  membership  of  the  St.  Andrew's  Society,  it  may  be 
mentioned  that  although  Canadians  for  three  genera- 
tions, Mr.  Robertson's  ancestors  were  of  Scotch  origin. 

Mr.  G.  Ross  Robertson  married  a  daughter  of  the 
late  Mr.  R.  W.  Shepherd,  of  Montreal,  on  April  8th, 
1890.  He  has  two  sons,  George  Ross  Robertson,  and 
Robert  Ward  Shepherd  Robertson.  His  residence  is 
213  Drummond  Street,  Montreal. 




Mr.  Charles  Page  Sclater,  Secretary-Treasurer  of 
the  Bell  Telephone  Company  of  Canada,  Montreal, 
was  born  February  2nd,  1850,  at  Dover,  England,  the 
son  of  H.  Sclater,  a  retired  officer  of  the  Royal  Navy, 
and  Rachel  Page,  his  wife.  He  received  his  educa- 
tion at  a  private  school  in  England,  and  on  leaving 
that  institution  was  articled  to  a  leading  firm  of  Lon- 
don Accountants,  Messrs.  Kemp,  Ford  and  Company. 
Here  he  acquired  a  thorough  grounding  in  sound 
business  methods,  which  have  since  served  him  in  good 
stead.  Mr.  Sclater  left  England  in  1876  to  assume 
the  management  of  a  cotton  business  in  South  Caro- 
lina, came  to  Canada  from  that  State  in  1877,  and  in- 
vested in  oil  wells  in  Petrolea,  Out.  He  was  acting 
secretary  of  the  Dominion  Telegraph  Company  in  1879, 
and  in  1880,  on  the  formation  of  the  Bell  Telephone 
Company,  became  its  first  Secretary-Treasurer,  oc- 
cupying that  important  position  ever  since.  Mr. 
Sclater  is  also  connected  with  other  important  com- 
mercial corporations,  and  is  director  of  the  Northern 
Electric  and  Manufacuring  Company,  Limited,  and 
the  Hamilton  Power  Company. 

Mr.  Sclater  is  a  past-President  of  the  St.  George's 
Society  of  Montreal,  and  has  for  years  been  closely 

identified  with  the  charitable  work  of  that  influential 

Like  most  Englishmen,  .Mr.  Sclater  regards  manly 
exercise  as  a  duty  as  well  as  a  pleasure.  He  was 
well  known  in  rowing  and  football  circles  in  England 
between  1870  and  1876.  rowing  at  Henley  in  the 
Kingston  Crews  of  1874,  1875  and  1876,  and  playing 
on  the  South  of  England  football  teams  at  about  the 
same  period.  Soon  after  crossing  the  Atlantic  he 
stroked  the  South  Carolina  Rowing  Club  four  to  vic- 
tory at  the  Charleston  Regatta  in  1877.  In  Montreal, 
where  he  has  resided  since  1880,  his  active  interest  in 
all  outdoor  sports  and  amusements  has  been  felt  and 
appreciated.  He  was  in  turn  identified  with  the  Old 
Montreal  Cricket  Club,  the  old  Montreal  Toboggan- 
ing Club,  the  winter  carnival  committee  and  the  St. 
George's  Snowshoe  Club.  ( )f  the  latter  organization 
he  was  First  Yice-President  in  1885  and  1886,  and 
President  in  1890  and  1891. 

Mr.  Sclater  was  married  to  Margaret  Wilde,  of 
Hamilton,  Ont.  in  1878,  and  their  family  consists  of 
four  daughters  and  two  sons : — Mabel,  Edna,  Ivy, 
Charles  Henry,  Arthur  Norman  and  Marjorie. 

Mr.  Sclater  is  a  member  of  the  Montreal  Club. 



Mr.  William  Hanson,  Investment  broker,  of  the 
well  known  firm  of  Hanson  Brothers,  Canada  Life 
Building'.  Montreal,  was  born  at  Fowey,  Cornwall, 
England,  April  14,  1851,  his  parents  being  Captain 
Joseph  Hanson,  and  his  wife  Mary  Ann  Hanson. 

Mr.  Hanson  was  educated  at  Fowey  and  at  the 
Stratford  High  School,  and  came  to  Montreal  in  1881 
as  Manager  of  the  Travellers'  Insurance  Company  of 
Hartford.  He  was  subsequently  appointed  Chief 
Agent  of  the  company  for  Canada.  In  1893  he  became 
a  partner  of  the  firm  of  Hanson  Brothers,  investment 
brokers,  of  Montreal. 

Mr.  Hanson  has  contributed    notably   to   the    com- 
mercial  advancement  of  Canada    by  taking    an    active 
and  very  conspicuous  part  in  the  flotation,  amalgama 
tion,  re-organization  and  financing  of  many  important 
companies  in  Canada,  notably    the    Crows'    Xest    Pass 
Coal  Company,  the  British  Columbia    Southern    Rail 
way  Company,  the  Quebec  &  Lake  St.  John  Railway 
Company,  the    Quebec    Street    Railway,  the    Chateau- 
guay  &  Northern    Railway,  the    Ottawa    Northern  & 
Western,  and  many  other  similar  corporations. 

He  holds  manj  honorable  and  responsible  posiuons 
on  the  Boards  of  leading  companies.  He  is  first  Vice- 
president  of  the  Quebec  and  Lake  St.  John  Railway 
and  a  director  of  the  following  : — Richelieu  &  Ontario 
Navigation  Company,  the  Canada  Coal  and  Railway 
Company,  the  British  Columbia  Southern  Railway,  the 
Ottawa  Northern  &  Western  Railway,  the  Dominion 
Guarantee  Company,  the  Montreal  Water  &  Power 
Company,  the  Quebec  Railway,  Light  &  Power  Com- 
pany, and  others.  He  was  managing  director  for  man) 
years  of  the  Crows'  Nest  Pass  Coal  Company. 

Mr.  Hanson  was  married  in  1876  at  Napanee,  to 
Ada  Maria  Daly  (since  deceased).  Of  the  issue  of 
this  union  there  were  two  sons  and  two  daughters  : — 
Florence  Meredith,  Reginald  (deceased),  William 
Gordon  and  Beatrice  Grange. 

Mr.  Hanson's  residence  is  "  Restormel,"  West- 
mount,  Que.,  and  he  is  a  member  of  the  following 
clubs  : — St.  James'  Club,  Montreal  ;  Montreal  Club, 
Ricleau  Club,  Ottawa  ;  Scottish  Conservative  Club, 
Edinburgh  ;  Westmount  Tennis  Club  and  the  West- 
mount  Golf  Club. 



Mr.  Edwin  Hanson,  member  of  the  firm  of  Hanson 
Brothers,  investment  brokers  and  dealers  in  govern- 
ment, railway  and  other  securities,  Canada  Life  Build- 
ing, Montreal,  was  born  December  28th.  1853,  at 
Fowey,  Cornwall,  England,  his  father  being  Captain 
Joseph  Hanson,  a  master  mariner.  All  of  Mr.  Han- 
son's ancestors  were  English.  He  was  educated  at  the 
Fowey  Grammar  School,  and  started  upon  his  business 
career  in  Cardiff,  Wales,  as  junior  in  the  office  of  a 
dry  dock  and  ship-building  firm.  After  a  year  he  left 
the  firm  and  came  to  Canada,  where  he  entered  the 
employ  of  John  Green  &  Company,  wholesale  dry- 
goods  merchants,  of  London,  Out.  Mr.  Hanson 
entered  the  office  of  the  house  and  became  cashier, 
retaining  that  position  until  he  left  to  start  a  business 
in  Montreal  with  his  brother,  Mr.  C.  A.  Hanson,  now 
of  London,  England.  This  is  the  business  now  con- 
ducted by  Mr.  Hanson  and  his  brother  Willhm,  under 
the  firm  stvle  of  Hanson  Brothers. 

Mr.  Hanson's  connections  and  high  financial  stand- 
ing have  earned  him  many  positions  of  high  trust  in 
influential  financial  corporations,  not  only  of  Canada, 
but  of  other  countries.  At  the  present  time  he  is 
president  of  the  Montreal  Water  and  Power  Company, 
of  the  Havana  Electric  Railway  Company,  and  a 
director  of  the  Quebec  and  Lake  St.  John  Railway 
Company.  He  is  a  member  of  the  St.  James, 
Montreal  and  Royal  Montreal  Golf  Clubs,  all  of 
Montreal ;  of  the  Toronto  Club,  Toronto ;  the  Forest 
and  Stream  Club,  Dorval,  and  the  Canada  Club,  of 
London,  England. 

Mr.  Hanson  was  married  in  1879  at  Toronto,  to 
Miss  Sarah  T.  Clements,  of  that  citv,  their  family 
consisting  of  Gertrude  Hanson,  Leila  Thorpe  Hanson, 
Laura  Hanson,  Ina  Marion  Hanson,  Pauline  Hanson, 
Gerald  Hanson,  Charles  Stanley  Hanson  and 
Madeleine  Hanson.  Mr.  Hanson's  residence  is  1152 
Dorchester  street,  Montreal. 



Mr.  Robert  Meighen,  who  for  fourteen  years  has 
been  President  of  the  Lake  of  the  Woods  Milling 
Co.,  is  one  of  Canada's  best  known  captains  of  indus- 
try, and  his  name  is  familiar  to  Canadians  from  one 
end  of  the  Dominion  to  the  other.  Mr.  Meighen  is 
also  well-known  throughout  the  British  Empire  as  an 
ardent  Imperialist,  and  as  a  devoted  adherent  of  the 
policy  of  Mr.  Chamberlain.  Mr.  Meighen,  indeed, 
advocated  the  policy  of  Imperial  Preferential  Trade 
many  years  ago,  and  was  one  of  the  pioneers,  whose 
unceasing  and  confident  advocacy  has  made  it  the 
pressing  question  that  it  is  to-day.  Mr.  Meighen  was 
born  at  Dungiven,  near  Londonderry,  Ireland,  and 
shortly  afterwards  his  father  died.  The  family  then 
came  to  Canada,  and  settled  at  Perth,  Ontario,  where 
the  children  were  educated.  In  the  course  of  time,  the 
boys  established  themselves  in  business  in  Perth,  as 
wholesale  and  retail  general  merchants,  and  the  firm  of 
Arthur  Meighen  &  Bros,  soon  became  widely  known 
for  probity  and  enterprise,  and  for  many  years  has 
been  one  of  the  most  extensive  mercantile  firms  doing 
business  in  the  old  Bathurst  district.  In  1882,  Mr. 
Meighen  removed  to  Montreal,  where  he  became  asso- 
siated  in  business  with  Sir  George  Stephen,  now  Lord 
Mount  Stephen,  whom  he  succeeded  as  President  of 
the  New  Brunswick  Railway,  which  now  forms  part 
of  the  Canadian  Pacific  Eastern  Line.  This  position 
Mr.  Meighen  still  retains.  He  was  interested  for 
some  years  in  the  Portage  Milling  Co.,  at  Portage  La 
Prairie,  and  helped  to  found  the  Lake  of  the  Woods 
Milling  Co.,  one  of  the  most  prosperous  and  extensive 
milling  concerns  in  the  Empire,  of  which,  as  already 

stated,  he  has  been  president  for  fourteen  years.  He 
is  a  man  of  many  and  varied  interests,  to  each  of  which 
he  gives  the  keenest  and  most  conscientious  attention. 
Among  other  activities,  he  is  director  of  three  other 
business  institutions  besides  those  already  mentioned, 
the  Bank  of  Toronto,  one  of  the  strongest  financial  in- 
stitutions in  the  Dominion ;  the  North-West  Land  Co., 
and  the  Dominion  Transport  Company.  Mr.  Meighen 
is  also  an  active  member  of  the  Montreal  Board  of 
Trade,  and  the  Montreal  Corn  Exchange  Associa- 
tion, and  was  a  delegate  to  the  Fifth  Congress  of 
Chambers  of  Commerce  of  the  Empire.  At  that  Con- 
gress he  made  a  speech  that  attracted  wide  attention, 
and  that  was  afterwards  published  in  pamphlet  form 
and  widely  read.  Mr.  Meighen  is  also  author  of  an- 
other pamphlet  on  the  fiscal  question,  which  he  has 
specially  addressed  to  the  farmers  of  Canada.  Mr. 
Meighen  is  a  Presbyterian  in  religion,  and  a  trustee  of 
St.  Paul's  Church.  In  politics  he  is  a  Conservative. 
His  house,  140  Drummond  Street,  is  one  of  the  most 
stately  homes  in  Montreal.  His  clubs  are  the  Mount 
Royal,  St.  James  and  the  Canada.  Like  most  of  the 
notably  successful  men  of  business  on  this  continent, 
to-day,  Mr.  Meighen  is  what  it  is  customary  to  call 
"  the  architect  of  his  own  fortune,"  in  the  sense  that 
his  success  depended  upon  his  own  prudence,  ability 
and  perseverance.  Mr.  Meighen  married  the  youngest 
daughter  of  the  late  Wm.  Stephen,  Esq.,  formerly  of 
Dufftown,  Scotland,  and  the  sister  of  Lord  Mount 
Stephen.  Mr.  and  Mrs.  Meighen  have  three  children, 
a  son,  Major  Frank  Meighen,  and  two  daughters,  Mrs. 
R.  W.  Reford,  and  Miss  Meighen. 





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